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Friday, March 17, 2017

JKU Academic Research List 2017

                       JKU Academic Research List
                                           March 2017 Edition
                                                                701 Links

I. Research URLs
II. Online Catalogs & Courses. New.
III. Online Journals and Zines
IV. Indexes and Abstracts
V. Reference Books Online
VI. Govt. Publications
VII. Subject Guides
VIII. Other: Tools.
IX. Language Tools: Dictionaries and Glossaries.

Note: Some of you will know of academic research resources, databases, search services, etc., which are not on this List.  So, a reminder that we strive to List for you, only free services and engines. We also try to omit services or engines that want you to “join” or “sign-up”, even it it is free. We have noticed that stopping the user, researcher,  or student, to make them sign-up, join, or whatever, slows them down, and interferes with their research work. We have also sought out the Open Access sites, databases, and so on, and have listed all them that we could find. In our work, we use about 20 different general and specialized search engines, many of them non-google, and google-free. Again, we are the only researchers on the Web, in the world, providing these kinds of services to you.

I. Research URLs. This includes most of the newer “open” resources.;jsessionid=EFBD055C37E853E58FB3D2961BD19562   }the definitive academic video, image, and audio resource. Browse and search for free, subscribe to download.   }this site worked well in our test, and gave results as described by them. Recommended. “Academic Index is a scholarly search engine accessing only websites previously selected by librarians, teachers, and library and educational consortia.” Drawback: service may fail therefore to find important results that you’re looking for.   }”We are building a user-friendly educational ecosystem that will give internet users around the world the ability to easily find, interact with, and learn from full video courses and lectures from the world’s leading scholars.”  Clean site, easy to read and use. The videos load and play immediately; but the site still seems a little commercial to us. We Recommend it nonetheless.   }an online education resource center with online degrees, online courses and distance learning information from online accredited schools, to provide free, independent and accurate information and resources for prospective and current students (and other researchers); we found it a little commercial. Listed as “an educational subject and database gateway”, this is misleading. They do link to some online schools by subject, but there are no subject databases or gateways there. So, the description in “Academic and Scholar Search Engines and Sources” is incorrect and misleading.     }Welcome to Academic Torrents!  Making 15.66TB of research data available.
We've designed a distributed system for sharing enormous datasets - for researchers, by researchers. The result is a scalable, secure, and fault-tolerant repository for data, with blazing fast download speeds. Contact us at  . For more information see    }+This service is designed to facilitate storage of all the data used in research, including datasets as well as publications. There are many advantages of using bittorrent technology to disseminate this work. Distributed storage and content delivery provided by anyone. Files can be securely downloaded from other users of the system. They can share the file for a day or a year.  Mirroring the content can be done from a desktop computer anywhere. Everyone surrounding this computer will have local access to the data automatically and securely. Bundles of files, not just papers, of any size can be disseminated in this way as long as at least one person can become a seed for that data.    }This open source site has books in American, Canadian and universal libraries.   }First deployed in 2006, Archive-It is a subscription web archiving service from the Internet Archive that helps organizations to harvest, build, and preserve collections of digital content. Through our user friendly web application Archive-It partners can collect, catalog, and manage their collections of archived content with 24/7 access and full text search available for their use as well as their patrons. Content is hosted and stored at the Internet Archive data centers.   }once considered to be “the search engine of choice for scientists and engineers seeking resources in science and engineering on the web”, this site has fallen into disuse and is not maintained anymore. We include it here so you can use the publication search engine (also searches web and news).   }the page for Internet resources by type, in this famous catalogue of internet resources. 2015 DL. The Archived copy:   }on For replacement links, search this document. Many more current lists of internet resources are here.   }this one failed three of our hard search term tests, and one easy one, but we include it here so that you’ll know about it. It did return several thousand results for one very easy search.   }applied math and science education repository.   }links to 1700 electronic serials. 2011 Update: This link is not good anymore, but the site is still there, and their links page has changed. Here:    }they have a list of partnering Research Libraries.   And here:    }is a list of their publications, reports, and presentations.    }SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system.   }Search academic materials with this tool.   }full-text index of library electronic serials. Link seems to be down. Try:  }here now.    }Internet Resources on the web. 2011 Update: this link is dead now, but they’ve reorganized their site. Here:    }is their page on how to find academic/research webpages.   }a site for finding and managing scholarly references. IT seems to be a very well-organized, user-friendly service, and it is free; unfortunately, it did poorly in our “hard test”. We gave it an obscure item from c.1920, and it found 800 references for it. There were not more than 80 references to it during the entire 20th century. A quick check revealed that most of the items it found had nothing to do with the search term, at all.   }College researchers often need more than Google and Wikipedia to get the job done. To find what you're looking for, it may be necessary to tap into the invisible web, the sites that don't get indexed by broad search engines. 99 resources for college students, teachers, researchers. A somewhat older site, some of the links are already dead, but most are still good. Note that some of the resources’ descriptions are inaccurate.     }Academic Commons is a freely accessible digital collection of research and scholarship produced at Columbia University or one of its affiliate institutions (Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary, and Jewish Theological Seminary). Columbia-affiliated students, faculty, and staff can archive the digital outputs of their research and scholarship in Academic Commons and share them with a global audience.   }”A new search feature has been implemented, which allows searching of technology transfer information across the Department of Energy Laboratories. Using novel web crawling technology, the search capability in the box above allows users to enter a single query for a technology transfer term, which then searches DOE Laboratory technology transfer websites and databases. A consolidated, relevance-ranked list will be returned, providing easy and timely access to technology transfer information from across the DOE complex. Try this exciting new search capability!”   }AGRIS (International System for Agricultural Science and Technology) is a global public domain database with more than 7.5 million structured bibliographical records on agricultural science and technology. The database is maintained by FAO, and its content is provided by more than 150 participating institutions from 65 countries. The AGRIS Search system,[1] allows scientists, researchers and students to perform sophisticated searches using keywords from the AGROVOC thesaurus, specific journal titles or names of countries, institutions, and authors.     }Pattern Languages of Programs (PLoP) Conferences. We have compiled our collected PLoP experiences into a series named How to Run PLoP. The Hillside Group Sponsors many different conferences such as: PLoP, EuroPLoP, AsianPLoP, ScrumPLoP, VikingPLoP, SugarLoafPLoP, UP, and ChiliPLoP. These conferences focus on writing groups to better improve patterns through group exposure. Each conference offers advanced topics for the more adept pattern writers. Participants have the opportunity to refine and extend their patterns with help from knowledgeable and sympathetic patterns enthusiasts.    }Look up history articles, blogs, forums, academic departments, journals and a lot more on this search engine. DL 2014. 2016  Update: Replacement:   }History World.  More than 1,000,000 words on world history in linked narratives; site is searchable. Recommended. More than 10,000 events from world history to search for timelines.  Histories, timelines, content index, timelines index.   }scholarly internet resource collections. Some of the infomine results lead to pay sites, e.g., advertising/offering for sale, Mathcad. DL 2015.   }The Intute site closed in July 2011. Details of the project behind Intute can be found on the UK web archives: Intute repository search project, and Intute / Jisc digitisation dissemination project.    DL 2015 . Replacement:     }here are  web resources for your studies and research. Site has link list in the categories, Academic Journal Articles, Gateways for Academic Research, Theses and Dissertations, Science and Medical Journal Articles, and Other Scholarly & Academic Research Sources.  207 links on the page.   }Update: After 20 years of service, ipl2 is now closed permanently. You may continue using the ipl2 website. However, the site will no longer be updated, and no other services will be available. DL 2015 . Replacement:    }BASE is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources, operated  by Bielefeld University Library. As the open access movement grows and prospers, more and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. Currently in BASE: 82,451,092 Documents of 3,907 Content Sources.   You can access the full texts of about 60-70% of the indexed documents. The index is continuously enhanced by integrating further OAI sources as well as local sources. BASE is a registered OAI service provider and contributed to the European project "Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research" (DRIVER). Database managers can integrate the BASE index into your own local infrastructure (e.g. meta search engines, library catalogues) via an interface.   }this site works well; scientific literature digital library and search engine. Did well in our tests.   }Kansas State’s linklist for intellectual property, part one.   }part two of that
linklist.   }the lexis/nexis academic/libraries webpages. See also V. Reference and VII. Subject Guides, both below.    }Enter your keywords at the top or click on a subject like people, media, government, business, law.  DL 2015. Site redirected to, see above. Replacement:     }Selected Search Engines, Web Archives, Open Data Repositories - facilitate locating information, data and analytics via: Web, Blogs, News, Video and specialized alerts. Web and Data Search - searching and locating relevant, reliable and actionable information will benefit from consistently using a range of search engines, sources, applications and strategies in your research process. A selection of sources from which you may consider with assurance, dependent upon your specific research requirements, are as follows...   }list of mostly scientific publishers.   } Find library blogs and other library resources with this engine.   }the Lycos search page, linked from Search Engine Watch.   } amer.journalism review site, plus links to newspapers. 2011 Update: new link:   }this is their resources page. Basically every kind of news link that you could want is on this page.   }this is the Search Tools page for Newslink. Search tne Newslink database, other news sites, or the entire web.    }the NRC Research Press is an open access press; NRC Research Press journals are compliant with the open access policies of research funding agencies. Use the search box to search for science links and sites. Did well in our tests: Recommended. Note that the website is complete and thorough, but the search box is hard to see; it is in the upper right-hand corner.   }The mission of OASPA is to support and represent the interests of Open Access (OA) journal and book publishers globally in all scientific, technical, and scholarly disciplines. OASPA offers a forum for bringing together the entire community of Open Access journal publishers.     } The open course ware finder. Click on a keyword, like administration, civil, literary, workshop or writing, and OCW (Open Course Ware)  Finder will bring up classes that match your query, or enter term in the search box.   }Library databases are part of the "Invisible" or "Deep" Web. Like most libraries, ODU purchases subscriptions to these usually-costly resources for our primary users --including you. For academic research, it is always best if you begin with library resources, for several reasons. Library catalogs are primarily used for identifying and locating books (print or electronic) and other materials in a particular library’s collection.    }use this to search information and data across the DOE complex. In our relatively hard test, it was fast and relevant, and comparable to Socolar (below).   }PLOS (Public Library of Science) is a nonprofit publisher and advocacy organization with a mission of leading a transformation in scientific and medical research communication.   }this is the page for searching the proquest databases; you make a search-widget here. Here:    }the proquest search page.   }is the list of databases they search. 2012 Update: Link has changed, and now takes you to the database connect page:    }Most database subscriptions are purchased by public or academic libraries who in turn provide access to individuals.    }Choose images, maps, journals, news articles and more when you search here.  DL 2015. Replacement:   }Need to find journal articles or scholarly or academic research papers? Ordinary search engines are not very useful for finding academic research
studies, scholarly journal articles, or other sources. Academic search engines are a far better alternative, and they abound online. Use the tools below to find journal articles, which are available in formats ranging from citations or brief abstracts to full text delivered electronically or in hard copy. Some articles are provided free. Often, a fee is required or access is restricted in some way. To find journals using regular search engines or web directories, try adding the word journal or the phrase "electronic journal" to your search term. In directories, look under your respective discipline. Yahoo, for example, lists eleven journals under Science/Biology/Cell Biology and twelve under Arts/Humanities/Literature/Poetry. Academic articles
and scholarly research papers may also be available through the Internet's many library gateways, listed on the page. You may also want to try our invisible web resources, useful for searching databases. Need a grammar or usage tune-up for that report, essay, or research paper? Try these reference tools. Find books
and textbooks through our books page. On the go? If you travel for your studies, check out our youth hostel links!   }the most comprehensive scientific research tool on the web, with over 410 million scientific items indexed at last count. In our test, its results weren’t deep, and it failed one test (where an extant result was known), but all the results for different searches were scientific only. Examines content of papers for relevance to search term, a really useful feature. DL 2015.  Replacement:    }this engine gave fast, relevant results in our tests; Recommended.   }Internet Annotated Link Dataset Compilation titled "Academic and Scholar Search Engines and Sources" is a 60 page research paper listing selected resources both new and existing that will help anyone who is attempting to find academic and scholarly information and knowledge available on the Internet. The pdf is here   }this paper was updated October 15, 2012.   }good list of directories and search engines. DL 12aug13.  Replacement: see the JKU Research List. Also:    }"Search, the holy grail that pushed Google into global Internet domination, is still coveted by many. The fact that most users don't even consider switching Google for anything else doesn't mean that there's no innovation going on in the field of search. Quite the contrary; which can also be seen from the list below" of 140 search engines. We found that many of those 140 search engines, several still exist (October 2015).   }fast and accurate scientific or academic search engine. From China, read their About here:   . For papers, click on a result, and Socolar opens title, author, source, year, type, and the abstract of the paper. Link to paper and full abstract on result page.   }This is the new Springer Link site. Huge site, with 7,360,380 resources in 24 different disciplines or subjects, including 4,723,026 articles, 2,320,564 chapters, 285,771 reference work entries, and 31,019 protocols. We gave this the hard test that the High Energy Physics Information System, HEP Inspire (see below in subject Guides) failed. Revealing that test now, it was for the High Energy Active Auroral Research Project, also know as HAARP, and the HEP Inspire site should have had at least many papers about it, but had none at all, no matter how we manipulated the search terms. By contrast, therefore, this site found 63 results immediately, and using the acronym, not having to spell it out. The results page was clean and easy to read, and showed which studies were free, versus which you would have to buy or buy access to, and allowed previews of those. Highly Recommended.   }”SweetSearch is a Search Engine for Students. It searches only the 35,000 Web sites that our staff of research experts and librarians and teachers have evaluated and approved when creating the content on finding Dulcinea. We constantly evaluate our search results and "fine-tune" them, by increasing the ranking of Web sites from organizations such as the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian, PBS and university Web sites.”   }University of Houston search engine page. Search for e-journals, databases, catalog, research guides, or do a site search. Said to be part of “the deep web”. In our test, it did very well, giving over pages of results at 25 listings per page, including books, magazines and journals.   }Use this tool to get connected to academic libraries, public libraries, national libraries and other centers around the world.    }search for free the tables of contents of 16000 journals. 2011 Update: new URL:   }and the search engine is improved, click on icons to the right of results to see where you can get the journal from online.   }finds new sites or publications in research and education. Note: some versions of Word will give false reports of not being able to load the website; Word 10 is one example. So, copy and paste the URL into the browser’s address bar, or use the online version at: , which loads the webpage without any problems.   }A freely-accessible site for searching only OAIster records is available at You are able to search only OAIster and its millions of metadata records. OAIster began at the University of Michigan in 2002 funded by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and with the purpose of establishing a retrieval service for publicly available digital library resources provided by the research library community. During its tenure at the University of Michigan, OAIster grew to become one of the largest aggregations of records pointing to open access collections in the world. OAIster records are fully accessible through, and will be included in search results along with records from thousands of libraries worldwide. They will also continue to be available on the OCLC FirstSearch service to Base Package subscribers, providing another valuable access point for this rich database and a complement to other FirstSearch databases. Additionally, the OAIster records are included in search results for those libraries with WorldCat Local and WorldCat Local "quick start."    }WorldCat is the world's largest network of library content and services, libraries which are dedicated to providing access to their resources on the Web, where most people start their search for information. lets you search the collections of libraries in your community and thousands more around the world and grows every day thanks to the efforts of librarians and other information professionals. Illustration: Some of the media icons you'll see: popular books, music CDs and videos—all of the physical items you're used to getting from libraries. You can also discover many new kinds of digital content, such as downloadable audiobooks, and article citations with links to their full text; authoritative research materials, such as documents and photos of local or historic significance; and digital versions of rare items that aren't available to the public.  WorldCat libraries serve diverse communities in dozens of countries, and resources are available in many languages.

