Space Antenna

Space Antenna
Keep Your Eyes On The Skies

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Online Tools 2017.

                                           Jae Kamel’s URLs Presents

                                                Online Tools 2017

                                                                   836 links.

Microsloth-free for your protection.

I. Web Tools.
II. Web-Hosting and Design Sites.
III. Proxy Sites.
IV. Linux, etc.


Intro: Not all of the useful tools that we have found are here. The image tools will be mostly on Julie Éclair’s Photo List ( ), the video and a/v tools mostly on her Video List ( ). The search engines are mainly on the JKU Research List ( ); and here some of the website analysis websites. The academic search engines and related resources are on the JKU Academic Research List ( ). So, check these other Lists if you don’t find what you’re looking for here. Note that the dictionaries and language tools have been moved to the Academic Research List. There is a list of proxy sites below, which includes lists of proxy sites. Over time, they become DLs, since new URLs for proxy sites is what you’d expect. However, our list, including the lists of list of them, includes at least hundreds of proxy site URLs, so some are probably still “live”. If you’re looking for other online privacy-related URLs, see The Cold List ( ).
We provide the finest support and apps in the world for “legacy” OS and apps, usually for windows; enjoy.
2016 Update: Browser tools and bookmarks added, extensions, add-ons. DLs removed, old links removed.

I. Web Tools. }online scientific calculator. 14 digit accuracy.   }an alternate download location for the Dup Detector. You might like the other apps on this site. See also PhotoList ( ) for more image tools.   }we consider 7-Zip the best unzipper, and file and archive manager; Total Commander is our second choice. Recommended. 7-Zip can be tricky to use, so use caution with it. Works best when run as administrator, but still works well without. Since most institutional and public computers will not let you run as administrator, we feature apps here that run well under those circumstances. After all, if you could sign on as an administrator, many of these apps wouldn’t be necessary – ! Here is:   }the download site for it. We don’t recommend the 64-bit version unless you’re on a 64-bit Windows 7 or newer OS.  2016 Update: There is now a new version of 7-Zip that uses the new Z-Standard compression and decompression, see “github” below.     }not quite 99, but a few really good web tools here. Some of them are already on this list. We found the “social popularity” search (for URLs) novel. Also tutorials and website widgets.    }we have used and tested this icon explorer 5.1. Recommended for a freeware icon editor. Easy to use, visually simple, small app. Abbsoft has other icon tools as well.   }the Acrylic Wi-fi scanner, free version. This is our second favorite wif scanner after the Xirrus (see below). The Xirrus has features which the Acrylic lacks, but, it is still a good scanner, Recommended. Note that the servers which public routers connect to, don’t respond to pings now, and you can’t run ‘trace route’ on them either. (December 2015).  Here is    }the download link for it.   }Google Shortcuts is a restartless Chrome, Firefox, Opera and Safari extension to access all Google Products in a single customizable panel. Click on the icon and it takes you to that page.  After the install, open the panel and customize it to have all the useful products into the view section (from the hidden section). Use left-click to open a product in the current tab or use middle-click or Ctrl + left-click to open a product in a new background tab. }old DOS apps and other handy utilities are here.   }collection of quikbasic and qbasic programs and files. Most of these crash in XP, and are made for DOS only. They are probably 16-bit, and won’t run on XP or any 32-bit OS/PC, partly from the “8+3 filename” problem that we discuss elsewhere on this page. You’ll want a 16-bit DOS emulator in some cases; others may fun in 32-bit, but not until you disable the “8+3” filenames. We have downloaded and tried several of these programs, and, the ones that work at all, work fine. 2015 Update: it is more difficult to run any 16-bit apps on OS after XP, we tested some in W8.1.    }we’ve tested the PNGOUT and KZIP from this page, and they both work fine. This man is a good programmer. For those of you who do image work, IrfanView uses this PNGOUT for compression of .png images, displaying and options box and so on. Works fast and efficiently. IrfanView is listed here, since it has so many different uses; see Julie Éclair’s PhotoList (  ) for more image tools and apps. This page also has links to comparisons between different compressors, with technical notes about how to use them, and so on. There are also many other interesting programs and utilities on this page, enjoy. Site Highly Recommended, especially if like this old stuff.    }Rufus is a small utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives, such as USB keys/pendrives, memory sticks, etc.  It can be especially useful for cases where you need to create USB installation media from bootable ISOs (Windows, Linux, UEFI, etc.); you need to work on a system that doesn't have an OS installed; you need to flash a BIOS or other firmware from DOS; you want to run a low-level utility.  Oh, and Rufus is fast. For instance it's about twice as fast as UNetbootin, Universal USB Installer or Windows 7 USB download tool, on the creation of a Windows 7 USB installation drive from an ISO. It is also marginally faster on the creation of Linux bootable USB from ISOs.   }Welcome to the ISO Recorder download page. ISO Recorder is a tool (power toy) for Windows XP,  2003, Windows Vista and 7, that allows (depending on the Windows version) to burn CD and DVD images (DVD support is only available on Windows Vista), copy disks, make images of the existing data CDs and DVDs and create ISO images from a content of a disk folder. ISO Recorder has been conceived during Windows XP beta program, when Microsoft for the first time started distributing new OS builds as ISO images. Even though the new OS had CD-burning support (by Roxio), it did not have an ability to record an image.  ISO Recorder has filled this need and has been one of the popular Windows downloads ever since. With an advent of Windows XP SP2 and Windows 2003 the version 2 of ISO Recorder has been released, which introduced some new features including ISO image creation and support for non-admin user. Finally, in Windows Vista it became possible to address another long-standing request and provide DVD burning capability. Since the very beginning ISO Recorder has been a free tool (for personal use). It is recommended by MSDN download site along with Easy CD and Nero and is used by a number of companies around the world. Latest version is for windows 7 or later.     }excellent software site, find alternative apps. For each app you select, it open a desc. page, and there lists yet more alternatives to that one. We Recommend this one. “We have one mission: helping you find the right software for your computer, mobile phone or tablet. Our main focus is to give you alternatives to software you already know and want to replace. “    }when you go to this site, you’ll see how intelligent this programmer is. We use, and recommend, his Task Manager, as a substitute to the windows task manager. The actual download page is here: }download DTaskManager here. It comes zipped. Dimio’s other apps are recommended as well. 2015 Update: most OS after Vista will try to block this app. Also, one of its dlls or whatever, is found by most anti-malware or anti-virus programs, so, set those to “report only” to keep using DTaskManager. We use that, and DShutdown. However, starting with W8.1, we don’t use DTaskManager; for processes and task manager, we use Daphne, Process Hacker, and System Explorer (below). Especially when you are not on your own computer (laptop, notebook, tablet), using all 3 together enables them to watch and protect each other. Daphne is not portable so you won’t be able to use it on most systems not your own, unless you can do installs.  But the other two are, and, should always be running together to back each other up. Symantec and other antivirus programs, block DTaskManager, so, it won’t run there either. 2016 Update: DShutdown works well on W 8.1. We no longer use DTaskManager, but would if we were using XP.   }The site has been around quite a while, and over its lifetime it’s amassed a nice assortment of awards. Some for software, some for music, some for reasons that escape me, but I appreciate them all none the less. Small, fast apps, some old. Recommended. His utilities for use “online” – in the browser – are simple but work. We use EscapeClose, and LinkExaminer and Text Examiner; Recommended. We also use his Internet Traffic Report.   }this is, of course, the famous Fred’s freeware links.   }for serial numbers, etc. Left panel has links to other cracked sites. See also “bestserials” below. 2016 Update: this site has not been updated much since 2011.   }cloud computing apps. In our tests so far, not all of these apps work. For instance, the ESET online virus scanner neither scans nor downloads. The desktop ESET is good, though.   }we use this app in place of ResEdit, and find that it works better than (but still with) ResEdit. Recommended for resource management.    }QTranslate is a free translator for Windows (Windows 8/7/Vista/XP). With this small utility, you simply select the text you want to translate and then press the hot key (Ctrl+Q to show translation in the popup window or Double Ctrl click to show the translation in the main window). The program also has the ability to speak text Ctrl+E and perform a dictionary search Win+Q. Also, you can open the main window and type text manually. Note! The program translates text by using online translation services, so you need an Internet connection.   }down load the advanced process termination app from here. It is from Diamond Cs, but they apparently no longer support the product, so we found it here for you. Their current site was here:  }now they market commercial anti-virus products, no freeware. What is the apt.exe for? We use various task killers. Some we use for the unique features they have, some since they terminate a process, etc., faster or better, and so on. In bringing these freeware apps to you, we pick the ones suitable for XP, since those will include versions for older OS, and also for newer ones. Many of the homemade apps have versions for XP, Vista, and W7 and W8, so, the well-known commercial ones aren’t any better. Apt has 10 different kill methods and 2 crashers, similar to Process Hacker 2. And it terminates some processes that others do not, and is simple and easy to use. 2015 Update: this application is still downloadable from the URL above. 