II. Online Catalogs & Courses. New.   }AcademicInfo is an online education resource center with a plethora of online degrees, online courses and distance learning information from a selection of online accredited schools. Our mission is to provide free, independent and accurate information and resources for prospective and current students (and other researchers).   }a brief guide to using the site. Many, many papers here: 1,229 Journals; 19,602 Proceedings; 135,885 book Titles;  and 69,016 Theses. 25, 389 Published reports. This is the ACM Digital Library.   } Full text of every article ever published by ACM and bibliographic citations from major publishers in computing. ACM is the Association for Computing Machinery, one of the oldest and largest of its kind in the world. Here is:    }Cal’s AI-on-the-web: 900 links; 820 pages of info. Scroll down.     }Read math textbooks and theory books on this site.   }"Cal": their libraries.    }UC-Berkeley’s webcasts include lots of courses, lectures and special guest speakers.    }not only catalogs, but also databases, references, indexes, great list on this page.   }this is the page for the BUBL Link Catalogue of Internet Resources. An older catalog, but still one if the biggest and the best.   }Melvyl  2011 Update:   }Melvyl’s new portal. Search the U.C. Library system.     }Chinook. Search the Colorado libraries here.   }The Fulbright Economics Teaching Program offers classes from its two-year Master in Public Policy Program.    }Read computer programming and computer engineering textbooks and lecture notes for free.    }Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health offers its distinguished courses online in areas like refugee health, aging, injury prevention and more.   }An online training module to help you grasp some of the concepts of deep space missions. “Basics of Space Flight is a tutorial designed primarily to help operations people identify the range of concepts associated with deep space missions, and grasp the relationships among them. It also enjoys popularity with college and high-school students and faculty, and people everywhere who are interested in interplanetary space flight. “   }Kansas State’s library links.     }the Library Freedom Project.  We’ve been conducting privacy trainings at libraries across the United States and some internationally, and in June we held our first Digital Rights in Libraries conference. Today, we’re announcing the start of a new initiative, a collaboration between the Library Freedom Project and our friends at the Tor Project: Tor exit relays in libraries.  This is an idea whose time has come; libraries are our most democratic public spaces, protecting our intellectual freedom, privacy, and unfettered access to information, and Tor Project creates software that allows all people to have these rights on the internet. What’s more, Tor Project is Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), which is the best defense against government and corporate surveillance.  Libraries have been committed to intellectual freedom and privacy for decades, outlining these commitments in the ALA Core Values
of Librarianship, the Freedom to Read Statement, and the ALA Code of Ethics. They’re also centers of education in their local communities, offering free classes on a variety of subjects, including computer instruction. Libraries serve a diverse audience;  many of our community members are people who need Tor but don’t know that it exists.  Relays make up the backbone of the Tor network, which is
what powers the Tor Browser. Tor Browser is the only web browser that gives the user anonymity and prevents tracking and censorship. It’s a powerful tool for free expression, one that libraries should be installing on their public PCs and teaching to patrons.  When a user opens the Tor Browser and navigates to a website, her traffic is bounced over three relays, scrambling her traffic with three layers of encryption, making her original IP address undetectable. The exit relay is the last relay in this circuit, the one that talks to the public internet. Fast, stable exit relays are vital to the strength of the Tor network. Non-exit relays –
 guards, middle relays, and bridges – are also important to the Tor network, but exit nodes are the most needed, and libraries can afford some of the legal exposure that comes with an exit. It’s not dangerous to run an exit, but because the exit node is the only identifiable one on the circuit, exit operators might face the occasional DMCA notice or law enforcement officer inquiring about traffic on the node. Since libraries already provide public internet services, we are protected by from DMCA takedowns by safe harbor provisions and are shielded from the threats that an individual exit relay operator might face in trying to explain to
law enforcement that the traffic leaving her exit is not her own. To begin this new project, we needed a pilot,and we had just the library in mind – Kilton Library in Lebanon, New Hampshire, one of two Lebanon Libraries.   }gateway to LOC catalogs of libraries everywhere. Long list. Interesting stuff at page end. Goes directly to search page (usually) for particular library. See also VI. Govt. Websites, below.    }Even if you didn’t get in to Harvard Medical School, you can take these classes online for free.     }MIT’s collection is one of the most comprehensive open courseware collections online. MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a web-based publication of virtually all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity.   }Take classes in philosophy, sociology, theology, Asian studies and more from this famous university.    } This site is a great place to start your search: you can conduct a keyword search or choose to take courses from schools around the world.    }The Online Education Database has put together a list of some of the best open courseware classes out there. Browse by subject.   }Browse this list for more than 200 open classes, resources and lectures.   }Princeton’s catalog.   }al-Qarawiyyin Library in Fez, Morocco, is the oldest library in the world, but until last month, only researchers had access to it. Built in 859, the library was a beacon for scholars, poets, and theologians for hundreds of years, but in recent years it had fallen into terrible disrepair. Now a massive, three-year restoration effort hasn’t just revitalized the building – it’s opened an ancient center of scholarship up to a new generation of readers! The center includes the large library, as well as a mosque and a university that may be the oldest degree-granting institution in the world. It was founded by Fatima El-Fihriya, a rich merchant’s daughter who dedicated her inheritance to building the center (a habit that ran in her family, as her sister, Maryam, was the sponsor of Fez’s Al-Andalus mosque). After the Moroccan Ministry of Culture received a grant from Kuwait’s Arab Bank, they chose Canadian-Moroccan architect Aziza Chaouni, who grew up in Fez, to head the project. Since 2012 she and her team have corrected structural damage and painstakingly updated mosaics to preserved the library’s original beauty, while also modernizing the space with an airy cafe, courtyard umbrellas and misting stations, and a museum highlighting al-Qarawiyyin’s history. As the center expanded in the 10th and 11th centuries, new facilities were added on that ranged over several levels of surrounding hills, so one of the difficulties of Chaouni’s job was to get each individual space up to the same standard of insulation and wiring. In addition to that, she needed to restore centuries-old wooden beams, and the delicate mosaic tiles called zellige, and faced the additional challenge that comes with an ancient building, like say when you break through a wall and find a centuries-old sewage system.   }Tufts’ School of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, The Fletcher School, School of Arts and Sciences and Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine have put classes on this open site.   }UCLA; their catalog:   }2011 Update.   }not only links to University of California’s Melvyl, but to other catalogs, journals, databases, research guides, and more. Said to have links into the “invisible web”.  Here is their   }guide for appropriate use of so-called E-Resources.   }Utah State is another popular open courseware school, offering courses in English, anthropology, physics, theatre arts, computer engineering and more.    }Here you can be tutored in any language from Japanese to Texan Spanish to Canadian French to Russian to Swedish.    }Esperanto courses, online and offline.

III. Online Journals and Zines.   }American Academic & Scholarly Research Center (AASRC) publishes the American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal (AASRJ), a bimonthly peer-reviewed journal, published online in open-access theme which allows authors to retain the intellectual property rights of their published articles.    }this is the largest, free collection of scholarly journals’ Tables of Contents (TOC). 21,888 journals (including 5,617 selected Open Access journals) from 1,754 publishers. This site is one of the replacements of . BTW we say that name “Evil Extra”, doesn’t it look like that’s how you’d say it? But after many years it was discontinued, we think, because of that name. It was a catalog of online academic resources and E-Journal search engine. They also had articles on advances in Engineering. Now it has a permanent re-direct to   }which then links to the Journals’ TOC site.  You might be wondering why we have listed and described a dead website to you. Here is what one reviewer (not us) said: “EEVL Xtra cross-searches (hence the ‘X’ in Xtra) over 20 different collections relevant to engineering, mathematics and computing, including content from over 50 publishers and providers. It doesn’t just point you to these databases, but rather it ‘deep mines’ them, so you can search them direct from EEVL Xtra. Databases searched include: arXiv, ePrints UK, CISTI, CiteSeer, CSA Hot Topics, Copac, Euclid Mathematics and Statistics Journals, Inderscience Journals IoP Journals, NACA Technical Reports, NASA TEchnical Reports, OneStep Industry News, OneStep Jobs, Pearson Education, Recent Advances in Manufacturing, zetoc, EEVL Best of the Web, EEVL Ejournal Search Engine, and more.” So, these are the kind of very useful sites and links that we try to find for you, and list here with descriptions and ratings. The EEVL Xtra is Highly Recommended by us.   }Do you need content to add to your web site? Or articles for use on your opt-in newsletters and e-zines? maintains a huge collection of articles on a wide variety subjects. Just click on the appropriate category to read the articles. They also have a video section now. We found the site to be somewhat commercial, though, and not really academic.    }From a quick look at the descriptions of these essays, I am impressed that you are a great and careful thinker;you investigate all aspects of life and to try to make some rational sense of it.I hope to read every one of your essays so as to improve my own understanding of these fundamental issues. It seems to me that this type of information [as contained in Peter Landry's work] should be mandatory in the public school system. It's a pleasure to read the essays on the history and the law. I always come away enriched, and reflect on how it was when I was in school. Some of what he touches on was still being taught. How worried I get when I think of how little the students of today, lack in self-understanding, through our own written history and philosophers.    }This jump off page will lead one into the world of literature; both, within this site and to other sites on the 'net. Blupete's Library: Economics; Fiction;History; Law; N.S. Books; Philosophy; Political.   )academic and research publications. Sept. 2011 Update: DL, no new link. 2012 Update:   }this site as a replacement.   }e-zines and magazines just for the Arts.   }this now redirects you to . Replacement:   }E-Zine & Zine Directories. 18 links on the page, which go to lists of e-zines.    }Conn M. Hallinan is a columnist for Foreign Policy In Focus, “A Think Tank Without Walls, and an independent journalist. He holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley. Dispatches From The Edge; Highly Recommended.      }The Open Directory Project (ODP) is the most comprehensive human edited directory of the Web, compiled by a vast global community of volunteer editors. The ODP is also known as DMOZ, an acronym for Directory Mozilla. This name reflects its loose association with Netscape's Mozilla project, an Open Source browser initiative. The ODP was developed in the spirit of Open Source, where development and maintenance are done by net-citizens, and results are made freely available for all net-citizens. Link goes to their list of E-Zines.  88 links on the page, which shows the first 20 of 6,239 Magazines and E-Zines.   }Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. As of September 2014, the database contains 10,000 journals, with an average of four journals being added each day in 2012.[5] The aim of DOAJ is to "increase the visibility and ease of use of open access scientific and scholarly journals thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.”  In our relatively hard test, it found novel relevant results, and is one of the best academic research engines here. 2015 Update: this site did very poorly in our easy test, we are Not Recommending it. Replacement:    }their link-list of Open Access Databases. 50 links on the page.   }their collection of online journals, sometimes called “ejournals”, although, of course, this would properly be “e-journals”, to retain the long “e” pronunciation of the letter ‘e’. This collection seems to lead to free access, which is as it should be; but most of the journals require that you be current student, faculty, or staff of Emory University. The also give physical location of print copies on the Emory campus.   }this site provides access to the world’s electronic journals, categorized alphabetically.  The site looks old, but, we’ve checked the links and all those we checked are still good, this list goes to lists, some of those go to lists, and those go to the journals.    }the full collection of article and videos from EzineMark about Usenet (newsgroups) and (Web-based) discussion groups.   }some interesting articles about the structure of Usenet and its hierarchies.   }the 20 most popular and highest-rating ezine directories on the Net today. This site gives direct links to e-zine directories, and these in turn link to the e-zines, or to lists of them. In our tests, it was many links to a website, and we weren’t able to get to the actual pages of one. Many sites led to commercial advertisements, but still related to the category named. You may have better luck with these links. An older site, it was first hosted in 2006 and noticed by Netcraft in 2009, and appears not to have been updated recently.   }categorized links to 801 e-zines, 67 links on the page. Site is current (2015).   }if the zinebook site is down, try this one (6116 zines). 2015 Update: this is now a Russian website. Replacement:      }Ezine Directory & Search Engine. 33 ezine directories & search engines.  34 links on the page. site is current (2015).   }forum, blog, and discussion site suitable for students. New. We have tested this site and find it clean and mostly easy to use. Those of you who are non-academic will enjoy this website.    }Watch TV shows and videos about American history, military history, science and technology.   }the largest free collection of scholarly journal Tables of Contents (TOC): 20,556 journals, with 4,781 from Open Access journals, all from 1,343 publishers.   }journals that are free of charge. ICAAP is now using OJS (Open Journal Systems) editorial management software which enables editors to track the complete publishing process.  And here is   }their searchable journal database, to which you may add a journal.   }the EEVL Catalogue of Internet Resources is here now.  The Intute site closed in July 2011.  The page linked to has links to archived descriptions of the Intute repository search project and the Intute /Jisc digitisation dissemination project.  EEVL, the engineering gateway, for example, was hosted by the Library of Heriot-Watt University, in partnership with the Edinburgh, Napier, Cambridge, Nottingham Trent, and Cranfield Universities, Imperial College, and the Institution of Electrical Engineers. Replacement:   }EEVL is no longer available. Most of its services have been incorporated into the new TechXtra Service. Please Select from the Links Below. 2015 Update: It's not without regret that the main site of TechXtra has been put offline. As of May 21, 2015, the TechXtra service will only be available to access TechTOCs, OneStepJobs, OneStepNews, RAM Database, Selected Books and the archive of the PerX Project. Replacement:     }JournalTOCs is the largest, free collection of scholarly journal Tables of Contents (TOCs): 26,923 journals including 9,362 selected Open Access journals and 11,058 Hybrid journals from 2630 publishers. JournalTOCs is for researchers, students, librarians and anyone looking for the latest scholarly articles. JournalTOCs alerts you when new issues of your followed journals are published Developers are welcome to use our free API to directly access our entire  database of articles, journals and publishers to embed TOCs in their library catalogues, portals, widgets and web pages.   }”the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 97403 titles”; however, it failed two of our hard search term tests, and gave a small number of results for an easier one. Those results were, however, very relevant to the search term, and mainstream.  That is, this is not a regular search engine, but one searching only digitalized free journals – so we think that it did well in our tests.   }the EEVL e-journal search engine is here now, worth checking out. Recommended.   }Use this directory to find ancient literature, American literature, magazines, online texts, more.    }Check out the collections, exhibitions and other educational resources online from one of the world’s most famous museums.   }links to open e-journals from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. “The most common method of scholarly communication in the health sciences is publication in a peer-reviewed book or journal. Peer-reviewed journals were formerly available only through paid subscription, but recent developments in scholarly communication are changing how journal articles are accessed. Greater accessibility of scientific and clinical journal articles was driven in part by a desire to see government-supported research made easily available to its funders: the taxpayers.”   }Watch Nobel Laureates and Prize winners give speeches here.   }a/v format tutorial on finding e-journals.   }This is the online journals search engine. This enables you to make search-queries to different databases from only one search field.   }the TechXtra (EEVL replacement) online bookstore, up to 35% off on any title.   }the Public Library of Science. “We are a nonprofit publisher and advocacy organization. Our mission is to accelerate progress in science and medicine by leading a transformation in research communication. Everything that we publish is open-access - freely available online for anyone to use.”   }their list of journals and newsletters. This is from the evaluation site of the www virtual library. (Click on Journals on the left, not on the main part of the page, which goes nowhere.)   }Powerbase is an encyclopedia of people, issues and groups shaping the public agenda. It is a project of the non-profit Public Interest Investigations—email melissa.jones AT Powerbase is a collaborative venture initiated by Spinwatch in collaboration with Lobbywatch, GM Watch Red Star Research and Corporate Watch, but put into effect by a wide variety of volunteers and independent researchers. Contributors are now working on 15,931 articles.   }Videos included in this library cover topics like cancer, health and society, women and health, and more.   }not to be confused with Highbeam research, which charge$ or requires registration to view full articles; this is not free information. This site, is the largest archive of free full-text science on Earth! As of 7/21/12, we are assisting in the online publication of 2,164,930 free full-text articles and 6,601,552 total articles. There are 23 sites with free trial periods, and 56 completely free sites. 280 sites have free back issues, and 1339 sites have pay per view!    }this site has Usenet reviews and comparisons.   }the digital library and archives of Virginia Tech. Their e-journal collection can be found here:   }DLA provides access to scholarly electronic serials that are peer-reviewed, full text, and accessible without charge. Their topics range from education, engineering, and literature to technology, philosophy and libraries. Most titles are available in both PDF and HTML. In our tests, the site was clean and easy to use. We were able to directly to actual e-journal pages w/o the usual run-around and hassles.    }categorized e-zines links, called “zines” there. 27 links on the page. Site is current (11apr15).

IV. Indexes and Abstracts.    }A scholarly search engine and web directory for college students. This did well in our tests; Recommended.   }With nearly 4 million bibliographic records centered on psychology and the behavioral and social sciences, the interdisciplinary content in PsycINFO® makes it one of the most highly utilized databases by students, researchers, educators, and practitioners worldwide. Explore the full breadth of research in the behavioral and social sciences with confidence. Focused on the interdisciplinary aspects of the worldwide behavioral and social science research and literature, PsycINFO is unmatched as a resource for locating scholarly research findings in psychology and related fields across a host of academic disciplines — from the historical to the cutting edge.   }Index of online discussion groups about Indexing and related subjects.   }This public domain books site publishes free books categorized alphabetically by author last name.   }The Awesome Lists, a meta-index. 2011 Update: these lists are lost now, and there is no way to recover them.   }this is the Argus Clearinghouse site, a meta-index.   }A central, open-access repository of research by members of the Harvard community. A large repository with many research papers, categorized by subject, as well as by other indices. Highly Recommended.   }Formerly The Music Index Online by Harmonie Park Press, this database provides comprehensive coverage of the music field and every aspect of the classical and popular worlds of music. With cover-to-cover indexing and abstracts for more than 400 periodicals, this resource is an invaluable resource for both the novice and scholar. Cover-to-Cover Indexing and Abstracts, featuring digitized content from 1970 to the present, the Music Index contains cover-to-cover indexing and abstracts of articles about music, musicians and the music industry for more than 490 periodicals. It also provides selective coverage for more than 200 periodicals.   }E-Mail Discussion Lists and Electronic Journals dealing with Education.   }consists of current journals in education (CJIE) and resources in education. RIE is bibliographic database of 850,000 papers, reports, articles. CJIE inexes professional journals.     }humanities database of Johns Hopkins. Some free journals. Project MUSE is a leading provider of digital humanities and social sciences content; since 1995, its electronic journal collections have supported a wide array of research needs at academic, public, special, and school libraries worldwide. MUSE books and journals, from leading university presses and scholarly societies, are fully integrated for search and discovery. MUSE currently includes: 369,846 articles and 832,211 chapters by 251 publishers.   }free searchable indexes, pay to see article.    }Look up historical texts without messy advertising on this site.   }Chapter 4: Abstracts and Indexes.  This chapter can be seen as a companion to Chapter 2 “Searching the Biological Literature”. Abstracts and indexes are used to locate articles, proceedings, patents, dissertations, books, and book chapters in various subjects. Because the literature of biology is so vast it should come as no surprise to find that there are many indexes offering access to that literature. This chapter annotates the major indexes and abstracts that cover general science and/or multiple subjects in biology. Those indexes that deal with narrower fields such as entomology or plant taxonomy will be covered in the appropriate subject chapter.    }Art enthusiasts can access the collection database for information about over 51,000 paintings and works inside the Met.   }note that this searches the entire NASA website.   }The Anthropological Index Online (AIO) is published by the Royal Anthropological Institute (RAI) in cooperation with Anthropology Library and Research Centre at the British Museum. It is an index to articles in journals taken by the Library and to films held at the Royal Anthropological Institute. The Library, which incorporates the former RAI library, holds some 4,000 periodical titles (1,500 current) covering all branches and areas of anthropology. Nearly 800 journals, published in more than 40 languages, are indexed on a continuing basis. Records cover 1957 to the present.   }the Internet Index. 2012 DL.  Replacement:   The Internet Index is an occasional collection of facts and statistics about the Internet and related activities. The Index is edited by Win Treese. Win is also co-author of the book Designing Systems for Internet Commerce, published by Addison-Wesley.   }new site for the Internet Public Library. 2012 DL. See above.    }The University of Pennsylvania’s book page provides listings for over 30,000 books, including author information and special lists for prize-winners, women authors and more.    }the Canadian yahoo site, listed as a good meta-index.   }the American yahoo site, considered a good meta-index.   }Use these indexes and abstracts to identify articles in journals. Some of these databases include the full text of articles, others provide only citations. If you do not find the full text of the article you are seeking, perform a title search in Orbis for the name of the journal to find out if Yale owns the particular volume you need. Search Online Journals and Databases (Use the inserted term or substutute your own search word).   }Internet service list. 2011 Update: This link now goes the the frontpage of SpectraCom Communication.    }546 links on this page. Indexes and Databases at the Univ. of Minnesota. The site is searchable; their collection is one of the world’s biggest. Many of the databases are open to the public.

V. Reference Books Online not previously listed-including archives.    }This electronic library provides free, downloadable copies of basic books on cybernetics and systems science. There are relatively few good books on the domain of cybernetics and systems. Moreover, many of those books are out of print, and therefore difficult to find. As part of the Principia Cybernetica mission of making cybernetics and systems thinking better known, we have decided to republish some of these books electronically, so that everybody can profit from their ideas. Most of the books we selected are broad in scope, non-technical, and require little or no mathematics.   }the Moby Thesaurus. On June 1, 1996 Grady Ward announced that the fruits of the Moby project were being placed in the public domain: The Moby lexicon project is complete and hasbeen placed into the public domain. Use, sell,rework, excerpt and use in any way on any platform.Placing this material on internal or public servers is also encouraged.The compiler is not aware of any export restrictions so freely distribute world-wide.You can verify the public domain status by contacting Grady Ward, 3449 Martha Ct., Arcata, CA  95521-4884. . A mirror of this information is also available at Project Gutenburg (you need to search for the MOBY project in Gutenberg's database).     }Get information on the seasons, weather, astronomy, gardening and more from The Old Farmer’s Almanac.    }Reference Library: dictionaries, slang dictionaries, dictionaries by subject, encyclopedias, time clocks and calendars, history and historical documents. Archived, but still very useful for any writer, such as student, teacher, researcher, etc.  55 links on the page.  Automated link checkers can’t generally be used on sites, but most of the links we checked still worked. Recommended.     }Table of Contents for this archived collection of writer’s tools. Most of the links work, and they go to archived copies of the original site(s).  One humorous note:  some of the scripts and such, are missing from the archived pages. So, we tried one of the spelling tests (on the tests and puzzles page), and the answer-checker didn’t work. We got all the spellings right, of course, and when we clicked on “check” it went to a page that said “you didn’t get any right!”. This TOC includes the Reference Library, above.   }Thousands of libraries, museums, and archives have contributed nearly a million collection descriptions to ArchiveGrid. Researchers searching ArchiveGrid can learn about the many items in each of these collections, contact archives to arrange a visit to examine materials, and order copies.   }Use the Archives Hub to find unique sources for your research. The Archives Hub enables you to search across a wealth of archives held at over 220 institutions across the UK.   }he Archives Portal Europe provides access to information on archival material from different European countries as well as information on archival institutions throughout the continent.   }Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology, external links page. Links to biomedical databases, search engines and related tools. 190 links on the page. Each links that we tested wa still current and working. In-depth biomedical reference page.    }Art students can search for artists’ names, museums, movements and titles of individual works.   }Open access to 784,441 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics. Highly Recommended.   }internet publisher of literature, reference, and verse providing students and researchers with access to books and information on the web, free of charge. May 2014 Update:     }Their link-list of online reference books.  April 2015 Update: on the front page is a drop-down menu, from where you can search about 40 reference books or websites. Above that are 4 tabs: Reference, Verse, Fiction, and Non-Fiction. Clicking on each tab displays the page with the sources, the Great Books, which they use for that category of searching. They have also here:    }the top 150 books published in English.   }Encyclopedia Britannica.     }free internet encyclopedia.  This is an encyclopedia composed of information available on the Internet. There are two main divisions. The MacroReference contains references to large areas of knowledge, FAQs where available, and pointers to relevant areas of the MicroReference.
The MicroReference contains short bits of information and references to specific subjects, sometimes with instructions on finding the specific subject inside a general reference. Each specific subject will reference its general subject in the MacroReference if one is present. To expand by saying the same thing slightly differently, the MicroReference is an alphabetically arranged set of links to information while the MacroReference is a thematic arrangement with an index.     }The following material is available for download from the CIIR. It is provided without warranty and without support. If there are problems accessing or using any of this material, we would appreciate being told (info at, in case we can address the issue.  PDFs about searching and “information retrieval” are available from this site for free.   }this site is like a more rigorous type of Wikipeida. It did fairly well in our hard search term test, finding 100@ relevant (to the search term) results immediately.   }this might be a good reference site, but it isn’t available to the public. Your campus library must be a Credo member, rough if you aren’t a student, teacher, or campus employee.   }DICT is a dictionary network protocol created by the DICT Development Group.[1] It is described by RFC 2229, published in 1997. Its goal is to surpass the Webster protocol and to allow clients to access more dictionaries during use.  From this search page, look for any word; the DICT program can search about 23 different dictionaries, including foreign language ones. In our tests, it did well on the medium-difficulty words, quie well on he easy words, and fairly well on the hard ones; but disappointing on the hardest word test.  Recommended.    }Information about U.S. cities and states, including city tours, festivals and more.   }find all instances of any file extension in this central registry of extensions.    }The Free Library, with 26,446,173 articles and books. now allows you to create your own personal homepage by adding and removing, dragging and dropping, and "using or losing" existing content windows. In addition, you can add your own bookmarks, weather information, horoscope, and RSS feeds from anywhere on the web. The Free Library is an invaluable research tool and the fastest, easiest way to locate useful information on virtually any topic. Explore the site through a keyword search, or simply browse the enormous collection of literary classics and up-to-date periodicals to find exactly what you need.    }Project Gutenberg offers over 50,000 free ebooks: choose among free epub books, free kindle books, download them or read them online. We carry high quality ebooks: All our ebooks were previously published by bona fide publishers. We digitized and diligently proofread them with the help of thousands of volunteers.No fee or registration is required, but if you find Project Gutenberg useful, we kindly ask you to donate a small amount so we can buy and digitize more books. Other ways to help include digitizing more books, recording audio books, or reporting errors. Over 100,000 free ebooks are available through our Partners, Affiliates and Resources.   }Files Repository. This is the new style PG file archive. You will find here all eBooks starting with #10.000 and some of the older eBooks too. Each eBook is posted in various file formats in one directory. To get to the directory of eBook #12345 you have to type: . File formats consisting of multiple files (like HTML files with illustrations) are posted in a subdirectory. File formats other than plain text will have a format-designator appended to the filename, as well as an appropriate file extension.   }history and science of electric stars.   }GCIDE is the GNU Project's publication of CIDE, the Collaborative International Dictionary of English. It is a freely-available set of ASCII files containing the marked-up text of a substantial English dictionary. (131,565 headwords and growing!) GCIDE is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.    }Information Please has been providing authoritative answers to all kinds of factual questions since 1938—first as a popular radio quiz show, then starting in 1947 as an annual almanac, and since 1998 on the Internet at Many things have changed since 1938, but not our dedication to providing reliable information, in a way that engages and entertains.   }access to more than 57,000 articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.  }read reference collection, univ. of Michigan. 2015 Update: “After 20 years of service, ipl2 is now closed permanently. You may continue using the ipl2 website. However, the site will no longer be updated, and no other services will be available.”   }Besides the reading room and reference resources, this site also has exhibits, a special collections site, and plenty of information for those interested in business, computers, science, health, government and more. 2016 Update: IPL has been down for some time now. Replacements:    }this is the archive of the University Of Michigan IPL, from when they were keeping parts of it alive;    }BASE is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources. operated  by Bielefeld University Library. As the open access movement grows and prospers, more and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. Currently in BASE: 82,451,092 Documents of 3,907 Content Sources.   You can access the full texts of about 60-70% of the indexed documents. The index is continuously enhanced by integrating further OAI sources as well as local sources. BASE is a registered OAI service provider and contributed to the European project "Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research" (DRIVER). Database managers can integrate the BASE index into your own local infrastructure (e.g. meta search engines, library catalogues) via an interface.   }collection of resources for the deep web, including books, videos, tutorials, podcast, blogs, etc.; a somewhat older site, some of the links are already dead (DL).   }virtual reference desk, Purdue University.    }Follow links to libraries and reference sites, or use the Library Spot to look up information, ask the experts, look up genealogy questions and more.   }Okawix is an offline reader that allow you to download the content of Wikimedia projects, with or without pictures, in order to then access it offline. Okawix's library includes the 253 languages of the various projects of the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikipedia, Wikisource, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks). Okawix is a free of charge and available under the GPL licence; its source code is available on the SourceForge project. Note that there are other free ways ( ) to download the Wiki files to your computer or smartphone. Some of those require that you download a large database, and you might have to “fool around” with it to make the application for offline wiki on your desktop, work. 2015 Update: the Okawix did not work as described or expected, so you might have some problems with it, on windows.      }This is the list of completed articles from the New World Encyclopedia. Updates are frequently made. Errors and suggestions can be reported using the feedback tab. Please click on an article link to view it or browse further by subject area or alphabetically. 200 category links per page.   }Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary . This dictionary did well in our tests; Recommended. Pronounces word.   }while not really academic in nature, this page is a massive link list of many kinds of “reference”, news, links to articles, dictionaries, etc. RefDesk compiles lists of links and references for those who want to look up history, weather, maps and atlases, the news, movie times, lottery numbers.   }virtual reference desk. 2011 Update: UMBC has taken down this site/page.   }Roget’s Thesaurus.   }virtual reference desk, u. of n. Carolina.   } is an absolutely mammoth search engine/portal that gives the searcher direct access to a wide variety of information and databases from the United States government, state governments, and local governments. This includes access to the Library of Congress, an A-Z government agency index, the Smithsonian, and more.   }see 113 virtual library collection.   }Digital Library and Archives online resources of Virginia Tech. DLA participates with other universities to develop and sustain the MetaArchive Cooperative. The Cooperative is a distributed digital preservation network that securely stores multiple copies of unique library collections at geographically dispersed sites around the world.    }Features: Search all Wikipedia related sites together. Search in 13 different languages. Different options for text, image and atlas search. Get results from all sources on one page. For more similar sites read our article “4 Search Engines to Search Wikipedia The Pro Way“. Check out Wikiwix @ . Recommended. You might be asking, what are “all the Wikipedia related sites”?  Eight of them are described here:   }has been the standard bearer of the Wikimedia foundation for long. Its user generated content powered by people like us has made it one of the kings of the information heap if not the absolute emperor. One would think that its 10 million articles spread out over 264 languages would be enough for an information gopher, but then there’s nothing like too much information. Perhaps that’s why the guys at Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit parent body have several other pet projects running. We often have given them a go by without realizing there niche value. 2015 Update: when you add wikwix as a search engine to Firefox, it loads the German page default, so there is an extra step to set it to English and return to the search page. A small flaw, but we wanted you to know.   }ARTFL's stable of databases is one of the largest of its kind in the world. The number, variety and historical range of its texts allow researchers to go well beyond the usual narrow focus on single works or single authors. The databases permit both rapid exploration of single texts and inter-textual research of a kind virtually impossible without the aid of a computer. For a description of the latest research developments underway at ARTFL, please visit our Research Blog.ARTFL's PhiloLogic system supports a number of searching options.  A user may search for a single word, a word root, prefix, suffix or a list of words created by the user. For example,one might search for the word liberté in the texts published between 1789 and 1794, or all of the words associated with "artist" --
artiste, artistes, écrivain, écrivains, poète, poètes, etc -- in the works of Zola.In many cases a researcher will not merely be interested in the occurrences of single words or lists of words, but where words occur in texts. Philologic allows the user to search for logical combinations of words and word lists.  One might, for example,search for all the occurrences of words associated with "artist" where words beginning with "fem" -- femme, femmes, feministe, etc. -- are found in the same sentence in the works of Zola.   }a collaborative project to produce a free-content multilingual dictionary. It aims to describe all words of all languages using definitions and descriptions in English. Wiktionary has grown beyond a standard dictionary and now includes a thesaurus, a rhyme guide, phrase books, language statistics and extensive appendices. We aim to include not only the definition of a word, but also enough information to really understand it. Thus etymologies, pronunciations, sample quotations, synonyms, antonyms and translations are included.

VI. Govt. Publications.   }AGRCOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access) is a database created and maintained by the United States Department of Agriculture. The database serves as the catalog and index for the collections of the United States National Agricultural Library, but it also provides public access to information on agriculture and allied fields.   }Find all kinds of educational resources, including a research catalog, online exhibits and U.S. Declaration page, right here.   }U.S.National Archives and Records Administration(NARA)Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Archival Materials for Electronic Access: Creation of Production Master Files – Raster Images.   }U.S. census bureau.  Economic and cultural information.      }consumer alerts and news about recalls, health care and other issues, study the U.S. economy.    }Department of State: Travel Info.   }Dept of Transportation: Check for Chronically delayed flights.    }From acid rain to human health to recycling, educate yourself on environmental issues from the  }Federal Government main site.  }U.S.Government Resources.   }u.s. govt. printing office. New Link:   }new location for the Printing Office.    }Internet Crime Complaint Center   }center for information law and policy, federal locator.     }Library of Congress.   } Browse exhibitions, educational resources, check out the American Folklife Center, copyright office, braille reading materials and more.   }u.s. legislative info.       }Check out the interactive map, learn about the country’s geological history; more.    }NonProfit Gateway: Federal Gov. Information and Services.    }The National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta), your gateway to information across DOE, provides access to all Science Accelerator content and more.    }Product, Food, Drug etc Safety/ Recall Information.    }Browse scientific topics like biology and nature, astronomy and space, earth and ocean sciences, computers and communication, and others.    }Social Security Administration.   }United Nations resources,Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guides. 148 links on this page.   } is an absolutely mammoth search engine/portal that gives the searcher direct access to a wide variety of information and databases from the United States government, state governments, and local governments. This includes access to the Library of Congress, an A-Z government agency index, the Smithsonian, and more.     }Created by an act of Congress in 1879, the USGS has evolved over the ensuing 125 years, matching its talent and knowledge to the progress of science and technology. The USGS is the sole science agency for the Department of the Interior. It is sought out by thousands of partners and customers for its natural science expertise and its vast earth and biological data holdings. We provide science about the natural hazards that threaten lives and livelihoods, the water, energy, minerals, and other natural resources we rely on, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. Our scientists develop new methods and tools to enable timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes.    }IRS    }WhiteHouse

VII. Subject Guides.  (see also e.g. the Astronomy Science Sites on Fall Harvest Edition )
Note: many of these links are to the webpages, that have all the subjects’ links by name or URL, that’s why this category isn’t organized by subject. Use 'search' (ctrl-f) and look for the subject you would like to find links to.   }When people communicate, they process vast quantities of information.  The Human Communication Research Centre (HCRC) is an interdisciplinary research centre at the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow that brings together theories and methods from several formal and experimental disciplines to understand better how this happens. We focus on spoken and written language; we also study communication in other media — visual, graphical and computer-based.   }the Ancient History Encyclopedia. Recommended. Ancient History Encyclopedia is a non-profit educational website with a global vision: to provide the best ancient history information on the internet for free. We combine different media, subjects and periods in interactive ways that will help readers understand both the "big picture" and the detail. Editorial review is a key component in our process to ensure highest quality.   }If you’ve ever wanted to learn more about meteorology, you’ll find lots of helpful guides on this site.   }a nice collection of academic subject guides, but some links here are old.   }Peter Gurmann’s page at the University of Auckland. Recommended. “My research interests cover the design and analysis of security systems and security usability, including the application of concepts from cognitive psychology to understanding how users interact with security systems, and whatever else happens to catch my interest. This is my new home page. My old home page is a lot more fun, but doesn't leave much room to present information on things I'm working on, so I've replaced it with this one.”   }this may be useful to read at some point. Publication rules.     }their free tools, such as Citation makers.    }their free trials. 30-day Trial for Educators: Teacher-librarians and other educators may complete the form below to request a 30-day free trial to share with colleagues and students at a school. Are you a student? Trials are not available to students (do not submit this form), but you can sign up for an individual account.    }this is not totally free but we Recommend it anyway. Product features: Our product overview explains the features included in a NoodleTools account. These include citation, annotation, source archiving, note-taking, outlining, collaboration, and expert help. Search solutions for tutorials.  Can’t find what you need? Submit a help ticket and we’ll be in touch quickly with answers. Remember to use the “Have a Question?” link in NoodleTools to submit citation questions.   }the VAST: Academic Video Online homepage. They say: “Titles in VAST are carefully selected to meet departmental needs and include documentaries, interviews, performances, news programs and newsreels, field recordings, commercials, and raw footage. You’ll find thousands of award-winning films, including Academy® and Emmy® winners, the most frequently used films for classroom instruction, newly released films, and archival material previously unavailable.”  There is also   }this page which shows the subjects you can browse or search. Academic Video Online is available by subscription to libraries worldwide.  All customers receive a subscription to The Media Hosting Service free.   }Request for a free trial. Please note: free trials are available to librarians and faculty only.    }This archive is being compiled to serve as a library of information about different artistic movements, art groups and specific artists. Its purpose is to educate people about the different movements and show people that there are other movements worth looking at, and specific artists that users may never have heard of.   }there are 25,687 pages and 9,423 images there.   }for instance, the have this traditional collection of reference and subject links, including language, style, and composition.   }1200 search utilities categorized (they claim).   }librarian’s index to the web from UCB. Current URL:   }it’s here now.   }Databases by Subject: Use this guide to identify library databases/indexes for a particular discipline or subject domain. Databases provide access to high quality information.   }the Main subject menus page for BUBL Link. This page contains and announcement that the site is no longer being updated as of April 2011.   }Argus clearinghouse for resource collections.     }Credo has curated ten Essentials Collections by subject, allowing subscribers to provide foundational scholarly titles to students and faculty while maintaining responsible stewardship of library resources. January 4, 2016, Credo, the industry leader for information literacy, critical thinking and research solutions, continues to roll out new and innovative content through its Essentials Collections, offering libraries diverse options to tailor their reference collections to the specific needs of their students, faculty, and library budgets. Essentials Collections are available for annual and multi-year subscriptions, and all titles are available for perpetual purchase. Frontlist and backfile purchase options are also available by title or as a Custom Collection.   }also has library databases. Good site.   }best cryptography primer on the Web. Highly Recommended.    }Find podcasts on books, music, the news, religion, technology and other subjects on this site.   }indexed collection of sources; and older resource from UCB; its new URL. Now owned by Logika Corp. in Chicago.   }”The Electric Universe theory highlights the importance of electricity throughout the Universe. It is based on the recognition of existing natural electrical phenomena (e.g. lightning, St Elmo's Fire), and the known properties of plasmas (ionized "gases") which make up 99.999% of the visible universe, and react strongly to electro-magnetic fields. Much of the material considered by the Electric Universe is peer-reviewed, but not all (see Speculative Theories, below).”    }This network has podcasts in the following areas: theatre arts, computer and technical skills, music education, information skills, math, second languages and a lot more.   }wordy stuff on discussion groups: autologue vs. dialog, interdisciplinary studies, ‘strange attractors’, etc. He says: “It is hoped that this exposition can help inform interdisciplinary approaches which arise throughout the world community. I offer the autologue as an adaptive meme capable of modeling the integration of the many THREADS of our disciplines into one tapestry, into the Net we cast to catch community. The beginning of understanding lies in the self-organizing community -- the memetic niche where culture and vitality meet and engage in the ongoing process of AUTOLOGUE.”   }from this website, you can watch full-length documentary films or videos, for free. The page shown is for the History documentaries. Note that all these are streaming videos. They comprise supplementary Subject Guides.   }you can find more History documentaries here.   }browse all the History documentaries here.  On this page   }are all their documentaries organized by Subject.    }this is the new URL for Galaxy’s links to science sites. 102 links on the page, and each link leads to at least dozens, up to thousands of sites. The old    }Turn to this site to learn or chat about JavaScript, PHP and other Web design and development techniques.   }may have what you need.    }Get vocabulary lessons and listen to textbooks in Latin and Greek.   }good page on electric galaxies. This work generally is endorsed by Anthony Peratt.   }history and science of electric stars.    }good page on electrically modified Newtonian dynamics.    }Use this site’s open courseware directory to find courses according to subject, notes, video, audio, software demonstrations.   }this was formerly The Human-Languages Page. “LoveLanguages is a comprehensive catalog of language-related Internet resources. The more than 2400 links at iLoveLanguages have been hand-reviewed to bring you the best language links the Web has to offer. Whether you're looking for online language lessons, translating dictionaries, native literature, translation services, software, language schools, or just a little information on a language you've heard about, iLoveLanguages probably has something to suit your needs”   }although we include this for medical and biomedical technology research, the journal articles are really more professional and commercial in source and audience, not academic.   }Inspire, the High Energy Physics Information System. Page shown is the “How to Search” page giving all the details. Highly Recommended for physics students or physicists.  “CERN, DESY, Fermilab and SLAC have built the next-generation High Energy Physics (HEP) information system, INSPIRE, which empowers scientists with innovative tools for successful research at the dawn of an era of new discoveries. INSPIRE combines the successful SPIRES database content, curated at DESY, Fermilab and SLAC, with the Invenio digital library technology developed at CERN. INSPIRE is run by a collaboration of the four labs, and interacts closely with HEP publishers,, NASA-ADS, PDG, and other information resources. INSPIRE represents a natural evolution of scholarly communication, built on successful community-based information systems, and provides a vision for information management in other fields of science.”  Here   }we show the results of our test, for the word “aurora”. We found that you have to be careful which search terms you use, and how you use them. It did fail in one of our hard tests, but we still Recommend it. Most of those results don’t seem to have much to do with an Aurora; clearly physical and chemical technical papers. However, there was this:     }”…This is in agreement with increased auroral activity identified in historical chronicles. This point to the likely solar origin of the event, which is the greatest solar event on a multi-millennial time scale, placing a strong observational constraint on the theory of explosive energy releases on the Sun and cool stars. “   }this site duplicates and updates many of the sites listed above.   }Hello and welcome to my free guitar lesson web site! There are many hundreds of free guitar lessons here, most with video and audio, and as you can imagine it's taken quite a lot of work for me to put it together. It's important to me to help everyone that wants to learn to play the guitar, not just those with money to spend on tuition, so I run it on an "honour system".   }web reference collection.   }VAST: Academic Video Online is Alexander Street’s flagship video subscription database containing thousands of video titles in a wide range of disciplines. Faculty and students will find content in VAST to meet their learning, teaching, and research interest in the following areas. 2013 Update:   }here is a video that shows you how use VAST.   }the Davidson College Library Research Guides. On this page, they present VAST with instructions for use.   }this is the site for those that are studying  Internet itself. Gives the complete history and much of the structure of the Net; great for students. Simple, clean, fast site. Also an excellent site for newbies to the web… information all in one place, that you’d otherwise spend hours with search engines, etc., trying to find.   }list and very brief description of people who made and developed Internet. (“Internet” is a acronym, hence don’t say “the” in front of it.)   }The Main Reading Room of the Library of Congress has eight alcoves. This ninth "virtual alcove" is a collection of websites selected and annotated by Humanities and Social Sciences Division subject specialists.     }Originally a fundamental undertaking by Swarthmore College, the Math Forum is now part of the School of Education at Drexel University. Resources for students and teachers. Internet programs and activities. Ask Dr. Math. Teacher2Teacher, Math Tools. Math Fundamentals, Pre-Algebra, Algebra and Geometry Problems of the Week. Topics in Math Education. Dynamic Geometry software experience. The site is the hub of the math education activity on the Web.       }This searchable and annotated library gives you quick and easy access to thousands of the best math and math education-related resources on the web. 58 links.     }the (math) problems and puzzles page. 49 links on the page. This is the replacement URL for the “Test and Puzzles” page on the TOC of the Writers’ Resource Center and Reference Library of Lee Anne Phillips, now archived. Her List has one link to a page of math puzzles, the list is links to puzzles of all kinds. That page is below in VIII: Other: Tools.     }the Resources And Tools page on The Math Forum, 31 links on the page.     }Math Tools is a community library built around interactive math tools that use such technology as Java, spreadsheets, dynamic geometry software, graphing calculators, iPads and more! Users can save favorites, rate items, and read and participate in discussions linked to each resource.     }this page is incorrect. This is the link to a “Mathematics (Science)” Library on the site. It goes to a former set of HQ links called Einet Galaxy. Einet Galaxy was "part of Galaxy's guide to worldwide information and services. Articles; Guides; Events; Collections; Periodicals; Discussion Groups; Directories; Professional, Academic, Government, and Non-Profit Organizations. Separate category listings for algebra, applied math, calculus, geometry, number theory, statistics, topology, and vector analysis. “.  The URL can still be found archived, but, not all the pages were archived, and, since galaxy is a search engine, an archived version of it wouldn’t work. So, the Replacement URL is     }on August 1, 2016, with 124 links of the page. Most areas of math that you might want to find, are here.  5,329 websites are linked to, in total.   }MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a web-based publication of virtually all MIT course content. OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity. “The idea is simple: to publish all of our course materials online and make them widely available to everyone.” Dick K.P. Yue, Professor, MIT School of Engineering.   }Computational modeling is the use of mathematics, physics and computer science to study the behavior of complex systems by computer simulation. A computational model contains numerous variables that characterize
the system being studied. Simulation is done by adjusting these variables and observing how the changes affect the outcomes predicted by the model. The results of model simulations help researchers make predictions about what will happen in the real system that is being studied in response to changing conditions. Modeling can expedite research by allowing scientists to conduct thousands of simulated experiments by computer in order to identify the actual physical experiments that are most likely to help.   ]the national library of medicine. Features a search of biomedical literature, a medical dictionary, news, articles, more.    }Trade and learn about stocks, read about investments, the economy and finance here.   Get the latest news, delve into the archives, and gain insight into the world’s culture, economy and politics.    }Free podcasts from universities like Columbia, Georgetown and the London School of Economics.   }View webcasts of lecturers and special speakers from Oxford, subject the Internet and online culture.    }Whether you’re an aspiring poet or a poetry enthusiast, listen to poems, learn about writers and more on this site.   }overview of subject area databases. This link is down for now; try the following:    }list of Princeton’s subject guides.   }more subject guides as list guides.   }musicians, music students, teachers: the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet.    }Biochemistry of Metabolism, Instructional materials for a studio-format course. Information for Students, including needed software. Subject Guide.  These materials are used to teach, in studio format, aspects of metabolism within the 2-semester Molecular Biochemistry course.    }a meticulously organized collection including the works of hundreds of composers and tens of thousands of pieces of classical sheet music. Download and print scores for piano, violin, ensembles, orchestra and choirs. Customers are free to use our sheet music for public performance. The Sheet Music Archive has offered free and subscription sheet music downloads for 10 years. We have a huge collection of over 22,000 classical music pieces, with over 100,000 total pages of sheet music!   }The “Telson Spur” site’s site map. Branch from there.    }linklist on math sites, etc.  Found under “Ideas”.   }the Social Science Research Network, link goes to their search page. Papers & Authors: Abstracts: 452,469, Full Text Papers: 366,285, Authors: 210,481, Papers Received in Last 12 months: 66,300.   }this is a mathematics question and answer site, one of the “stack exchange” family of sites. The page linked to answers questions about the kinds of infinity that there are. For any user of math, this site employs professional and academic mathematicians, and so on that basis would be Recommended. Unfortunately, they require sign-up and sign-in to blog. When you ask a question, the site makes it difficult for you to submit a question, and will arbitrarily refuse to answer valid math questions. Not Recommended.    }SF Site is composed of many pieces. Twice a month since July 1997, we have posted a mixture of book reviews, opinion pieces, author interviews, fiction excerpts, author and publisher reading lists and a variety of other features. At the same time, we've maintained a comprehensive list of links to author and fan tribute sites, SF conventions, SF TV and movies, magazines and e-zines, writer resources, publishers and small press sites and many other SF resources.    }The Home Page For Science Fiction And Fantasy. Each time I begin the process of considering what the next major version of the Web site will look like, I get the willies. Last time I tried, I kept losing count. The idea of figuring out where stuff is and where to put it during a revision gives me cause to pause, brew a cup of tea and pick up a book. I'll do it another time, I say to myself. While discussing this hesitation with a fellow Web site builder, we thought, why not put together a page which points to all the others? Even if nobody uses it, such a page can help map out for us what's where. Then browsing other sites, it was apparent that our brilliance was not exclusive. There are lots of site indexes, we just never noticed them. 653 links on the page.   }Access free resources for Spanish vocabulary, verbs, grammar, pronunciation and more, at three different levels.   }University of Houston Research Guides: find help with subject specific research, class assignments, writing and presentation, and other aspects of the research process.   }infomine: scholarly web resource collections. Link has changed, new one is:   }Infomine linklist page.  Update 9/11: Infomine is once again available at this URL:   }look for scholarly information in fields ranging from business to the performing arts in one easily accessible place. It performed well in our “hard test”. (Finding obscure information c.1920.) DL 2015.    }exceptional Internet based resources by subject category. Maintained by UMBC.   }Writing Studies & the University Libraries
A dynamic place with the goal of connecting those who teach Writing with ideas and techniques to integrate Library related tools, collections and services into your classes to improve student's library and information literacy skills;  includes article, concern over google books. “Three library associations have asked the Justice Department to oversee Google's plans to create a massive digital library to prevent an excessively high price for institutional subscriptions, the groups said on Thursday.”   web virtual library of subjects. Seems to have dated results and returns results from odd place, e.g. Burma.   }search from categories down to sources.  DL? (3/11)  2012 Update:  We don’t know why they took this page down. The best replacement we could find for it is:   }tools for people to leverage the information hunting and gathering activities of other people or groups of people on the World Wide Web. To date we have focused on taking advantage of the personal subject indices that are being constructed today with bookmarks or hotlists of widely available browsers and also on monitoring URLs that may themselves serve as living resources on particular subject areas.   }If you want to brush up on your understanding of American law and justice, listen to these classes.    }a wiki-type website for psychologists.

VIII. Other: Tools, Search Engines, and Resources not listed above.  (Also JKU Research List )   } The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public.   }This extension lets you rapidly fill up a bookmark folder and go through its contents one site at a time. Emphasis is on adding and removing with ease.   }the podcast central of the American Shakespeare Center. Mostly lectures, interviews, etc., we haven’t found any actual plays podcast here yet, but LOC or another like that would probably have them. See also…    }this is a handy site. Search by name of book or author, and if they have it, it returns the free book-notes and study-notes available online. In our test they gave results from Cliffs Notes, SparkNotes, BookRags, Novel Guide, Pink Monkey, Barron’s Book Notes, Grade Saver, and others. Links lead directly to book notes shown. Clean and easy to use, Highly Recommended by us. Good site.    }Listen to lectures from professors at Stanford and other colleges using this platform.    }Tests and Puzzles. 24 links to puzzles of all kinds. Some of these links are still good; if you find a DL we will gladly send you the new URL. Example: She lists "The Math Forum Internet Collection, Math puzzles, and other tests of your math-smarts.”, to a Swarthmore URL that is not in the Archive and not online, under the “Take A Test” sub-heading.  The replacement URL is above in Subject Guides, since it has info about math and links to sites that have math info, and so on.  The URL it occurs in is in Reference Books Online, above.    }From Darkness to Light, The cross-cultural dictionary of enlightenment that follows draws on the words of saints and sages from all centuries and paths. Behind all religions and spiritual paths is a perennial philosophy or ancient wisdom that reflects the Divine Plan for life, discussed in these pages.    }BASE is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources. BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. As the open access movement grows and prospers, more and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. BASE provides more than 90 million documents from more than 4,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60% of the indexed documents. The index is continuously enhanced by integrating further OAI sources as well as local sources. Our OAI-PMH Blog communicates information related to harvesting and aggregating activities performed for BASE. BASE is a registered OAI service provider and contributed to the European project "Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research" (DRIVER). Database managers can integrate the BASE index into your own local infrastructure (e.g. meta search engines, library catalogues) via an interface.   }podcasts from the BBC, you might find something Shakespearean here.   } This is a great site for learning about different cultures and planning a trip abroad. Get updated news and weather information around the world, as well as vocabulary lessons and other activities in languages like Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Greek and Chinese.   }Molecular Workbench blog.     }Molecular Workbench is a modeling tool for designing and conducting computational experiments across science. MW covers a range of topics, including:
Gas Laws, Fluid Mechanics, Properties of Materials, States of Matter, Chemical Bonding, Chemical Reactions, Electron-Matter Interactions, and Quantum Phenomena.    }Molecular Workbench (MW) is powerful, award-winning software that provides visual, interactive computational experiments for teaching and learning science. Now thanks to Google's generosity and the power of HTML5, we're bringing this versatile way to experience the science of atoms and molecules to Web browsers. Molecular models are the heart of Next-Generation Molecular Workbench. Next-Generation Molecular Workbench activities include one or more interactives, plus text, embedded images, video and assessments.!    }Science-fiction/fantasy publishing company Tor Books dropped a big bomb on the e-book world today by announcing plans to abolish DRM on its entire collection of e-books in early July. The shift will most likely appear seamless to consumers, as an official blog post on the Tor Web site mentions that DRM-free titles will sell at the same retailers that currently sell Tor's books, and will additionally appear on DRM-free-only e-book stores. The Macmillan-owned company also publishes titles under Forge, Orb, Starscape, and Tor Teen. Boing Boing, for one, expects that Tor's plan to drop digital-rights management tools might start a wave of other companies following suit, eventually leading to a world where e-book DRM no longer exists. Among Tor Books' most well-known titles are "The Wheel of Time" series by Robert Jordan, and the Ender saga by Orson Scott Card.
"Our authors and readers have been asking for this for a long time," Tom Doherty, president and publisher of Tor Books, said in a statement. "They're a technically sophisticated bunch, and DRM is a constant annoyance to them. It prevents them from using legitimately purchased e-books in perfectly legal ways, like moving them from one kind of e-reader to another."    }Table of contents and index for the Purdue Online Writing Lab.   }the OWL search box is on this page also. These pages will help you learn about the features of the new OWL at Purdue site, including printing, requesting copies, linking, reporting errors/problems, and navigating the new design. his resource will help you navigate the new OWL design. If you are still having problems finding the materials you need, please use the OWL's search box at the top of the navigation bar on the left side of the page or the OWL's Site Map.   }the Owl search box is on this page. These pages will help you learn about the features of the new OWL at Purdue site, including printing, requesting copies, linking, reporting errors/problems, and navigating the new design. There are many features of the new Purdue OWL. Learn all about using them here; you can find answers to common questions about the OWL at our FAQ.   }this is not what the URL makes it sound like. Diana Hacker was a master teacher and thoroughly innovative thinker. In her classroom, Diana identified the challenges students face in writing college papers, and in her handbooks, she provided advice to help student writers meet those challenges. Nancy Sommers , also a master teacher and a scholar in the field of composition, is an avid field researcher and an innovator in writing instruction.   }the alternative Archive site, mirror of Sometimes down. The Internet Archive is a complete snapshot of all web pages on every website since 1996. Since the average lifetime of a page on the Internet is 100 days, this snapshot is retaken every two months. The Internet Archive at the BA includes the web collection of 1996 through 2007. It represents about 1.5 petabytes of data stored on 880 computers. The entire collection is available for free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public.  at this link:   }This is the new Wayback Machine prototype. Any URL in ARC files accessible to this service can be searched above.   }their Intro page.   }this bibliography helper works well. It finds the book, magazine, newspaper, journal, etc., that you specify, and generates the bibliographical info for it, and then puts it into one of four standard formats. Apparently it will accumulate the bibliography for  you as well.   }a BBC podcast page, where scholars and interviewers discuss the history of ideas.   }The Bioinformatics Links Directory features curated links to molecular resources, tools and databases. The links listed in this directory are selected on the basis of recommendations from bioinformatics experts in the field. We also rely on input from our community of bioinformatics users for suggestions. Starting in 2003, we have also started listing all links contained in the NAR Webserver issue. Searches in the categories computer related, education, human genome, DNA, expression, and literature.    }Find cheapest used books, rare books, textbooks, new and out-of-print books
Compare book prices, including shipping, from over 100,000 booksellers worldwide. is a one-stop ecommerce search engine that searches over 150 million books for sale—new, used, rare, out-of-print, and textbooks. We save you time and money by searching every major catalog online, and letting you know which booksellers are offering the best prices and selection. When you find a book you like, you can buy it directly from the original seller; we never charge a markup.    }this site advertises, homework help, instant math, and 3,000 video lessons by experts. Top teachers, they say, but it is a subscription site, $30.00 per month, and so we cannot recommend it.  2015 Update: Note that the Bright Storm products are gone and the site will be down soon.    }GeoViews is a new Python library that makes it easy to explore and visualize geographical, meteorological, oceanographic, weather, climate, and other real-world data. GeoViews is built on the HoloViews library for building flexible visualizations of multidimensional data. GeoViews adds a family of geographic plot types, transformations, and primitives based primarily on the Cartopy library, plotted using either the Matplotlib or Bokeh packages. GeoViews objects are just like HoloViews objects, except that they have an associated geographic projection based on For instance, you can overlay temperature data with coastlines using simple expressions like gv.Image(temperature)*gv.feature.coastline, and easily embed these in complex, multi-figure layouts and animations using both GeoViews and HoloViews primitives, while always being able to access the raw data underlying any plot. GeoViews was developed by Continuum Analytics, in collaboration with the Met Office. GeoViews is completely open source, available under a BSD license freely for both commercial and non-commercial use, and can be obtained as described at the Github site.   }list of important copora in English, compiled by Mark Davies of BYU.   }The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) is the largest freely-available corpus of English, and the only large and balanced corpus of American English.  The corpus contains more than 450 million words of text and is equally divided among spoken, fiction, popular magazines, newspapers, and academic texts. It includes 20 million words each year from 1990-2012 and the corpus is also updated regularly (the most recent texts are from Summer 2012). The interface allows you to search for exact words or phrases, wildcards, lemmas, part of speech, or any combinations of these.  You can search for surrounding words (collocates) within a ten-word window (e.g. all nouns somewhere near faint, all adjectives near woman, or all verbs near feelings), which often gives you good insight into the meaning and use of a word. Failed to find a rarer word, but did well on a relatively uncommon word.   }Those wanting to go back to school will find this guide to accreditation a great help.   }Citation machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use.   }”Ask any homework question and get an answer from our subject experts in as little as 2 hours. Get expert homework help now!“ We haven’t tested or evaluated this site yet, but it is popular these days (Autumn, 2012).   }The Center for Theology and The Natural Sciences. “CTNS promotes the creative mutual interaction between theology and the natural sciences. The CTNS mission is carried out through three program areas: research, teaching and public service.  The central scientific focus of these programs is on physics, cosmology, evolutionary biology, and genetics, with additional topics in the neurosciences, technology, the environmental sciences, and mathematics. The central theological focus is on Christian theology, ethics and spirituality, with additional attention to the theological issues arising from the engagement between the sciences and world religions.”   }homepage for the Digital Library Federation. The goal of the network experience is to encourage a self-reliant, mutually supportive community engaged in continuous learning about e-research support. As E-Research Network members, institutional teams are given formal and informal opportunities for networking, resource sharing, and collaboration supported by CLIR/DLF’s organizational resources, as well as access to structured curricula, webinars, and personalized consultations. Through in-person meetings and learning activities, we hope to continue building an active and growing community of practice.   }the members of the DLF. A linklist for libraries with online collections/catalogs (see above). Found records at tested libraries immediately.    }Founded in 1451 by Nicholas V, the Vatican Library holds pivotal cultural documents from all of humanity; letters of the most important historical figures; drawings and notes by artists and scientists such as Michelangelo and Galileo; treaties from all eras, in all fields of learning, from all parts of the world. FITS is the format that has been adopted to digitize the manuscripts of the Vatican Library. Developed at NASA to store images, astronomical and astrophysical data, FITS was designed to guarantee long term preservation of documents. As well as memorizing images extremely faithful to the original, a FITS file can contain metadata, information regarding the manuscript (size, materials, ...), is free from legal restrictions, updated by the scientific international community, safe from viruses, and can be read by any image processing software. At present on the Vatican Library website it is possible to view approximately 500 manuscripts and 600 incunabula (books printed prior to 1500) in their digital format. Digita Vaticana is gathering funds to digitize and make the entire collection of 80,000 manuscripts of the Vatican Library available on-line.   }”This section contains a small database of software tools that have been used, classified and reviewed by linguists.  For information on choosing appropriate software tools see the Choosing Software page. To view software, choose the types you wish to view below. “   }”The Tool Room provides information about hardware and software tools available for linguists, many of which will help you to conform to Best Practice. Tools are divided into the categories of Software and Hardware. “   }MSN Encarta’s resource helps you translate, find verb tenses, spell correctly and learn about history.     }genetic search engine. The Ensembl project produces genome databases for vertebrates and other eukaryotic (having cells with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei) species, and makes this information freely available online.    }this is a unique science search engine. It does well in tests for biological, agricultrual, chemical, and related areas. Clean, fast site. The ... is specialized for info and search results in Plant Clinic, Sustainable Agriculture & Environment, Detection & Surveillance Technologies, Chemical Safety & Stewardship, Food Quality & Safety, and Science Strategy & Innovation. Recommended, especially for Agriculture students or researchers.   }VoodooPad Lite is the free version of VoodooPad. While not as powerful as the real thing, it still gets the job done. It's for those on a tight budget, or who just want to play around with VoodooPad beyond the 15 page limit without committing to it just yet. Keep your research organized and logical by taking advantage of VoodooPad's wiki links, collections, tags, aliases, and powerful search. Import research articles, class notes, and link to websites. Merge and split your information as it grows! VoodooPad for iOS is the mobile little brother to VoodooPad. If you need a wiki on your iOS device, this is the app you want. While not quite as powerful as its older sibling- VoodooPad for iOS does all the things you need, including syncing via Dropbox. VoodooPad takes advantage of Mac OS X's built in text system, so you get access to all kinds of text services like spell checking, and formatting options like multiple fonts and font sizes per page, kerning, rulers, and even text shadowing and strike-through.    }thousands of free science and computer e-books online that you can download.    }sample page from this site. These are the astronomy books. For students or learners, many of these contain the basic info you need to understand astronomy. Even if you're studying the Electric Universe or Plasma Cosmology model(s), you still need to understand basic, mainstream astronomy, including history, methods, tools, and techniques. They're necessary for you to understand how to do astronomy, and what the 'language' means. But, if you master basic mainstream astronomy, then you'll see how the discoveries of the EU modelers change some of the fundamental facts of what the universe consists of, and how it works. Example: the EM strength is 49 orders of magnitude stronger than gravity, and can be shown to behave the same ways on all the scales that apply to astronomy, i.e., from local planetary-sized to galactic-sized. The electric current that connect all the astronomical bodies and features, can be directly observed, as HST has shown us.    }the best free image-glossary. If you do image work, this is highly recommended, whether you use GIMP or not. We downloaded it. However, our associate Julie Éclair has developed a combined image-and-photography glossary, using terms from the GIMP glossary, as well as others, which you can use instead, if you wish to.   }networkx has a search feature and will sometimes find info that no one else does. “NetworkX is a Python language software package for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and function of complex networks. With NetworkX you can load and store networks in standard and nonstandard data formats, generate many types of random and classic networks, analyze network structure, build network models, design new network algorithms, draw networks, and much more.“  Here is the search page:,6   }this may also be useful; however sometimes the results that it finds will either be behind an academic password/pay wall or be a link to a book which is not available online. (Apologies for the inclusion of google here.)    }convert from xxxAH (islamic years) to christian years.     }search engine for biology and bioinformatics. Free engines are very rare on the Web. This is what we mean by a “free engine”: when results are returned, you can go to the page found and read the article, or at the very least the complete abstract for it, for free. Preferably, you can read the entire article for free. This is what is called “Open Access To” knowledge, science, research, etc. This is a 21st century movement in the research and science websites. Sites like, sciencedirect and wileyonline science, are fighting OATS and oppose Open Access. This is a Highly Recommended search engine.   }of course no collection of academic tools would be complete without a grammar website. As is painfully well-known, most students do not use the English language correctly, since their instructors and teachers don’t, either. Therefore, this might be the most important website on this List!  Highly Recommended for all students, faculty, and staff to use this site.   }this is a fun site. Enter a term by name or equation, and the page draws a graph of it for you, fast. Highly Recommended. It can make recommendations, will show a “random” graph if “+” selected, and if “_>” is selected, it will show the type of differential equation the graph is. Click on the camera to take a snapshot, page changes from white background to black background!       }Guns & Butter investigates the relationships among capitalism, militarism and politics. Maintaining a radical perspective in the aftermath of the September 11th attacks, Guns & Butter reports on who wins and who loses when the economic resources of civil society are diverted toward global corporatization, war, and the furtherance of a national security state. Bonnie Faulkner has produced and hosted this weekly, one-hour public affairs program on KPFA and WBAI radio stations which are part of the Pacifica Network, as non-commercial, listener-sponsored radio. Her show is pre-produced and covers many different subjects as noted above.  The program is also supported by the efforts of dedicated volunteers. They contribute their time to help with various aspects of the show and website.    }Access free e-books on this site.   }this is a PDF search engine, part of a html-pdf-webpage converter. Useful for students, scholars, and researchers.   }forum, blog, and discussion site suitable for students. New. We have tested this site and find it clean and mostly easy to use.    }MediaWiki Handbook: Contents, Readers, Editors, Moderators, System admins, Researchers. The Wikimedia meta-wiki.  This is a list of guides and single-topic help files for the MediaWiki software compiled at .  It is progressively being moved to the website. This help does not cover site-specific conventions, but covers the software only.    }A network of genes and proteins extends through the scientific literature, touching on phenotypes, pathologies and gene function. We report the development of an information system that provides this network as a natural way of accessing the more than ten million abstracts in PubMed. By using genes and proteins as hyperlinks between sentences and abstracts, we conver t
the information in PubMed into one navigable resource and bring all the advantages of the internet to scientific literature investigation. The network, called Information Hyperlinked over Proteins (iHOP), contains half a million sentences and 30,000 different genes from humans, mice, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, zebrafish, Arabidopsis thaliana, yeast and Escherichia coli. The iHOP server is publicly accessible here.    }search for books, music, movies, and more: InfoSoup is brought to you by OWLSnet, a consortium of public libraries in northeast Wisconsin. Use the links below to find contact information for your library, as well as their open hours. Be sure to stop by your library today - whether you're hungry for books, movies, music or answers, we're there to help!   }This is the only free semantic-search-engine left on the Web. State your question in normal English.    }in this somewhat easier test, this engine found some surprising results, such as a Glossary (below in Dcitionaries and Glossaries)   }Browse the collections and get information on how to borrow or order materials.   }”smart” list-making and –sharing website, free signup required.   }Set up an account for your school and give the students (and teachers) an easy way to visit the Internet. Links can be organized by topic, by classroom, or even by individual students. (Teachers, avoid that HTML programming class!)   }Khan Academy is an organization on a mission. We're a not-for-profit with the goal of changing education for the better by providing a free world-class education for anyone anywhere.  All of the site's resources are available to anyone. It doesn't matter if you are a student, teacher, home-schooler, principal, adult returning to the classroom after 20 years, or a friendly alien just trying to get a leg up in earthly biology. Khan Academy's materials and resources are available to you completely free of charge.   }this page shows the results of one of our tests, for the word “search”. Great for programmers, information scientists, mathematicians, Recommended for them. See their glossary below.   }Import your book lists from Amazon, the Library of Congress and WorldCat while you meet people who love to read.   }This smart site has books that can be viewed on your iPod, PDA or eBook reader, from poetry to romance to biographies.     }MediaWiki is a free software open source wiki package written in PHP, originally for use on Wikipedia. It is now also used by several other projects of the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation and by many other wikis, including this website, the home of MediaWiki.Use the links below to explore the site contents. You'll find some content translated into other languages, but the primary documentation language is English.    }GENATLAS search engine. The GENATLAS database compiles the information relevant to the mapping efforts of the Human Genome Project. This information is collected from original articles in the literature or from the proceedings of Human Gene Mapping and Single Chromosome Workshops. It is repertoried in three interactive directories GENATLAS/GEN, GENATLAS/ LINK, GENATLAS/REF. A series of graphical maps GENATLAS/ MAP is associated as well as a Comparative Map database edited by John H Edwards.   } This extension lets you rapidly fill up a bookmark folder and go through its contents one site at a time. Emphasis is on adding and removing with ease. Easily drag or add links to this sidebar or button and easily remove them for high-volume browsing.   } Wired-Marker ( is a permanent (indelible) highlighter that you use on Web pages. The highlighter, which comes in various colors and styles, is a kind of electronic bookmark that serves as a guide when you revisit a Web page. The highlighted content is automatically recorded in a scrapbook and saved. Wired-Marker is a freeware that was developed as part of the Integrated Database Project sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (development code name: ScrapParty) for supporting the construction of databases. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2006) Integrated Database Project "Integrated Database for Life Sciences" II-3 Technology Development for Curator Support.    }we are building a searchable, editable, and expandable collection of tunes, melodies, and musical themes. Musipedia uses the "Melodyhound" melody search engine. You can find and identify a tune even if the melody is all you know. You can play it on a piano keyboard, whistle it to the computer, simply tap the rhythm on the computer keyboard or use the Parsons code. Every entry can be edited by anybody. An entry can contain a bit of sheet music, a MIDI file, textual information about the work and the composer, and last but not least the Parsons Code, a rough description of the melodic contour.    }The NOAA environmental visualization laboratory. Page shown is West Coast Storm, November 17, 2015. This image was taken by GOES West at 2300Z on November 17, 2015.    }link list of the National Weather Service. Links to everything weather-related.    }the original PubChem search engine. This document provides tips and examples for searches of the three PubChem databases by text term/keyword, as well as tips for searching PubChem Compound by chemical properties. The Structure Search Help document provide tips on using chemical information for basic and advanced searches in the PubChem Structure Search tool. In addition, the PubChem Upload Help document provides procedures and instructions on how to deposit your structure/assay data into the PubChem system using the PubChem Upload tool. The PubChem Download Facility Help document describes how to use the PubChem Download Facility. Now there is also:    }the new (2016) PubChem search engine.   }National Science Teachers' Association (NSTA) science supply guide.   }the Wiley online library. Complete articles are not free, and they charge for them, but we have included this since is is a good science search engine, and with the results are also abstracts; and a sample of each article or document is shown. there, you can use search engines to find a different copy of the paper elsewhere online.   }Make a bibliography or works cited with just an ISBN. It's free, easy and fast. A bibliography based on looking up the data online. Webpage that would allow the reader/teacher to see the books, their covers, links to Amazon or other online references. OttoBib was created by Jonathan Otto in 2006 and his brother Nick started helping in 2012.   }world wide web virtual library: evaluation information gateway. (Click on Evaluation Societies on the left, not on the main part of the page.)   }Find public libraries in all  50 states, search this site.    }online library promises "faster, easier research." Browse by subject category or keyword to access book profiles, journals, magazines, free books. "Questia has helped students find and cite high-quality, scholarly research since its founding in 1998. Below is a complete list of everything Questia can do to help you write your next research paper."   }Turn your mobile phone into a digital copy machine with this helpful tool. Simply take a picture of a text document with your phone or camera and the program will help you translate it into PDF form. We include this since it is free.   }this is a novel science and academic search engine. It allows you to narrow the subject and search results down in steps. Did well in our tests, and was simple and fast; Highly Recommended.  }a source of Science podcasts. In our tests, the site worked perfectly and the podcast was interesting.   Here is one that we listened to:    }the 4 track mind.   }colorful Periodic Table of the Elements, adjustable in real-time. Very useful for studying Chemistry: Recommended.   }basic tutorials for academic online searches and search engines.   }the science images search engines. Performed well in our tests. Failed a hard test, but quickly found many images for an easier search term. Recommended. Image lightbox, and the images are for sale, as well.   }links and websites concerned with research and education for grades K-8, but useful for academic research also.   }this is a Highly Recommended science search engine. Search web, image, video, news, jobs, journals, and for wikis, textbooks, or pdfs. Did well in our tests.  }science search engine, did well in our tests.  Search through scientific literature, hundreds of accredited scientific journals, and plenty of specialized websites.  Highly Recommended.   }this did Ok in our tests. The web page is too bright for us, a lot of white space; it’s a poorly laid-out page, and the plagiarism checker is crude, but, it does work. Tells you what percentage of your pasted text is original, and then shows the passages which are not.   }the other one of the two best text summarizers online. Recommended. Above the text box you paste into, is a setting for how many sentences in the summary, we recommend 6.   }The citation  linker from the Texas Medical Center Library ( ).  If you know the DOI, this is the quickest way to find an article.   }discussion group for the classics. A directory of email discussion groups and listserv mailing lists concerning all aspects of Classics, classics education, Greek and Latin language study, and so on.   }one of the two best test summarizers online, as of 2014. The text box you paste into has settings below it, we had best results with “10” minimum sentence length and “4” minimum word length. Recommended.   }list of mediaeval discussion groups. Most of these are listservers.   }pretty good Latin translator. Works both ways, but doesn’t know what some of the Latin words mean.   }It is a hierarchical notebook to enter and manage ever every kind of notes and ideas in a structured manner. It was created out of the desire to let my own chaos of papers, notes, and post-it's vanish. Those items are useful but the chaos I produced was not. With TuxCards you have a tool at your hand to free your mind by creating notes using richtext and images. It has been proven to work on Linux, Mac and Windows.   }UberNote is a knowledge management tool enabling you to quickly store and access your content from anywhere. Easily submit notes using email, IM, and mobile devices or clip web content with the browser toolbar. If you use UberNote, all of your stuff is in one location.  Since UberNote is an Internet application, you can access UberNote from almost any computer.     }Collection of Language Software, Tools, Frequency Lists, etc.
Big page, 460 links, in these categories: Concordancers, Search Engines, Text-analysis Tools (some are free);  Web-browser-based Concordancers (some are linked to a specific corpus (e.g. the BNC), some can be used with your own texts); Concordancing Complements (including linguistic database programs & tools for treebanked corpora); Text Coding/Manual Annotation Programs/Text-analysis Tools & Search Engines; Word Lists, Frequency Lists (freely downloadable; Please mail me if you have lists which you can share with others.); Other Languages: Frequency & Word lists/ Stop lists  (if you have lists for other languages which
you can share, please let me know) - See also the section below on "On-line Dictionaries, Machine-readable Lexicons & Related Resources";    ; Word Frequency generators and Vocabulary Analysis software; Tools & Resources for Transcribing, Annotating or Analysing texts (inc. speech or audio-visual) (N.B. Visit this LDC site for a survey of annotation tools and formats/standards relevant to (speech) corpora, or see the section on standards here); On-line Dictionaries, Machine-readable Lexicons & related resources.  * See also the Language Archives index at the LDC and my listing of on-line searchable dictionaries on my Teaching &
 Misc Links page; NLP/Computational Linguistics Resources (incl. taggers, parsers, SGML/XML stuff); Most of these descriptions are taken from the respective web sites and do not represent my views. For an introduction to parsing methods and types of parser, click here; Taggers (and tools for other types of annotation---for various languages; mostly free) ; Format conversion Tools; HTML code strippers (for removing HTML tags from a saved web page, to feed into concordancers); Web Snaggers/ Web Crawlers for corpus-building (for grabbing web pages/entire sites for offline reading/processing); Fonts & Tools for Multilingual Computing; all from David Lee.   } Updated version, 0.19 of this awesome user script that compare prices from the most important online bookstores, with just a click...Added new bookstores:, Updated the others bookstores. Added flags.   }a life sciences search engine, but one that also found results in the physical sciences in our tests. Highly Recommended. Returned many results; fast and easy to use. You can also search for methods, techniques, and protocols.   }the Vatican Library. At the beginning of the 1950’s, most of the manuscripts were microfilmed.  The microfilms are housed at the Pius XII Memorial Library in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1981, the association American Friends of the Vatican Library was founded to stimulate international interest and support for the institution; the association supports the Library by financing scientific publications and other
projects. From 1982 to 1984, with the financial support of the dioceses of the Federal Republic of Germany, new stacks were built for the manuscripts underneath the internal courtyard of the Library. In 1985, with Prefect Leonard E. Boyle, manual cataloguing was definitively replaced with electronic cataloguing; in the following years, the data contained in the old card catalogues has been converted to electronic format. In September 2002 the new Periodicals Reading Room, where the most important material is available to
readers on open shelves, was opened to the public. At present the Vatican Library preserves over 180,000 manuscripts (including 80,000 archival units), 1,600,000 printed books, over 8,600 incunabula, over 300,000 coins and medals, 150,000 prints, drawings and engravings and over 150,000 photographs.   }WebCite®, which used to be a member of member of the International Internet Preservation Consortium, is an on-demand archiving system for webreferences (cited webpages and websites, or other kinds of Internet-accessible digital objects), which can be used by authors, editors, and publishers of scholarly papers and books, to ensure that cited webmaterial will remain available to readers in the future. A WebCite®-enhanced reference is a reference which contains - in addition to the original live URL (which can and probably will disappear in the future, or its content may change) - a link to an archived copy of the material, exactly as the citing author saw it when he accessed the cited material. (neologisms theirs.)   }this is supposed to tell you about specific researchers, in addition to showing you their list, or allowing you to add someone, but, it failed badly in our search tests, didn’t find one prominent and well-known scientist in his field, and didn’t find a well-known former professor emeritus from U. of Chicago. FYI.   }”We unconsciously use grammar all the time when we use language for speaking, listening, reading and writing. If we want to improve our English language abilities, there is no escape from addressing grammar issues.”  As is painfully well-known, most students do not use the English language correctly, since their instructors and teachers don’t, either. Therefore, this might be the most important website on this List!  Highly Recommended for all students, faculty, and staff to use this site.      }My name is Russ Baker. For more than two decades I have been an investigative journalist, doing what I believed journalists were supposed to do — seek the truth and publish nothing less. Over the years, however, I have learned how the media gatekeepers, both “mainstream” and “alternative,” will not allow the biggest, most disturbing revelations to see the light of day. I started WhoWhatWhy because I was tired of the cynicism, self-interest, and cowardice that I witnessed in the news media. I started WhoWhatWhy to show how good — and how consequential — journalism can be when the only mandate is to dig relentlessly, and reveal, without exception, what we uncover    }Welcome to Meta-Wiki, the global community site for the Wikimedia projects and the Wikimedia movement in general. Meta-Wiki's discussions range from coordination and documentation to planning and analysis of future Wikimedia activities. Other meta-focused wikis such as Wikimedia Outreach are specialized projects that have their roots in Meta-Wiki. Related discussion also takes place on Wikimedia mailing lists (particularly wikimedia-l, with its low-traffic equivalent WikimediaAnnounce), IRC channels on freenode, individual wikis of Wikimedia affiliates, and other places.    }ultimate wiki search engine. This searches wikipedia, wikisource, wikitionary, wikiquote, wikibooks,wikispecies, wikiversity, and commons, each selectable. Recommended. Did well in our search tests. Sometimes the results are in German, and sometimes the results are in a mix of German and English.    }wise geek claims “clear answers for common questions”, and then gives a large list of such questions. Goes to their Categories page.   }search the wisegeek  site from here. Sorry about the “google custom search”, but it searches the whole website for your question and their answer(s);  and there are more than 60,000 of them.   }the wolfram search engine. This website recommends itself, and considers itself to be an important science search  engine. We weren’t impressed. It did Ok in our tests, however, sometimes returned results which weren’t really relevant to the search term(s), but which were instead about other parts of the wolfram websites. Site features descriptions about descriptions, etc., as much of science today does. Wolfram is strong in math and computation areas, but included here as a fair science search engine.  }this is THE Benjamin Franklin search engine. A comprehensive, one-stop site that includes carefully curated educational resources, Franklin's own writings and proverbs, and tens of thousands of websites scattered throughout cyberspace. Befitting this founding father's leadership in establishing the country's first public library, this free site, in honor of his Tercentenary.   }so, this is THE Shakespeare search engine. If you’re into the Bard, this is the site for you.    }this site has grammar, spelling, and plagiarism checking tools for the writer or student, but, we don’t list pay-sites!  Sorry.   }technology podcasts from ZDNet.

IX. Language Tools: Dictionaries, Glossaries, Learning sites.
There are also language and linguistics links, including some dictionaries or glossaries, on Jae Kamel’s URLs Part Deux , and on Jae Kamel’s URLs Fall Harvest Edition  .  2017 Update: Note that the Wine and Food Glossaries have all been moved to The Groundhog Edition under II. More Social Issues.    }Jewish Dictionary, including sayings in Yiddish and Hebrew.     }Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems. This dictionary is a combination (with permission) of the ASC Glossary, Krippendorff's Dictionary and Hornung's Glossary. The author of each definition is mentioned at the end of a section. References to authors without hyperlinks can be found in the references of the ASC Glossary page. The original texts were compiled and converted to hypertext by Francis Heylighen, helped by An Vranckx. This dictionary is provided as part of Cybernetics and Systems Theory in the Principia CyberneticaWeb, which contains additional definitions of some concepts not found here.   }in our tests, this was unquestionably the best acronym finder online. Its only drawback is that it doesn’t tell you any more about what the item it, so then you still have to look that up in another dictionary; however, you will find all of those here.   }psychology “dictionary”, over 450 terms, find by alphabetical or search. The site search on the page is not powered by google, so we Recommend this site. Works faster and more reliably than the other two psych dictionaries in our tests. Note that it is not a dictionary, but rather an encyclopedia which shows articles written about or containing the search term.   }search 1,065 English dictionaries at once. Note: The Alpha Dictionary search box is in about the middle of the page, so look carefully at this very crowded page. (Why do they do that to web pages?) The search box above it, just goes to Onelook, already our favorite quick-find site for words. The Alpha Dictionary is very good, and we recommend it. Results appear in pop-up window. 2017 Update: we often prefer the Metaglossary over the Onelook site, depending on the word or phrase sought.    }From the Okanagan University College, Words Of Art, An On-Line Glossary Of Theory And Criticism For The Visual Arts, Courtesy Of The Department Of Fine Arts In The Faculty Of Arts And Education At OUC,   }Glossary of French Cooking terms. Don't know what that French word in your cookbook means! Well maybe the Recipenet Glossary has the definition. We will be updating this glossary on a regular basis so if it's not here now check back again soon. If there are any definitions not listed here that you would like to see listed, just let us know at our email address.     }Etymologies of Philosophical Terms.  A good list of about 20 terms.   }Historical Glossary; on 5 pages.    }a Glossary of the Humanities. The site was abandoned, and became archived, before all the terms and references were finished.     }Lexicon of foreign words in philosophy texts. 692 terms.     }3 glossaries available here. 1. Radar Meteorlogy Glossary (MIT), For those of you who want to know anything about radar meteorology, this place is for you. 2. Storm Spotters Glossary of Weather Terms (NOAA), A very comprehensive glossary of weather terminology Included are selected schematic figures depicting features of tornadic thunderstorms.  3. Tropical Cyclone and Hurricane Glossary (USA Today), A list of definitions for terminology commonly used in describing tropical storms and hurricanes.   }Glossary of Selected Social Science Computing Terms and Social Science Data Terms. This glossary includes terms which you may find useful in managing data collections and providing basic data services. It does not attempt to cover all social science research terms or all computer terms. The definitions used are meant to be helpful in a data library environment. Terms that are defined in the glossary are highlighted in boldface in the definitions.     }Timber glossary online. Over 100 terms on the page. Commercial, not ecological, viewpoint.    }Wing Chun Glossary.
This glossary is meant as a pronunciation guide to the terms used in Wing Chun; it's not meant as a guide to proper spelling. Though these words are always pronounced the same, there's no "correct" way to write them in English--which has led to many variations in spelling. The People's Republic of China has modernized and standardized how Chinese is written in English, but this system isn't in widespread use by Chinese outside mainland China. China's official dialect is Mandarin--the way the language is spoken in the Northern capital of Beijing. Many Southern Chinese speak a dialect known as Cantonese--the chief dialect of Hong Kong, and of Wing Chun. Tones are everything in Cantonese. A word can have the meaning of "grandmother" or "horse", the only difference is in the tone!  The only way to learn to pronounce these tones properly is by listening to and imitating someone who speaks Cantonese. Vowels are pronounced "a" as in father, "ai" as in high, "e" as in "send", "i" as in "sick", "o" as in "rock", "u" as in "sun".   }a pretty good art dictionary, but it lacked examples and illustrations. Gives the meanings of the terms correctly, though.    }Art Glossary, from The Art History Archive: Terminology. Glossary of Terms Used in Timber Harvesting and Forest Engineering.   }here’s the site for an online computer dictionary. It is a little bit dated, which makes it useful for finding some of the older terms which, as a result of having become “standard”, aren’t defined in the newer dictionaries. Drawback: when it gives a definition, it goes through google first, then you link back to the dictionary itself. It does this since the site hosts three different dictionaries: legal, medical, and computer. In our test, it chose to give us the medical dictionary for a definition of “scan” and “scanner”, even though we entered it into the computer dictionary’s search-box.    } a Mitosis glossary, and a cell biology glossary, both on this page. 87 terms on the page.   }gives a very good set of dictionaries’ definitions. In our test, it surprised us by including one from Ambrose Bierce’s Devil’s Dictionary. Here’s the link for that test:    }scroll down about 2/3rds of the page to find the Devil’s Dictionary entry.    }Jae Kamel’s Dictionary, Glossary, and Encyclopedia 2015.   }This webpage contains an alphabetical glossary of literary terms and their definitions. It focuses particularly on the material I most frequently teach (classical and medieval literature, the history of the English language, and science fiction narratives). Because the list is fairly lengthy, I have subdivided it into several pages. Hunt for the term you want alphabetically within each letter's webpage. You can supplement this knowledge by looking in the glossary in the back of your literature books, in dictionaries, and online more generally. Do note that entries marked with a tiny construction barrier ()or the abbreviation TBA ("to be announced") are still in the process of being written or revised, so these entries will change as I polish them.   }a lexicon of English-language cognates; that is, words related by common origin. In English many words are formed from compounds of two or more word stems from the original language. In the great majority of words listed here in this lexicon, those original words stem from ancient Latin and Greek. For example, helicopter and pterodactyl both contain the root stem pter , which means wing in the original Greek.    }Glossary of critical thinking terms. About 30 terms.    }Glossary of Math terms. Link goes to 'A' page.   }Duolingo is a free version of Rosetta-Stone that delivers the same results: teaching you another language. Regular use of the site can have you speaking and writing Spanish, English, German, French, Portuguese and Italian in a matter of months depending on the diligence you put into it.   }”a dictionary of words and phrases on the verge of extinction”.   }Esoteric Glossary. This glossary is the result of networking and joint effort of many readers of Signs of the Times  and other web sites sharing similar point of view, namely that Knowledge Protects.  You can either type in the word you are looking for in the box below, browse by letter or use the random button for some fun learning. Failed our hard-search-term test, as did many dictionaries here. However, it did have the hard search term explained under another term “Food for the Moon”:     }Recommended.   }a good digital imaging tutorial, not so simple as to be useless and insulting. Most glossaries and tutorials online are too oversimplified and “dumbed-down”.   }This is the best glossary of cryptography that we’ve ever seen online, and maybe offline too!  Highly Recommended, and that’s our highest rating. Everything you could want to know.   }nice set of different language links from the usual ones that you see.   }Bilingual Cross Cultural Language and Academic Development.     }This Semantic Atlas provides the geometric representation of the meaning of a word in English synonym dictionary.  The "Standard Search" offers synonymy links. The "Enriched Search" includes more semantic relations.    Enter a word or a list of words separated by a plus sign (for example, see+look for+understand). You must use lowercase letters unless the uppercase is necessary (as in capitalized words like God). Did well in our tests: Recommended.   }this is the online talking dictionary, and it works.   }The number of terms of psychology: 3,683.  Pages: 148 (Browse) psychology terms. Arranged alphabetically, it give a brief def. in the list, click “more” for full def. Site works reasonably well, but has no term-search, which we consider a serious drawback. However, using Ixquick Site Search we found terms there easily. DL 2014.  2017 Update: finding a replacement for that has been challenging. Most of the online psychology dictionaries or glossaries are lame, in various ways. Here is one of the better ones:   }The Online Psychology Dictionary defines and provides examples for 521 psychology related terms.  Also, the archived copy of the best one:   }most recent update was 2sep13.      }This site includes a thesaurus, encyclopedia and other resources.    }This is a glossary of terms specific to differential geometry and differential topology. The following three glossaries are closely related: Glossary of general topology, Glossary of algebraic topology, Glossary of Riemannian and metric geometry. See also:  List of differential geometry topics.  Words in italics denote a self-reference to this glossary.   }their page; we tested the French translator and it did work.   }this site works well for most common terms.  It did fail our hard word test, but, it was a very hard test, so, we Recommend this encycopedia.    }Glossary of Climate Change Terms from the EPA. All terms one one page, fewer than 100 of them.   }you can hear Esperanto spoken on this page.     }the Esperanto Toolbar for firefox.   }online etymology dictionary, but with very limited word list. Says 30,000 words.  That is, it won’t have some of the words you want, but then will surprise you with the ones that it does have.   }EU translation tools.   }good site, since you can find the definition of a word, or translate it from one language to another, or both.    }a new, HQ dictionary site. Includes a dictionary/thesaurus, Medical, Legal, and Financial dictionaries, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, and Wikipedia. Sources for each online dictionary are stated on their pages, organized into tabs. Recommended. Our recommendation would be higher, but it has too many ads crowded into the word definitions. Did poorly in our hard test, well otherwise.    }variety of translations and definitions. Has several translators on the page but some redirect to advertising pages or to the translator’s homepage, etc.   } webpage translator this one works.   }listed as an Internet Acronym Dictionary, this one is actually like a texting-acronym dictionary. It has all those old terms, which BTW were around long before there was texting, and some of which have been changed by texters. We thought this might be useful to you.   }a glossary of internet terms. It seems reasonably up-to-date.   }this is the talking glossary of genetic terms.,2/   }glossary of spiritual and religious words.    }math glossary; simple definitions for the terms, not a large glossary. Site easy to read and use.     }Green’s Dictionary of Slang Online is launching on 12 October 2016.  The OED of slang (53,000 headwords, 110,000 slang terms, 410,000 examples of usage).   }the american sign language dictionary. Yes, of course they use little videos to show you how the words are signed.    }The ASL manual alphabet chart.  The one-handed American manual alphabet is a set of 26 manual alphabetical letters, corresponding to the English alphabet. It is used to fingerspell a string of the alphabetical letters of a certain English word, person's name, etc. The American manual alphabet with a few modifications is derived from the French manual alphabet of the 18th century. Its cognates can be found in other signed languages' manual alphabets. For example, the German and American manual alphabets are similar; however, ASL and German Sign Language are completely different. Photos of hands, not drawings.   }online dictionary based on wordnet  1.71 database.    }The ranks of word frequency were calculated by running word list in wordnet dictionary database against a few popular search engines from 2002 - 2003. It basically uses search engine index databases as corpus. The size of the corpus ranges from 1 billion to 4 billions.  A link to our online wordnet directory is provided for words which have the frequency rank above 2,000.   }the ICANN, many Net-related terms and acronyms defined. Organized alphabetically. Select your language at the top of the page, 10 choices including Chinese and Japanese.   }new, thorough business term dictionary. Recommended.   }their computer hardware and software dictionary-glossary. About 28 pages long. Sep. 2012 Update: the URLs for all these Javvin dictionaries appear to be down, a huge loss for those wanting technical defintions of technical terms that they can use!  We have tested several sites claiming to have definitions of computer and technical terms, and most of them were really pitiful, we would never list them here. The loss of these Javvin dictionaries is very bad news. Replacement:   } A compilation of computer glossary terms. You can consider this as an online computer dictionary. Some of the following pages are large files. It may take some time to load them onto a browser. And:   }their IT tech encyclopedia. This has all the software and hardware definitions that Javvin did, plus lots of related links.    }network security definitions. A long list, about 34 pages long. Sep. 2012 DL. Replacements:   }a few network security definitions here. And:   }internet and security terms glossary, in alphabetical order. This isn’t as technical or thorough as the Javvin was, but each definition’s page has related links on it. And   }tutorial overview of network security. And:  }overview and definitions of network security terms, with diagrams, and outline at top.   }Network Protocol Suite Directory and Index. Network communication is defined by network protocols. A network protocol is a formal set of rules, conventions and data structure that governs how computers exchange information over a network. In other words, network protocol is a standard procedure and format that two data communication devices must understand, accept and use to be able to talk to each other.  Scroll down for terms. Sep. 2012 DL. Replacement:  }has the networking terms defined on one page, then many related links on the left side. For example here:   } Networking Protocol Suites at the Network Layers.   }wireless terms dictionary and glossary. Several pages long. Sep. 2012 DL. Update: See note above. Most “tech” terms websites are very, very disappointing, including Wikis. Replacement:   }this is the best replacement, with over 10,000 wireless and related terms.   }for those of you who like redundant lists, here’s a list of subject-specific dictionaries from Johnson and Wales University. That is, they list some of the same dictionaries that we do here and elsewhere, and many of the rest of theirs are dead links.   }Luciferous Logolepsy, dragging obscure words into the light of day, a collection of over 9,000 English words, arranged alphabetically.   }a short glossary, but shows key concepts from graph theory and Python about their subject.    }The Larousse Dictionary.       }The Leo dictionary. Simply enter your phrase or idiom in the search field. If the dictionary cannot find a satisfactory match for your search terms, the phrase or idiom is probably not contained in the dictionary. So you want to know the third person plural past perfect of a verb? No problem! Simply click the table icon   (if available) and you will see the complete conjugation table for the verb. If the formatting of a page looks funny or something is not working as it should, try clearing your browser cache by pressing Ctrl+F5. More details on how to clear your browser cache can also be found on  wikiHow. Has also “mobile” apps, browser tools, windows tools.    }a comprehensive set of resources for study of the languages of the world. Site Recommended.  141 links on the page.   }this site has word frequency lists (links from Alpha Dictionary) and other fun products. They specialize in translating words and creating custom word lists of them; translate from virtually any language to any other in any specialization; create specialized word lists, including word frequency lists, some with parts of speech, as well as glossaries and custom dictionary databases. 2016 Update: "We regret to announce that, after ten years of operation (2004-2014), The Lexiteria is closing its doors. We sincerely thank all of our customers for their business over the past decade. We have thoroughly enjoyed serving you.
Lexiteria's assets are for sale, including word lists for 40 languages, spellcheck lists for 25 languages, 2- and 3-gram lists for 18 languages, and all the proprietary and nonproprietary software used in producing them. Use our contact page for more information. Lexiteria's free, interactive language website,    }will remain in operation for the foreseeable future.    }It can be considered as one of the widest, if not the widest, linguistic resources which are currently available online, and it is totally free of charge. You can find more than 8 million words translated into 232 different languages. The consultation process is intuitive and can be personalised. The main feature of this project is its on-going and growing development thanks to the joint work of many translators, linguists and enthusiastic people all over the world together with the Logos clients. This is a never ending project which will always be perfectible, and therefore living. In order to cooperate actively, it is necessary to log in as Professional Users and to get in touch with the staff ( to get the proper privileges that vary depending on your own linguistic background.    }Online Biology Dictionary is a free, concise, illustrated dictionary of biology and medicine. The entries are listed alphabetically, which allows you to find the biology terms your looking for even if you're not sure about their spellings. Of course, you can also use the dictionary's automated term finder. Terminology is added to this dictionary on an ongoing basis. To search alphabetically for the meaning of a term, click on its first letter.  The finder also works as a reverse dictionary. For example, searching with yellow will locate such terms as elastin, bilirubin, xanthochroia, and xanthous, which have the word yellow in their definitions, as well as the prefixes chloro-, flavo-, ictero-, luteo-, and xantho-.   }this site is a good, readable, illustrated mathematical glossary or dictionary. You can select categories and level of education. Highly Recommended.   }online encyclopedia of writing systems and languages. Many foreign language dictionaries’ links here;  2,168 links on the page.    }link-list for the world’s sign languages, including but not limited to the American, British, and Australian Sign Languages. 303 links.   }page has links to multi-lingual computing, that is, Unicode, and to useful phrases in multiple languages with sound files.  1,278 links on the page.    }Glossary of Biological Terms from The Biology Place. One page per letter. Simple definitions to many basic terms. Some words have etymology or pronounciation. Recommended.   }the Plasma Dictionary. Update 8/2011: This site has had restrictions imposed on it by the government, plus a redirect.  2016 DL. Replacement:           }In response to many inquiries for a list of plasma terms, LLNL's Science & Technology Education Program working with Robert Heeter has created a database driven website just for this purpose. This simple dictionary allows users to submit new terms, search for specific terms or browse alphabetic listings. Plasma scientists are encouraged to add terms and definitions.   }their translation dictionaries.    }this site is a good, readable, illustrated mathematical glossary or dictionary. You can select categories and level of education. Highly Recommended.    }find definition of a term from the entire web. A slight improvement over  , our previous favorite. 302 links on the page for our test-term. For ASL, some of the links go to paysites.   }an idiosyncratic etymological dictionary, with a limited word list, similar to the other one.   }gives human translations for words and phrases in many languages, first, and then gives machine translations as second choices. Highly Recommended.   }the NWS glossary. “This glossary contains information on more than 2000 terms, phrases and abbreviations used by the NWS.”   }NASA glossary of terms about the Earth’s magnetosphere.   }the meridian-webster medical dictionary, from the national library of medicine.    }Protected Resources Glossary, more than 100 terms. Includes fisheries, law, environmental, and biological terms.    }glossary of solar-terrestrial terms.   }formerly, our favorite regular dictionary.    }glossary from the human genome project; of genetics terms. Recommended.   }Human Genome Acronym List, maintained by HGMIS for the U.S. DOE Human Genome Program.   }glossary of photography terms, including digital. Clean, easy to read and use, Recommended.   }The Glossary of Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Research. 2016 DL.  Replacement:   }The Glossary of Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Research.  This Glossary seeks to provide plain-language definitions of over 3600 frequently used technical terms in Plasma Physics (all areas) and Fusion Energy Research.   }a good rhyme finder. There are several, and this one works well.    }a pretty good translator, one powered by so-called artificial intelligence.   }free rhyming dictionary. It works Ok, but we defeated it with the word ‘geas’.    }This is a glossary of arithmetic and Diophantine geometry in mathematics, areas growing out of the traditional study of Diophantine equations to encompass large parts of number theory and algebraic geometry. Much of the theory is in the form of proposed conjectures, which can be related at various levels of generality.    }site has the encyclopedia of psychology and religion, view for free. At this site,    }you can buy the book for $949.00.   }the Online Film Dictionary. Translate any film or theater term from one language to another, or from one into several. In our tests, it displayed the selected terms in English, Spanish, German, and French all on one page, light-blue background. Recommended.  For definitions of film terms, see Julie Eclair’s Multimedia Glossary.    }Stella's Polyhedral glossary. This glossary contains terms relating predominantly to polyhedra and stellation theory in three dimensions. I'm afraid you'll have to look elsewhere for anything relating to higher dimensions!     }On-line Dictionary of Combinatorics.  This "On-line Dictionary" is meant to be a living document. It will be expanded, revised and corrected frequently. Requests for new entries and corrections should be sent to .    }Find all types of resources, dictionaries and reference guides for specialties like computers, the law, religion, philosophy, word games, writing, translation and more.   }at this site they have, ironically, a good non-technical dictionary of computer terms. In our test, they had scanner but not scan; and no technical data on scanners, and no examples, either by type or company. Somewhat better than most; when we were using “sampling”, as basic term in digital tech of any kind, for our tests, in which most sites failed miserably.     }Japanese-English Glossary of Zen Terms, Compiled by Gábor Terebess.   }new, fast dictionary with encyclopedic results. Recommended. This dictionary is also in foreign languages and translates words. It also has “mobile” apps:    }also context menu browser add-on, and windows desktop assistant.   }a pretty good Latin translator.   }contains short encyclopedias of astronomy, scientific biography, chemistry, and physics.   }physics dictionary/encyclopedia, look-up by first letter of.   }the science dictionary, although it failed one of our hard tests.    }Esperanto primer downloadable from here. Sign-in with FB or e-mail.   }language site on the Web: massive links.   }very good video glossary. Technical concepts in plain English. Highly Recommended. We think you’ll find that this is the best one.    }the videolan dictionary. Some terms are left undefined in the “dictionary”, actually a glossary, but which appear on other Lists which we have provided to you. They do a good job, though, of defining technical terms in plain English, and we Recommend it.   }A fully cross-referenced English glossary of linguistic and grammatical terms. Each grammar definition contains an explanation and cross-references to other relevant grammar terms. Search the glossary from this page.     }Virology Glossary, This document copywrite 1995 by Carlton Hogan and University of MN. Permission to copy and distribute granted to individuals and non-profit group. All terms on one page and fewer than 100 of them.    }Glossary of Complexity Theory.   }Introduction to WordNet: An On-line Lexical Database.     }here is description of Esperanto: grammar, language structure, learning guides, everything. Learn Esperanto from here.   }introduction etc. to The Semantic Web. This is an attempt to interface natural language with data structures, for practical usage in various businesses, etc.  Here:      }is the page about vocabularies on the semantic web, which they also call ‘ontologies’.     }Glossary for The Spiritual Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan. Fewer than 100 terms, mixed Arabic, Persian, and others, all on one pae with pronunciation and other guides.   }this site probably has to be our pick for the best computer and –related terms dictionary. Unfortunately, this one too has the drawback of going through google, and we apologize for that; but it did have “scan” in our tests, the only one that did; and lots of stuff about scanners. We found its “related terms” feature very useful. Recommended.   }online encyclopedia articles of psychology. Good site, and searchable. Site works well. Drawback: sometimes part of the definition text is off the screen, and we found no way to make it display the entire definition.    }about Loglan. The Wiki says “Individual authors, typically unaware of the history of the idea, continued to propose taxonomic philosophical languages until the early 20th century (e.g. Ro), but most recent engineered languages have had more modest goals; some are limited to a specific field, like mathematical formalism or calculus (e.g. Lincos and programming languages), others are designed for eliminating syntactical ambiguity (e.g., Loglan and Lojban) or maximizing conciseness (e.g., Ithkuil).” “Loglan (1955) and its descendants constitute a pragmatic return to the aims of the a priori languages, tempered by the requirement of usability of an auxiliary language.”   }a collaborative project to produce a free-content multilingual dictionary. It aims to describe all words of all languages using definitions and descriptions in English. Wiktionary has grown beyond a standard dictionary and now includes a thesaurus, a rhyme guide, phrase books, language statistics and extensive appendices. We aim to include not only the definition of a word, but also enough information to really understand it. Thus etymologies, pronunciations, sample quotations, synonyms, antonyms and translations are included.   }Wireless Dictionary Contains more than 19,000 terms and acronyms related to Mobile, Wi-Fi, and Short Range Communication Systems and Services.   }translators. Many more languages than the others, including African, and little-used languages. We tried Russian-to-Ingush, for example, and it worked.    }You can enter any text that you would like in the form at the left -- for example, a paper that you've written, or a newspaper article that you've copied from another website. After inputting the text, you can then see useful information about words and phrases in that text, based on data from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA).   }Julie Eclair’s Image Glossary & Dictionary.  }good links, too. A really good dictionary site. The look-up is in the left-hand column of the page; click the radio button for “advanced” to see what they can do.   }included twice, since it also answers language queries, or rather, queries in a natural language. We haven’t tested it for artificial languages yet.    }the German dictionary portal, use 7 or more German dictionaries from this page.    }Free online translation. Translate to and from: English, Spanish, French, German, Portuguese, Dutch, Italian, Chinese, Arabic, Russian, Japanese, Hebrew, Korean, Russian, Greek, Swedish, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Finnish, Hausa, Hindi, Hungarian, Norwegian, Pashto, Farsi, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Somali, Thai, Turkish and Urdu.
Note: The free translator has a limit of 500 words. Click here for unlimited translations. Did well in our tests: Recommended.   }good, brief glossary of computer hardware terms.

1. Q: Is “Internet” really an acronym? What does it stand for?
   A: It stands for “Interconnected Networks”. Hence, you don’t need to say or  write “the” in front of it.
         Example: “On ABC”, not “on the ABC”; “On CNN”, not “on  the   CNN”; “from IBM”, not “from the            IBM”; that is, English speakers don’t say  “the” in front of an acronym.  So, don’t say “the” in front of         “Internet”: just say, “it’s on Internet”, not “it’s on the Internet”.  Feel free to contact us if you have  any
         more questions.
2. Q: I noticed that you don’t have a category for blogs, forums, and discussion groups on this List, but that         you do on the regular JKU Research List.  Are there  any Academic Forums, blogs, etc., on this List?
    A: Yes, there are. Some are in Other:Tools, some in Subject Guides, and some in Online Journals and Zines.
3. Q: How can we contact you?
    A: At the following addresses: Mr. Jae Kamel, ,
                        Dr. Jone Dae, .