2017 Update: Process Hacker 2 has discontinued its crash tester.   }The HP16C Emulator is a software simulation of the original HP-16C Computer Scientist calculator, made by Hewlett-Packard during the 80’s, but now discontinued.  Note that this site, the software and the author have no connection whatsoever with Hewlett Packard.  The HP-16C Computer Scientist Calculator was released in 1982.  I bought one new, in 1983 and was very impressed by it’s function and elegance.  This was despite the fact that the device only contained 203 bytes(!) of memory to house both storage registers and programs.  In the fall of 2000 I set out to see if I could accurately create an emulation of the HP-16C in software.   Although the project got temporarily shelved a few times, I have finally finished an emulator which approaches the original goal. This calculator is ideal for programmers, engineers and scientists.  Unfortunately, this model was discontinued many years ago, but is now available again in software form.  This software version has the added advantage of supplying auxiliary views:  A scrollable program view that allows viewing all or most of a program in on the screen at once, as well as the ability to watch the operation of a running program; A Stack view that shows the entire state of the stack, Status and Memory usage at once; A scrollable register view that shows the contents of all the storage registers. “Trialware”.    }this Firefox add-on is one that we’re still using (13sep16), and works in FF 48.0.02. However, you cannot find this extension, or its developer, anywhere on the Mozilla add-ons site !! So, this link from is still good, and you can install the extension from there. It is the Feb. 1, 2013 version. We’re using the August 17, 2016 version 38.0.1, but haven’t found it online for you yet. Let us know if you want to use this, we can help. This extension allows you to open any page in your FF browser, in any other browser you have installed on your computer. We use, as you know, the Chrome and Sundance browsers as well.  This is, of course, the by-now famous Browser View Plus (Playlink) 38.0.1. It was “supported” by MFF as recently as Jul 22, 2015 – and then inexplicably dropped. MFF addd-ons will not find the add-on, under any combination of words, and will not find any of the developers names!  Further it may tell you “not compatible with FF 48“, but don’t believe it. We still use it, and it still works fine. Note: this archive page with the file in it, which you can download today, may not be there tomorrow. Also, MFF may find a way to block this, since they have started blocking or disabling users’ favorite add-ons, starting about 1 year ago, in September, 2015. Finally, there are two others which will do almost the same thing: one in MFF add-ons, and one in Github. The add-on is somewhat different (Browserling, reviewed on this page), and the Github app was too complicated to configure or use. Contact us if you are unable to download the extension. Be sure to use version 38.0.1 or newer, if you’re using FF 48 or newer. Update:  try this link for the add-on:    }Open links, pages, and bookmarks in any other browser or media player. Modify any menu, browser name or location. Incognito/private browsing mode is also supported. Works for all Firefox locales/languages. 2016 Update: this has proven to be very, very difficult to find. So, there is an alternative for other browsers; but this still doesn't give you one-click open in media apps, which Playlink did.     }Open your web pages in Internet Explorer, Chrome, Safari, or Opera. Open With opens the current page in your other browsers with just one click. Add Open With to your menus, toolbars and developer toolbox.   }the website for Ariolic software is back up, and they make a disk scanner, among other apps, that is free. It is slow, but we recommend it if you need one that’s portable and works on e.g., your flash drive, etc.   }converts any image to ASCII representation, and old trick, but this one cheats and lets you retain the image’s colors which are then (say) background to the ASCII, etc. However the site is awkward to use and the results are unclear. E.g. it says each image automatically posted to (their) gallery but then you can’t find yours, etc. We found it unsatisfying, but you might like it. 2015 DL. Replacement:    }convert a picture to ASCII, text, or HTML.
http://axqzzpkfwezf3kku.onion    }Tor Project: Anonymity Online. 2015 DL. Replacement:
http://udsmewv45lunzoo4.onion/   }TorLinks is a moderated replacement for The Hidden Wiki, and serves as a link or url list of Tor hidden services. Feel free to copy this deep web link list directory to your website to make others aware of the darknet. We regularly update the tor onion sites on this site.    }how to install backtrack on a USB. Note: backtrack will format the USB!!! (See below) 2feb12.    }Theme Font & Size Changer is a simple browser tool that lets you change the font size and font family of Firefox. It is especially valuable tool for visually impaired people and wide screen users. There are three places that you can manage the global font size and font family of Firefox via Theme Font & Size Changer. Add-on Bar icon, toolbar button and Tools menu option. All font size and font family changes are instantly applied and they are saved permanently and through sessions. Different from add-ons that enlarge and reduce text on web pages, Theme Font & Size Changer changes the font size and font family in all windows, menus, toolbars, etc within Firefox itself. Recommended.  }very small, fast utilities. We use “wherezit” and “DevMgr”; Recommended. These are all MS Windows apps, they have zero dependencies and are as small as I could get 'em. Source is supplied for most.    }lots of “free” software (apps). DL 2015.  Replacement:    }This is the Gizmo’s Freeware editors’ choice list where you’ll find a collection of the very best desktop freeware for Windows from our site. The list now includes 103 applications in various categories. To read brief descriptions of the applications, select a Software Category on top of this page or use the box below to view all software items in one massive list. Note: This list covers Windows desktop or legacy programs. If you’re looking for Windows Store apps or Metro apps, check out Best Free Windows Store Apps.   }Superior protection against phishing attacks and malware. TrafficLight examines and blocks the pages you visit for malware and phishing attempts each and every time you access them. Search and Social-Safe (including on Facebook and Twitter). It also detects and blocks suspicious links on your Facebook wall and Twitter feed. Identifies trackers that report on your browsing behavior. Some website pages may track and analyze your browsing behavior. Bitdefender TrafficLight shows you which pages intercept this type of code snippets that are included in website pages, and lists them.   }this is a good and fast URL shortener which also allow you to keep track of traffic to that URL. Also create a URL with a memorable name. 2017 Update: bitly is unreliable now. We Recommend Tiny URL instead.   }deletes unnecessary files to free valuable disk space, maintain privacy, and remove junk. Rid your system of old clutter including cache, cookies, Internet history, localizations, logs, temporary files, and broken shortcuts. There are several cleaners available as freeware today. Glary Utilities is also good for cleaning, erasing tracks, and so on. We prefer Bleachbit over CCleaner.   }found on the Tor network, using the DDG .onion search engine. CryptoWall and HELP_DECRYPT Ransomware Information Guide and FAQ. By Lawrence Abrams on July 10, 2014 @ 02:11 PM | Read 431,861 times. CryptoWall is a file-encrypting ransomware program that was released around the end of April 2014 that targets all versions of Windows including Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8. The media is commonly confusing CryptoWall with the CryptoLocker infection, when it is much more similar to the CryptoDefense ransomware. The most apparent similarity being that CryptoWall’s Decryption Service is almost identical to the one for CryptoDefense. In October 2014, the malware developers released a new version of CryptoWall called CryptoWall 2.0. This new version included some additional changes that are described in the next section. When you are first infected with CryptoWall it will scan your computer for data files and “encrypt” them using RSA encryption so they are no longer able to be opened. Once the infection has encrypted the files on your computer drives it will open a Notepad window that contains instructions on how to access the CryptoWall Decryption Service where you can pay a ransom to purchase a decryption program. The ransom cost starts at $500 USD and after 7days goes up to $1,000. This ransom must be paid in Bitcoins and sent to a Bitcoin address that changes per infected user.    }UnHackMe – First BootWatch AntiRootkit! Now it is the must have tool for you! UnHackMe is specially designed to detect and remove Rootkits (a new generation of Trojan programs – invisible Trojans). A rootkit is a program that a hacker uses to mask intrusion and obtain administrator-level access to a computer or computer network. The intruder installs a rootkit on a computer using a user action or by exploiting a known vulnerability or cracking a password. The rootkit installs a backdoor giving the hacker a full control of the computer. It hides their files, registry keys, and process names, and network connections from your eyes. Your antivirus could not detect such programs because they use compression and encryption of its files. The sample software is Hacker Defender rootkit. UnHackMe allows you to detect and remove Rootkits. UnHackMe tested for removal all modern rootkits: Rustock, Haxdoor, Hacktool, Elite Keylogger etc. 2015 Update: not Recommended for use after Vista.   }Translate the selected text and the full page with Google Translate.By default, the add-on will try to set your detected language for the default target language. If it is not possible then English will be the target language of the translation. It’s highly recommended to select less text than more, otherwise the translation would appear slower. You can select a maximum of 38000-character long text, if you select longer, you’ll get an alert box in some cases. You shouldn’t either select pictures and tables because these will disappear and mystic text will appear there.   }this is a low-level USB drive tester. Recommended. Warning: test formats (erases) drive. Download link below the description.  Warning: if you try to search for these apps yourself, you’ll have your time wasted by apps that don’t work, redirects, dead links, and the usual commercial/malware garbage on the Web these days. One of these USB apps was withdrawn by the site after it was found to contain a Trojan horse. Said horse ruined one of our drives and it has taken us over a week to fix it. Therefore, use the apps we provide for you.    }The TOC for an old bookmarklets site. These are useful bookmarklets and will still work on any HTML site, and a few on flash and XML sites.    }”Boost provides free peer-reviewed portable C++ source libraries. We emphasize libraries that work well with the C++ Standard Library. Boost libraries are intended to be widely useful, and usable acroFss a broad spectrum of applications. “ They also say to read this:    }Proposed Draft Technical Report on C++ Library Extensions. Download from this link.   }nice model of the Earth in a very small (2.8 MB) program!  Freeware, use it as a desktop if you want to.   }a calculation of the Euler constant to 1000 decimal places. It serves as an example of operations with accurate numbers. Worked perfectly.    }calculates factorials. In our tests, the whole factorial is shown (base 10), through 17.  }Emulator TI-59, version 1.1. Program TI-59 is a programmable calculator simulating a behavior Calculator Texas Instruments TI-59 (TI-58, TI-58C) and printer PC-100A. Programs can be stored in files, in addition to the main program can be implemented in the calculator memory up to 99 programs a library module. Library modules can be any amount. Each program may have a length of 1000 steps (= keystrokes). There are 10000 memory registers.    }the front page for bug me not, so you can bypass compulsory registration.    }another app for bypassing compulsory site registrations. Ironically, this one asks you to sign-up with them! The advantage is that the login ids and passwords have already been used by other people, so they ought to work for the given site immediately. Link goes to the “how to” page. Find more websites like this one on our Cold List , under “I. Freedom”.    }tells you what a website is built with, organizes the data, goes into some detail.    }the calculator home page. Use this in your browser window.    }so, here is our favorite desktop calculator. Does simple calcs, and some other math you’d find in math apps, pay-for calculators, and so on. Highly Recommended, since it will do the math in binary, octal, hex, decimal, or in any other base you specify, and display the terms and the result in that base.   }online calculators:online javascript calculator, units conversions, properties and constants, loan calculator, mortgage calculator, currency converter, body mass index calculator, basal metabolic rate calculator, total metabolic rate calculator, calories burned for various activities, pregnancy due date calculator, predict distance running time from another distance result, photographic exposure calculator, text version of a number, convert a number to roman numerals, random number generator.     }so, as we catch-up on old URLs, we sometimes find really good ones; and we think that you’ll like the links from this page. Recommended.     }this site instantly performs malware analysis for you on any file you select. Highly recommended. Did very well in our tests.    }her best freeware list. Her other lists had far too many pay-sites on them, and some of these are already on this List, but, FYI.    }more freeware from carol’s vault. Be careful of, “freeware” tricks: redirects to pay site, free trial that wants credit card number, free trial that quits after the trial period, etc..    }Carol’s “essential freeware 2013”. Several apps which we tested and rejected here; and others that are very redundant to their kind. For example, how many “notes organizers”, “post-it notes”, and so on, websites do we need?? Again the caution that many of her links are DLs or lead to “free trials”.    }a collection of free online services, nicely presented and so on. Leads to comparison charts of services in each category; some of theirs are the same ones that we have presented to you, here at JKU, as you’ll see if you look. That is to say, others are now imitating our Service of providing Free webpages, apps, and other items for you to use. 2016 DL.    }the info page for CDex, the CD extractor. This app is user-friendly and Recommended by us.    }the download page for CDex. Be careful when you use this app.   }view and read news about storage products and technology. 18 August 2016. Has free download files, older apps (2008-2012) that are useful if you have XP or other  windows system, but not for older than XP. Photos and specs on newest drives, and so on, especially static and flash.    }classic start menu is a flexible start menu that can mimic the menu behavior of Windows 2000, XP, Vista, and Windows 7. It has a variety of advanced features. Classic Explorer is a plugin for Windows Explorer. Classic Shell adds some missing features to Windows 7 and Windows 8 – like a classic start menu, start button, a toolbar for Windows Explorer and others. We tested this on W8.1, you can customize many things, and make the start menu look like a start menu from XP, Vista, or W7.
2016 Update: We have found this to be one of the Most useful applications to have on 8.1. The latest version can be found on‭ ‬the Classic Shell website: }Classic Shell, Version‭ ‬4.1.0‭. Recommended.    }copy and paste between computers, using their URL. (untested) 2012 Update: This is the old home for As of Oct 31, 2011 has been shutdown. But in some ways lives on, the source code to the site has been posted to github so anyone that wants to can run a their own copy can. 2015 Update: the website and the app are back. “ lets you move information between computers using your brain. Think up a unique URL that starts this  Example: Enter the URL in a browser and type or paste in what you want. On another computer or smartphone enter in the same URL to retrive the information. For security the information in the cl1p url is destroyed as soon as it is read. Anyone visiting the same URL at a later time will not be able to see the message. is great for cases where you need to move data. (Like the contents of a text file) between devices when e-mail, or shared drives is not practical. Perhaps you need to move a log file off a computer you don’t  trust. Or you might need to move some clipboard info between two separate computers. is a very quick and convient way to move data between devices connected to the internet.” Worked perfectly in our test. Note: we were not able to find the source code for this app on github. 2017 Update: also try Pastebin, Recommended.    }analog desktop clock, one of the better freeware clocks. Jae uses this one on his desktop, Jone uses a different one.    } Plot/Print Biorhythms and Biorhythm Compatibility with equal ease! View Biorhythms of celebrities, family and friends or see how compatible you are with them. Universal Biorhythms can plot up to eight different rhythms (including ancient I-Ching rhythms) in both the Biorhythm and Biorhythm Compatibility view. Biorhythm Compatibility and Biorhythms can be printed or saved as JPG/BMP graphics. This is best simple, freeware biorhythm program on the web, and this is the only place you can download it from.  Note: this app is “trialware”, and, writes to your registry the first time you install it. But it is very sneaky: when you uninstall, the registration is not completely cleaned, even with Revo!  So, when the trial time ends, you can never again download and reinstall the app! We dislike that sneakiness, so, even though it is a good freeware biorhythm program, we found one that is freeware, works great, and gives no problems:    }Free and easy biorhythm calculator. This program is based on the western scientific theory of biorhythms, and contains additional features based upon oriental philosophy. It works like a magic mirror, helping you to know the full potential of your capabilities, and prevent rash decisions during critical days.  If you don’t know about biorhythms, there is a good simple explanation there.    }gives simple animated screen captures. LICEcap can capture an area of your desktop and save it directly to .GIF (for viewing in web browsers, etc) or .LCF (see below).  For you non-programmers and non-developers, this is recording your motions when you use, say, an application. You can then watch the GIF (“giff” with the hard “g” sound) anytime, or send it to someone, etc. Similar to recording a macro, as in Microsloth Word; and to programs which will record your mouse movements, such MouseWrangler    }LICEcap is GPL free software, each download package includes the source.    }this site has useful freeware and shareware, if you don’t already have apps that perform the same functions. We use teracopy and Recommend it. Site also has android apps for you android users. Note that, although teracopy is faster than windows copy or move for large files, as they claimed, they’re about the same for really small files. Also note that teracopy isn’t always fast; hardware limitations can slow it down, background tasks, and other apps running. Also, turn off your antivirus to speed up teracopy, so that it will be faster than windows copy (or add it to the whitelist). Even though teracopy is sometimes only slightly faster, we still recommend it, since it has other important features that windows lacks. See also below. Note that Teracopy and Total Commander support each other.    }Capsa Free 9.1, Portable network analyzer(packet sniffer) freeware; MAC Scanner Free 2.3, The Most Popular MAC Scan Tool; Ping Tool 2.0, Graphic Ping Tool Can Ping Multiple IP Addresses; Packet Builder 2.0, Create Your Customized Packets; Packet Player 2.0, Replay Packets in Network. Recommended by a thrid-party. }quicktime required to watch video on this page.    }another online file converter for you. This one worked best for flac to mp3 conversions; the other three didn’t work at all for that. Desktop apps are usually better for file conversions.    }this youtube-to-mp3 converter works perfectly, sometimes. See the VideoList   for other video converters. 2015 Update: site now has 6 video converters on the page. The large “download” panel is a redirect.   }The Cryptohaze Multiforcer is a high performance multihash brute forcer with support for per-position character sets, and very good performance scaling when dealing with large hash lists. As an example, on a list of 10 hashes, the Cryptohaze Multiforcer achieves 390M steps per second on a GTX260/216SP@1.24ghz card. On a list of 1.4 million hashes with the same card, performance drops to 380M steps per second. This is the password stepping rate – not the search rate. The search rate is 380M * 1.4M passwords per second! The latest version of the Cryptohaze Multiforcer can be found on the Sourceforge project page:  supported platforms are Windows, Linux, and OS X. Right now, it’s a 64-bit binary, but the build environment supports 32-bit builds if needed.    }The Cryptohaze GPU Rainbow Cracker is a fully GPU and OpenCL accelerated set of rainbow table tools. Unlike the existing CUDA accelerated rainbow table tools that simply accelerate the stock RainbowCrack tables, the Cryptohaze rainbow tables are a totally ground up implementation. Of major significance is the fact that the reduction function is now something very well suited to GPUs and high speed CPU implementations. While the RainbowCrack reduction function was very good, it was not very fast, and did not scale well onto video cards. The new reduction function is significantly faster and allows for some truly impressive speeds. Additionally, throughout development, feedback from users has been taken, and the Cryptohaze GPU Rainbow Cracker supports many often-requested features, including table headers and the ability to specify a large number of tables to search (until a result is found). The Cryptohaze tools support working on lists of hashes, and also support using as many GPUs as you have in the system to speed cracking.Download the latest versions from     }The Rainbow Table tools require a 64-bit OS. This is due to memory mapping the table files into the process space for rapid searching. There’s no way around this unless you use tiny files. Sorry.   }We highly recommend this Cubic Explorer (Copyright 2006-2012 Marko Savolainen). It is a great replacement to windows explorer, and really necessary on OS that don’t have a search feature, such as Windows 7. It is small, fast, many features, and “indy”. We think that you’ll like it. 2015 Update: We don’t use this app much anymore.  We use mostly Q-Dir and TC; and for work on public computers, TC (Total Commander) and the UV (Universal Viewer) are necessary, both with all the plug-ins installed. It is still a very good app, but redundant; and not as strong against massive security blocks. For instance, on a remote-desktop-computer, on a server, with Symantec running, Cubic Explorer will not run, or work right. 2016 Update: Cubic Explorer is not maintained or supported now. The most recent version that was released,, still works well, and we still use it sometimes, as well; but we have changed our computers and systems a few times since 2012; and now, we use only 2 Explorer replacements, Q-Dir and Total Commander. They are both linked to on this page. Q-Dir is much more customizable, and can do everything that Cubic did. TC is powerful, and we use it on certain systems, which don’t allow the user access to the desktop or to explorer; certain University and Public Library computers are like that; and some public computer in other places, as well; for those, Only TC is powerful enough to replace Explorer where you need to, especially when you can’t have admin privileges. In those situations, we also Recommend google Chrome, which can self-install on such systems, and run, w/o admin priveleges, and download your settings, including extensions and add-ons, from your google account, if the computer will let you go online. Most do.    }his tech primer series.    }Is your precious network secure? Hack Tools/Exploits: Packetstorm Last 10 Files; Packetstorm Tools; Packetstorm Exploits; Securiteam Exploits; Don’t Learn to HACK – Hack to LEARN.   }Wink is a Tutorial and Presentation creation software, primarily aimed at creating tutorials on how to use software (like a tutor for MS-Word/Excel etc). Using Wink you can capture screenshots, add explanations boxes, buttons, titles etc and generate a highly effective tutorial for your users. You can create tutorials in Wink, by capturing screenshots, mouse movements and specifying your own explanations with them. And all this in a standard Windows-based UI with drag-and-drop editing makes it very easy to create high quality tutorials/documentation. It is estimated that Macromedia Flash Player is installed in more than 90% of the PCs. Using Wink you can create content viewable across the web in all these users’ desktops.    }”Docs Online Viewer is a userscript / browser extension to open online documents of almost any format like pdf,doc,docx,xls,ppt,rtf,odt,ods,odp,csv etc. using google Docs and Zoho Viewer directly in your browser without need of any additional plugins. “ Recommended. When you click on “download original”, that’s when the pdf viewer comes into play.    }RadioWORKS is a tool for calculating various items related to radio waves and radio wave propagation. Get detailed information about a frequency, such as the free-space wavelength, band classification, propagation methods, common transmitter configurations, etc. Calculate antenna lengths or frequencies. View a 3D coverage map by providing a latitude / longitude coordinate and transmitter height. View a 2D representation of line of sight coverage between two latitude / longitude points, including compensation for TX/RX height, adjustment for Earth curvature, and first Fresnel zone calculation. Look up the elevation of a latitude / longitude coordinate.    }Eagle Eye Digital Solutions (EEDS) is a professional I.T. security service provider, specialized in the growing markets of Information technology,security and digital forensics. EEDS was founded in 2008 by Mr. Warith Al Maawali, a recognized security consultant. EEDS software products are designed with classified information requirements in mind. Beyond “feeling secure”, there is “feeling safe”, and that’s what EEDS offers.   }So are you tired of typing out long words, names, web addresses, email addresses, or entire sentences over and over again? Well then, you could save yourself some time and effort and set up IOS keyboard shortcuts for any text that you type regularly. By default, the iPhone and iPad comes with “omw” as a shortcut for “On my way!” but you can create and customize any shortcut you want. What’s more, thanks to iCloud, any shortcut you create will automatically sync between your iPhone, iPad, and/or Mac. Once you start using keyboard shortcuts you’ll love them here’s how to do it!   }SSL Eye is a unique tool that is designed in a way it can detect SSL man in the middle spying, by comparing SSL fingerprints of single or multiple sites across many remote nodes that are owned and managed by EEDS located in different countries such as Singapore, USA, UK, Germany and Netherlands. This is done by comparing the other nodes finger prints results with yours that comes through your local ISP. Additionally the tool will tell you if the site is using Extended Validation (EV) certificates or perfect forward secrecy through the key exchange mechanism such as DHE_RSA or ECDHE_RSA which is currently being used by Google Inc. We have also implemented global short-cut keys on the application that allows you to copy a site from the browser address bar and call it for instant scan to check if you are a victim of Man in The Middle Attack (MITM). Where normally attackers listen to your communication channel in a public key exchange re-sends the keys on your behalf, substituting his own fake keys for the requested one, so that the two original parties (you and your bank) will still appear to be communicating with each other. (view screenshots 1 – 2 – 3).   }Stealth Walker is a software-based privacy tool. It provides easy connectivity for the user and has a very straightforward mechanism to establish a VPN connection. StealthWalker creates an encrypted tunnel between your PC and the server, which means not only your browsing is secure, but also all communication going through the Internet, such as messengers, Skype, FTP, Email, etc. are all encrypted.    }Sundance is a simple and fast freeware web browser special designed for a complex web search. Its features include Lookup domain, Breaking news, One-Click WebPage Translation, very clean user interface, without address bar, floating navigation bar, redirect, RSS scrolling, transparent forms, quick web search, quick menu, WYSIWYG page designer, changeable user agent string…. We use this browser when some technical problem prevents Firefox or Chrome from functioning correctly. We saw this browser reviewed, and the reviewer didn’t like it; and what he disliked, is what we like about it: installs and runs immediately and with no problems; fast and efficient; has many useful features, all accessible from the floating toolbar. Highly Recommended for a second or alternative browser.    }”The NooG programme is used to make queries by country, language, document type, time of creation, website, excluding certain phrases, etc. In doing so, it sends queries to search engines, such as Chrome, Firefox, Opera and Explorer. It allows you to accurately save history and certain advanced search combinations. It is very useful in searching for any type of data anywhere in the world. NooG can be helpful tools for SEO professionals. The program is very small and takes up virtually no space on your desktop. “ It is a floating search-bar, search google, bing, or yahoo directly from the desktop. Can be made any color and translucent. Highly Recommended.   }”TwinLook is dual monitor software designed to clone monitor to another monitor or other kind of display. It is useful anywhere you need to display documents, technical designs, images, to the persons who are on opposite sides. TwinLook can display all or only part of the desktop, scrolling text, windows, graphics from the clipboard, RTF text, images etc… Current version is (August 21, 2016). Operating systems: Windows. TwinLook is free for non-commercial use.” This app did well in our tests, and functioned as described. When you first use it, we recommend that you test it out and “play with it” until you have the feel of using right.    }has 2 shareware and 3 freeware disk cleaners, plus apps for purchasing.   }open directory links to online calculators. 217 links on this page.    }type a domain name and it tells you which of five domain types are available for it, that is, unused. Recommends a vendor to purchase from.    } webpage for checking if another website is down or not; or, down for just you or down for everyone.    }you can now download this freeware version of PowerIso, vers. 5.5.,csv-file-extractor.html    }CSV file extractor downloads.   }allows you to download online videos. However, it failed to download any YouTube video in our tests. For example, even after registering it failed to convert YouTube videos for which the URL was know to be valid. We include this so you can avoid it.  Check our other Lists for video downloaders, or find another one on this list (ctrl-f and then search for “video”).    }more old Dos apps, which we decided after all to share with you. We have several individual apps – before they were called applications, just called programs – and some packages, but may not list them all here. However, since many of them run on 16-bit OS and computers, you may have trouble with them on XP. Disabling the “8+3 filenames” often fixes that problem. XP is 32-bit and the old DOS apps usually crash, freeze, or cause Dr. Watson to run. And anything newer, since they’re all 64-bit, won’t run old DOS apps. We collect them to transfer them to older, museum-type computers that we have. For this one, “Of all the graphical user interfaces for DOS that I have ever tested, Delta is the easiest to set up and configure. Everything is saved transparently in text files. There are no system requirements for Delta. It was created on a 12MHz 286 and will probably run on any PC. It supports EGA and VGA. “ 2015 Update: site here now:   }and you might still be able to download the app from there. Your computer/OS must be able to run 16-bit DOS apps to use this one. Replacement:   }G-GUI is a new GUI for the DOS operating system. It is a 65k TSR driver running in real mode with no additional memory required. G-GUI supports all video modes from standard VGA to true color SVGA. It can be used with any computer language for DOS applications. It offers a desktop, windows, buttons, menus, icons, BMP images, check-boxes, radio buttons, message boxes, list boxes, scroll bars, progress bars, multi-line edit boxes, text boxes, different fonts and cursors. Free for personal use!   }Catfood CamSaver displays live video from any camera connected to your PC as a screensaver. CamSaver is easy to configure, just select the video device you wish to use and set the refresh rate. CamSaver works with any Video for Windows device.    }a good selection of old DOS apps here. All the ones we tested worked, that could run on 32-bit. The others froze, crashed, or terminated by Dr. Watson.    }DownThemAll (or just dTa) is a powerful yet easy-to-use Mozilla Firefox extension that adds new advanced download capabilities to your browser. DownThemAll lets you download all the links or images contained in a webpage and much more: you can refine your downloads by fully customizable criteria to get only what you really want.   }dropbox will automatically upload files out of a folder you designate and store them on it’s server. You or anyone with the URL can go there and view or download the files.   }send large files; but number and size of files that can be sent for free, per week or month, is limited. However, it does work.    }Scans HTML links with Dr.Web Online Anti-Virus using a context-menu item. Autoscans Facebook,, Google+ Social Network links.Dr.Web Link Checker is a free extension that can instantly scan webpages and files downloaded from the Internet, and block website attempts to monitor user activity and display advertisements.    }various types of up/download speed tests, for your browser and net connection. The ones we tested worked fine.   }list of various types of speed tests from around the world, with links. “These sites were spotted by our members. We cannot vouch for their quality or accuracy. Some may just measure download speeds, some may require flash or java.” There are some dead links on this list, but others work.   }this page has a variety of broadband tests and tools, for checking your computer and net connections. Obviously, there are tests on this site for wireless, cable, all popular connection types.   }variety of speed testers, we haven’t checked them all yet. Test flash, java, mobile browser, others.    }wild, unexpected collection of technical info and such. There’s stuff on here that even We didn’t know about. If you’re a geek, we guarantee you’ll find something to like on this page! Highly recommended. Be sure to check out the rest of their goodies, as well.   }one location of the facebook uploader. Again, you’ll need both the Picasa app and the adobe air app installed to use this. Obviously most of you have noticed that it is basically impossible to upload photos to FB in the regular way anymore (October 2012), and so you have to use these apps to do it now. They themselves are not smooth, and the uploader is problematical, and FB inserts too many extra steps, and so on. 2017 Update: google no longer supports Picasa. The last good version was Picasa 3, use the sites in this List to find and download a free one.    }webpage with possible apps, etc. Check it out. We think you’ll like these. For example   }is there, and has various zipped crypt packages there. 2017 Update: test encryption apps on dummy files before using them. Sometimes, you can't decrypt a file you've encrypted.    } This class teaches students how use DNS to redirect computer or network users to alternate websites or servers for security or malicious purposes.   }another useful application, that now we can’t be without. Highly recommended. This is the Unlocker. When windows says, say, that it cannot delete a folder? The Unlocker Assistant, icon in the notifications area of your toolbar window, automatically starts the Unlocker, and then you unlock the folder or file, kill the locking process, or both. 2017 Update: on W8.1, the Unlocker installs and runs, but doesn't work they way it did on, for example, XP. Also, there is another app similar to Unlocker, called ThisIsMyFile.  It has other related functions that Unlocker doesn't; for example, if you find malware, you can delete the file and then reboot immediately, with one click.   }The Emsisoft Emergency Kit contains a collection of programs that can be used without software installation to scan for malware and clean infected computers. includes the powerful Emsisoft Scanner complete with graphical user interface. Scan the infected PC for Viruses, Trojans, Spyware, Adware, Worms, Bots, Keyloggers, Ransomware and other malicious programs. The command line tool is made for advanced users and is perfect for batch jobs. This scanner contains the same functionality as the Emergency Kit Scanner but without a graphical user interface. 2017 Update: we have used each of the Emsisoft products, and they all work well. Highly Recommended. their apps are simpler and easier to use than most of the complicated anti-virus and anti-malware apps and packages. Some are freeware and the others are "trialware".    }Data Recovery Services, USB Recovery, Hard Drive Recovery, Digital Image Recovery, Digital Photo Recovery, Damaged Drive Recovery, NAND Recovery, Broken USB Sticks or Broken Digital Camera Cards. They specialize in this. They repair USB drives, hard drives, all that. Recommended based on website info.  }Eset is considered to be the best. We are using the Emsisoft anti-malware, and like its features and performance.    }a page of privacy-related download. Good info, our objection is that the download links redirect to various commercial vendor sites, and, even if there is a free download, it can be still many, many steps away (before you actually download and run anything), and, LBNL if you’re on a public computer, the download will most likely fail. We consider those inferior apps and software.   }the picasa uploader page. Note that you’ll need both the Facebook uploader app, and adobe air, installed to use this; and that’s for the “web-based” version or the install-app. 2017 Update: google no longer supports Picasa. Use the websites in this List to find the latest free version of Picasa 3 to download.  }this is probably the best site to get simple info about files you’ll find on your windows system. Some of the other sites are oriented towards viruses, safety/threats, and so on, that they don’t know anything about most files you’ll want info for. Recommended. "Welcome to our file information site, one of the leading venues for discussions about Windows files since 2005. Our database contains information and ratings for thousands of files. The accuracy of the information presented here is ensured by our research center, the contributions of industry professionals, and a moderated forum."    }the Windows file association page. Page shown is type “unknown” and Windows does not recognize it.   }FOLDOC is a computing dictionary. It includes definitions of acronyms, jargon, programming languages, tools, architecture, operating systems, networking, theory, standards, mathematics, telecoms, electronics, institutions and companies, projects, history, in fact any of the vocabulary you might expect to find in a computer dictionary. Last updated March 2015. The is the oldest online computing dictionary that still works; it was copyrighted by Denis Howe in 1985. The dictionary currently contains 764,861 words. Recommended.   }the “robots.txt” page for the Ghacks website. Ghacks is the newsletter from DuckDuckGo. Ghacks has news about Mozilla Firefox that we didn't see anywhere else, and, the news about future changes to Firefox was timely, in advance of Mozilla implementing the changes. Ghacks was the first place we found an article about the "ESR" versions of Firefox, and use them now.    }This site gives less technical explanations of what the file extensions are, in “plain English”. It is good for those who want simple explanations of what the file types and their extensions are, which apps use them, similar types, and so on. Also has pages that explain what dlls and exes are, for non-technical users, and offers a download to scan your system for them. For any Windows storage media or removable media that are NTFS format, we recommend Everything as the fastest way to find exes and dlls on your computer or flash drive; see voidtools below.   } site contains a database where you can search for file extensions and see detailed information about them. For every file extension you can find information regarding the type of file, and possible software applications that you can use to open such file types. Also info about less well-known file types and extensions. 2017 Update: we have again been asked which apps we use. to read a file for which we don't have the specific app, or for any other reason, we use Universal Viewer, Synwrite, or Edxor, not necessarily in that order.    }the iso file extension described. }another online file converter for you. We use the Universal Viewer to convert file types (see note above) and sometimes other apps. LopeEdit and IrfanView both give you several choices of what file type to save a file as.  }this site has many free, useful small apps for your computer, esp. useful for OS like XP and W7. Note that Nirsoft has similar apps to these.   }alphabetic file extension list. Gives brief descriptions of each file type on the first list, for 1524 extensions, then, click on the file extension itself for more detailed info page. ON the detailed page, click on “click this link” under “Technical data” for fully detailed info about the extension, such as which applications use it and it’s associated MIME types, etc. This site is fast, free, and friendly (easy to use), which are our criteria for any site or application that we show here for you.    }electronics components search engine. Find price, availability, and datasheets for manufacturer part numbers from top distributors worldwide.   }instructions for a perpetual calendar. These are meant to be printed out and carried in your pocket.   }a postscript quick reference guide, meant to be printed out. 2017 Update: PostScript is an old protocol and not used as much anymore.   }intro to Internet for new users, circa 1994.   }this is the once-impressive Fourmilab Switzerland site. “This site is developed and maintained by John Walker, founder of Autodesk, Inc. and co-author of AutoCAD. A variety of documents, images, software for various machines, and interactive Web resources are available here; except for a few clearly-marked exceptions, all the material on this site is in the public domain and may be used in any manner without permission, restriction, attribution, or compensation. “ We have the Home Planet app from here, and you will really enjoy that! It is here:    }a good tool, for viewing the earth (graphics, optional animation), the solar system (graphics), and so on. Small, work well, not modern, good if you like old-style apps. Recommended. Other astronomical viewers are on JKU TLJC or other Lists in their Astronomy Categories.   }smaller, faster, free pdf reader. This may be the right choice for you; we prefer the Sumatra reader, but this one works as well.   }FoxySpider is a FREE Firefox add-on that turns your browser into a powerful crawling machine. FoxySpider can crawl into any website and grab what you really want (video clips, images, music files, or any other file). FoxySpider displays the located items in a well-structured thumbnail gallery for ease of use. With FoxySpider you can find, download and share all the photos, video clips or audio files from your favorite  websites. It can be configured by extension, size of thumbnail, etc.  Recommended.    }free anti-virus protection.    }metasearches (may duplicate JKU-I,II,III). 2017 Update: the Freeality sites are old, and contain old and broken links; however, most of the links are still good.    }reverse white-, yellow-pages, e-mail, etc. 2017 Update: note that Spokeo and most of the "find people" sites, including some of the reverse-address and reverse-phone sites, will find the information you've requested and then try to get you to pay for seeing them. They are commercial, payware sites attempting to look like free sites. Use trial-and-error to find the really free ones.   }another HQ freeware site. The author of this site is as we are, is one of us: “Freeware is the alternative sought especially in the face of ever increasing retail software prices, yearly update payment options and the introduction of software licensing schemes. Unbeknown to many is the availability of free legal alternatives for marketed retail software. For example, you can replace Microsoft Office with OpenOffice, 602PCSuite or EasyOffice. Instead of purchasing McAfee or Norton packages you could download AVG Antivirus, Diskeeper lite, JV16 Powertools or PC Inspector File Recovery for free. This website is created entirely with freeware (and a touch of ingenuity) ! There are hidden costs such as time taken scouring the net for viable alternatives (though I have searched out the best freeware for you on this site), lack of convenient technical support and no guarantees of the software remaining free in perpetuity. I still believe monetary expenditure saved is well worth the trouble. We make every effort to ensure that the freeware on this site are genuine and free from malware. Some authors initially release freeware but later insert malware or convert to trialware without notice. Please contact us if this has happened to any of the software listed on this site. Thanks. “ Highly Recommended. Note that Apache Open Office contains malware and is Not Recommended.    }this is a very useful application. What we use it for, is when you have a file whose type or extension you don’t know or can’t figure out, or when you have a file you can’t open any other way. Free file viewer has opened every file that we’ve ever tried with it! Drawbacks: It doesn’t have many controls or features, and is crude in that way. However, you can still find out what type or extension that file was, and what was in it! Recommended. See also SynWrite, Universal Viewer, LopeEdit, and IrfanView, and Edxor – all on this page –  for opening files that windows won’t open, or that you want to view directly. If you want to know what a file is or does, without opening it, use ExeView or Universal Viewer.    }download the free icon editor from here. A good substitute for Microangelo, if you don’t want to be pestered to buy. Pleasant appearance, easy to use.   }Our main server rotation is Pointers to freenode currently include,,, and Please see our acknowledgements page for the generous groups and organizations who have helped us to provide this service. The network needs servers on the Pacific Rim and in the Americas. If you think you might be able to help our community in this way, please take a look at the server hosting page and email us at hosting at freenode dot net. Thanks! If you’re running Tor, access is available via our hidden service. The following table lists freenode client servers. Please be aware that the below list is at no time authoritative, and as such our advice is to connect using If you are using one of the servers below and it’s not working, please check that it’s in and select another server from that list if it’s not.    }an online freeware site. It appears very extensive and well organized, and is a newer site. We haven’t yet tested many of the specific freeware or apps from this site, but found the ‘Internet Tools’ page, the URL here, to have useful tools. Try their top 100, new files, and best essential.    }and their page of freeware utilities. }”We currently have fifteen freeware applications available for Windows and above, including Vista, Windows 7, & Windows 10: Funduc Software Touch, Funduc Software Code Format, Count Characters, Decode Shell Extension, DupBlock, Folder Synchronize Script Editor, Limit Edit, FSHED, HexView, FS ZIP Extractor, TZAdjust, SR Regular Expression Wizard, Word Search and Replace, Excel Search and Replace, and PowerPoint Search and Replace. A Japanese version of HexView is also available. We hope you find them useful!  If “free” is what brought you here, we also hope you take a look at our shareware utilities. The downloads are free and you’ll find that all our programs safely install on your system without “messing up” your setup or putting stray files in your Windows or System subdirectories.  Also — NONE of our registered, shareware, or freeware products contain any hidden ‘spyware’!  We also hope that you will visit the courtesy links to our supporters & friends! “    }FoxyProxy Standard is now installed. DL 2015. Replacement:    }FoxyProxy is an advanced proxy management tool that completely replaces Firefox’s limited proxying capabilities. For a simpler tool and less advanced configuration options, please use FoxyProxy Basic. FoxyProxy can be configured to use Tor on Firefox.   }a tool to get information about a link before visiting it. Use it to: Preview tinyurl,,,, or any other short URLs. Very useful for Twitter users. Works with all URL shortening services! See the original URL of a short URL before visiting it. Find out where a URL redirects. Get a webpage’s title and description to decide whether it is appropriate/safe/secure to visit. Get more info about a YouTube video to decide if you should watch it. Determine if a website contains malicious software or is a phishing site. Recommended. }is free image and photo editing software for computers that run Windows. We like it much better than the bundled MS Paint, and it is simpler and more fun to use than the Adobe products, and GIMP. For the other image editors we use, see Julie Eclair’s PhotoList .  She does reviews and recommendations there. See also on her blog, Julie Eclair's Castle, the PhotoList . }here’s a pretty good collection of tools, so-called “admin tools”. Some of the links were already dead, in our tests. The apps we tested from this website are reviewed on various Lists. Some of the apps from this list are in this edition of This List. We tried the SolarWinds products, and found that we didn't need them, and that some were not freeware. We found that NetStumbler was a little outdated (in 2017), and that it was not quick to use, but required set-up or configuration. We prefer apps that do as much of their own work as possible. For example, NetStumbler ought to be able to automatically detect the IPA you're connected to; the IPA of any webpage currently loaded in your browser; and so on and so forth. Some of the other network scanners were too old or Not Recommended for other reasons. Of course, we use WireShark; it is one of the world's best applications for what it does, and we find it to be impressive. We tried both the NTFS Permissions Explorer and the Xirrus Wi-Fi Inspector and now no longer use either of them. We still use WirelessNet View from Nirsoft, and have tested all of the Nirsoft applications. The list is long, 101 tools as it says; so ask us which one you want information about. We have tested most but of course, not all, of them. Note that apps which worked on earlier versions of Windows often don't on subsequent versions, and not in a way that a compatibility setting can fix. Many of the "admin tools" involve windows or network features that have different kinds of security, accessibility, and configuration, on the different versions of Windows. In particular, we always leave the system files protected, there is a setting for that on W8.1, for example, and Recommend it. Note finally that many of the tools on the webpage are redundant to each other, and redundant to apps we review here or on out other Lists.   }home site for Total Commander, a file manager for Windows (TM) similar to the Windows Explorer. Highly Recommended. We especially like it for synchronizing files and folders. Total Commander, Version 8.01, is the current version for Windows® 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/Vista/7, and Windows® 3.1. Total Commander is made to work with TeraCopy, and vice-versa. See also below for the other TC site. We find that this is equal to 7-Zip as a file zipper/unzipper. It does use 7zFM.exe internally for some of that, but you can customize TC to use others if you wish; and we have done this. On this page you’ll find apps that pack and unpack better than 7z, but some of them are slow, or have other limitations. Be sure to get all the plugins, extensions, or add-ons for Total Commander, to bring it up to “Pro” quality. Again, our criteria for the Best include, must be free, must be fast and small, must be easy to use and if possible fun, must have all the features you would look for or need, i.e., must be just as good as the huge, ponderous, expensive, over-developed Professional Apps that many buy.  We Recommend the plugins for TC.  2017 Update: Note that even though new versions of TC are developed and released, the plugins are often not kept up-to-date. Many of the plugins are old and, even if they still work, are useless. Also we Recommend that you use the automated plugin installer for TC. It is on the list as well. Note that you will want to share the TC plugins with your Universal Viewer, which automates that process. We have found that the plugin authors don't keep up with what's current, and it prevent TC from being as powerful as it could be.   }as with many of these hot, powerful, yet obscure apps we find and test and review for you, you will want the add-ons from this page, as well, same as plug-ins for other apps, etc. Note that the Universal Viewer uses most of the TC plug-ins as well. There are other sites which have plugins for the TC, but check the plugin's date before downloading and installing one; it may be old and outdated.   }DownThemAll! AntiContainer (Extension to a Firefox, Seamonkey extension). Make the resources behind container pages easily downloadable.This add-on requires DownThemAll!  AntiContainer is an extension and framework to DownThemAll! which allows the user to download resources that are normally hidden behind container pages.   }Addon for Mozilla Firefox: “Local Filesystem Links”:  . This Firefox extension scans pages for file:/// links and makes it possible to open them with the system’s file browser. The extension was created to assist people who like to use HTML pages to link to local files or files located on a network share. For example linking to local files from a wiki page.   }Redirect Control is a security add-on that enables you to allow or deny redirects from web pages. It displays the origin and destination of a request and lets you decide whether to perform the request or not. Following requests are allowed by default: If origin and destination of the request have the same base domain (e.g. abc.domain.tld -> xyz.domain.tld); Requests triggered by a link click; Requests matching user-defined rules.  Highly Recommended.  }With Snap Links Plus you can open multiple links in to new tabs by drawing a selection rectangle. You can also use it to click multiple check boxes, a single radio button, regular buttons and JavaScript links with a single action. Many other actions are available for the selected links such as open links in one new window, open each link in separate windows, copy links to the clipboard and more. For FF.   }the description and download page for the pdfviewer for firefox. Small, light, works well. Recommended. Works well with the docs viewer for firefox, also on this page. See elsewhere for our attempts to find out what “git” is, then a “github” will make sense.    }the URL for it.    }here is where you can find more useful USB “stick” tools. We use PeToUSB. PeToUSB is a Win32 GUI application for formatting and making bootable, USB Flash Memory Drives and USB HardDisks and optionally copying the output from a successful BartPE/WinPE build to the device. There are options to backup/restore the MBR on a device. Works; recommended.   }note that his workaround for enabling right-click on any website, does not work well in Chrome. The Chrome browser is the most user-unfriendly browser for downloads. See also “enable save” bookmarklet.    }we use and recommend glary utilities. Its one-click maintenance feature is very useful and convenient. If you have an older computer, or slower CPU, set glary utilities to high priority or real-time to speed it up. Award-winning freeware.   }Features: Individual tracker control: block or trust each tracker by site, category, or across the web. Instant on-page reporting of the trackers for each site you visit. Largest tracker database, with over 2,200 trackers and 4,500 scripts. Learn more about each tracker, its purpose, and data collection and retention practices.   }Ghostscript is an alternative pdf reader, if you don’t have or don’t want Adobe, and can be added to Irfanview as a plug-in or extension. It is also an interpreter for the PostScript “language”. Also, you’ll want the Ghostscript plug-ins for IrfanView, so that it can show pdf files. Ghostscript is old, but the website was last updated April 11, 2017.   }Link Gopher is a simple extension to extract links from Firefox. It extracts all links from web page (including embedded links), sorts them, removes duplicates, and displays them in a new tab for copy and paste into other systems.   Also, Link Gopher does the same for unique domains.    }Greasemonkey is a user script manager. It is an extension for the Firefox web browser. They have many useful scripts; Recommended if you use firefox. Firefox is also recommended by us; and we advise that you avoid both google chrome and microsloth internet explorer… for good reasons.   }User scripts put you in control of your browsing experience. Once installed, they automatically make the sites you visit better by adding features, making them easier to use, or taking out the annoying bits. The user scripts on Greasy Fork were written by other users and posted to share with the world.They’re free to install and easy to use. To use user scripts you need to first install a user script manager. For Firefox, the best choice is Greasemonkey. For Chrome: Tampermonkey . Other options exist. Once you’ve installed a user script manager, find a script you like on Greasy Fork and click the green Install button. The script is then installed and will run when you visit a site it applies to.    }this is one of the icon editors that we tested. It is a good editor, but wasn’t what we needed, so we aren’t using it at this time. “Greenfish Icon Editor Pro 3.31 (GFIE Pro) is a powerful freeware icon, cursor, animation, icon library and image editor.”   }this programmer has 2 good apps here, a file comparison app and a synchronize app. Both have been tested and work. Available bundled, and as plug-ins for Total Commander.Recommended.    }How to steal wifi and wifi network hacking products can be found here. Our WiFi Hacking products are easy to use and complete. Thank you for Choosing Hackers Catalog for your WiFi internet hacking needs. 2015 Update:  these apps are not free, and we try to carry free apps only for you. They are cheap, though; but not current. Here is a better list of more current apps:   }we disagree with the methods of some of these apps but they all work. Most are free, a few are pay-for. In our view, using dictionaries or other brute-force methods, is not very smart. That is, brute-force methods are very old, and almost all systems and apps are protected from them. For example, for many locations that ask for a password, they will lock-up or shut-down after too many attempts are made. One of the current apps, which is supposed to be high-quality, has a dictionary of 300 million words. The network will reject the connection after, say, just a few tries, etc.  More clever methods are protected against now, as well. For instance, too many companies know about Nmap – on this List – and how it works, and so, have their routers or whatever “shielded” against it, many now reject pings, etc. FYI.   }we’ve moved all the other glossaries and dictionaries to the JKU Academic Research List (and a few on other Lists), but, this site has interesting page and links. Also, it’s in Russian, but translates well.    }Generator hesheyVychislyaet hashes and checksums on strings.  This program calculates checksums and hashes (MD5, CRC32, SHA-1) from the specified string. The maximum length of data heshiruemyh – 100 kb. To decrypt the hash, use the following services: , .   } Literally, hacking is accessing something or somebody in internet without their permission or interest. While, speaking in summary, hacking is very easy job, it is like instead of using front door, finding the hidden door of a house and hijacking the precious things. Among all the hacking, hacking via IP address is one of the most common yet powerful beginning.   }Internet Monitor’s aim is to evaluate, describe, and summarize the means, mechanisms, and extent of Internet content controls and Internet activity around the world. The project helps researchers, advocates, policymakers, and user communities understand trends in Internet health and activity through research, analysis, and data visualization.    }The Berkman Center for Internet & Society is delighted to announce the launch of the Net Data Directory, a free, publicly available, searchable database of different sources of data about the Internet. The directory is intended to make finding useful quantitative data about a broad range of Internet-related topics—broadband, cybersecurity, freedom of expression, and more—easier for researchers, policymakers, journalists, and the public.    }Brutus is one of the fastest, most flexible remote password crackers you can get your hands on – it’s also free. It is available for Windows 9x, NT and 2000, there is no UNIX version available although it is a possibility at some point in the future. Brutus was first made publicly available in October 1998 and since that time there have been at least 70,000 downloads and over 175,000 visitors to this page. Development continues so new releases will be available in the near future. Brutus was written originally to help me check routers etc. for default and common passwords.    }best desktop calendar we could find. Small, fast, simple. Date on sys tray, easily visible. Recommended.    }download URL for the calendar.   }yes, lots of fast, small apps for useful things on this site. You must have noticed, that we have several such collections as this for you on this List. –You’re welcome. This is his timesync, which synchronizes your system clock with the NIST atomic clock. Our laptop’s clock lost 5 seconds over a month or two. TimeSync gets the current time from a NIST server, and adjusts the PC clock if necessary. Although the exact time is also supplied by Windows or (probably) by your router, you may want to have an extra tool that checks the time at your will. Time and date are displayed according to the user’s regional settings. Accuracy is usually within a second. TimeSync will try alternative servers, in case the time cannot be obtained from the preferred server.    }this is the webpage to PDF converter that we referred to. 2014 Update: site appears to be non-functional, but still at the URL.   }this is the best of the MAC address-company finders. We tested several others, and two apps failed completely, one desktop and one in the browser, which we thought would succeed.   }this online MAC address finder failed, but it has several other lists, categorized, by for example Bluetooth, SNAP protocol IDs, “The CFxxxx Series”, Ethernet numbers, and so on, which you might want to look up.   }We recommend this app, Customize Folder Shell Extension. Small freeware app that works well; change background image or icons for folders easily with this, more. Also has 1000 free icons. To down load the app,   }use this link. Not recommended for OS after Vista.   }iGadgetware is an initiative to collect and create stories from the Technology World. Our aim is to collect all information about #SocialMedia #Gadgets, #Mobile #Entertainment and each category of our website and post to iGadgetware. Which will be benefit for our readers. We look forward to hear your comments, feedback and suggestions. Here you can get all information about Latest gadgets, software reviews, tech news, Product reviews and more tech stuff..!!    }we tested several freeware image burners and iso apps, and, this one is by far the best image burner. It is very user-friendly, gives very complete and detailed information about the medium, the files, the images, and everything that it does, and is fast, and has given us several flawless multi-media and OS CDs. It works just as well for DVDs. Highly recommended. We will list the other freeware apps tested here, rather than on VideoList, where the A/V apps are reviewed.   }We searched for some time for a utility that would let me mirror a remote http site to my hard drive with Windows 95. While there are several utilities to do this, we couldn’t find any that we liked. Specifically, we wanted to be able to do it from the command line so that we could call it from a script, and we wanted duplicate files on our local drive for subsequent processing by another application. When we found wget for the unix environment, we decided to port it to Windows, download link below. And here:    }explains what the WGET is.    }Website Informer is a special service for web masters that gathers detailed information on websites. The service is very easy-to-use — simply search for the URL, keyword or install our Widget and there you go!  Get a quick aggregated view of everything the Web can promptly tell you about a site (domain), including its daily visitors, safety status, Alexa rank, owners and much more. You just enter and IP or URL, or use the bookmarklet or plugin.   }The Internet Traffic Report monitors the flow of data around the world. It then displays a value between zero and 100. Higher values indicate faster and more reliable connections. The Internet Traffic Report (ITR) wants to continue to provide useful information about networks from around the world. We want to make this information as accurate as possible! The free ITR Client for Windows is now available for download, and allows you to monitor ITR in realtime, test your connection when problems occur and more!    }we use Advanced System Care from Iobit, and recommend it. It is similar to some of the other apps on this list, but combines many features all into one app. Like most of the freeware, they use some features to push you to “upgrade” (purchase their pro version). However, for some of the apps both shareware and freeware, the pro version offers very few improvements. This app can improve Windows performance in some ways that the other don’t, except for DTaskManager. }Free IP Address Lookup. What is my IP? IP address finder, Speedtest and more. An IP address (Internet Protocol Address) is a logical address of a network adapter. The IP address is unique and identifies computers on a network.   }Alas, the homepage of I. Pauly, the developer of Bootice, seems to be gone. We recommend this app as another portable media sector tool, especially for the boot sector. After hunting all over for a download site for you, we finally found    }downloads a zip file. We recommend 7-Zip to extract it; with 7-Zip you can test first and then extract to any folder. We also recommend Total Commander as an alternative extractor. Both are better than windows own extractors.   }gives your IPA (internet protocol address), which is usually abbreviated to IP. 2015 Update:  Link is Phished now.  Instead use:  }an advanced and absolutely private server-side website visitor surveillance, analytics and statistics service app that provides additional features not available on other website data aquisition platforms. It is built on a proprietary software technology developed from the ground up by a computer software development facility originally based in Massachusetts, USA. is a spam free service.   }the info that this page offers is good, but, the whois(domain) finder failed to find a .com site that is known to exist now: FYI. However, the domain info finder did work correctly. In general, we’ve had difficulty using this site and it generally produces no results. 2015 DL.  Replacement:   }this is the closest thing to the old website. Recommended. Online DNS tool, MX lookup, SSL Tools, Network Port List, Online Network Tools, Fast DNS lookup, OpenSSL tools, Online network reports IP owner, certificates, routing lookup, RBL lookup, Scan IP, web certificate, mail server certificate.   }see   }This is the Homepage of 7-Zip with support for Zstandard, which is a fast lossless compression algorithm, targeting real-time compression scenarios at zlib-level compression ratio. Github link is to the binaries (exes or files that unpack exes) for the new 7-Zip with Z-Standard (see 7-Zip, above).   }This add-on enables you to allow or deny redirects from web pages. Redirect Control is a security add-on that enables you to allow or deny redirects from web pages. It displays the origin and destination of a request and lets you decide whether to perform the request or not. We find this to be one of the most important extensions to have. This add-on is not available for Chrome; but for Chrome there are two extensions for the opposite use: the user can create redirects from one URL to another.   }the authors of the FB page claimed that there were binaries of Z-Standard here, but, Dr. Dae and me were unable to find any.   }We recommend this Irfanview. It is compact and fast, and combines many features that you would normally find in separate applications. It’s described as a graphic viewer, but you can listen to sound files, view videos, make slideshows (with .scr extension so that you can use them as screensavers on windows, or with an .exe extension) and panoramas, etc. We think that you’ll like this freeware. One drawback: when you make panoramic images from your image files, or make screensavers from your images, with the .scr or .exe extensions, the image quality is somewhat reduced from the originals. Irfanview has a variety of ways, however, to specify reproduction or processing formats and protocols. Also does batch processing of images and other files. For the other image viewers that we Recommend, see Julie Eclair’s PhotoList  .  Download and install all the plugins for Irfanview.    }website checks selected site to see if it is ‘up’ or ‘down’; says if it is “down just for you” or not. Short URL: . Also lists status of the most popular websites.   }quick links to various online search tools. However, merely a sampling compared to our research lists and the language tools below. All of our links are quick links. For example, see JKU Research List at .   }example: this page/app pings your IP from 50 locations worldwide. 2015 this redirects to a webpage selling an application. Replacement:   }Pingdom Tools – Ping test and Traceroute are distributed versions of the popular network tools, available directly from your browser. With these tools you’ll get an outside view of your network response time and network topology, which allows you to track down possible errors more easily. This is the best replacement for that we could find.   }the homepage for the Javvin dictionaries and glossaries. This page also has links to quick guides, books, and so on. }links for network analysis, tools, books, and so on. Site has many links that you won’t find elsewhere together, i.e., network or security protocols in Chinese and English, data on Chinese tech, etc., next to standard IT and network institutions, etc. DL 2012. See Language Tools and Dictionaries on JKU Academic Research List  for  replacements.   }Wireless Communications Technology Map Poster.   }his homepage. "My programs are freeware. There are no strings attached, no nags, no ads, and no timebombs. Those that enjoy my programs and wish to make a small donation can do so on this website via the Donate page. Donations ensure that my programs continue to improve and don't fade away into the void. I've been working on my programs and this site since late 2001 and will continue to do so. Big thanks for all of your support."   }”Below are some of my favorite freeware programs. Some of these programs I’ve used for years on my personal systems.” We have used some of those programs as well! We Recommended joejoesoft and the apps on this favorites page of his. We used Metapad, and tried notepad++ as an alternative. But the best small, quick notepad is MemPad, from    }The best notepad++ replacement is probably LopeEdit, see below.   }an online virus scanner that actually works. We tested a likely file (.wmv) and Jotti used 20 different virus scanners on it. Nice work. The file was clean, BTW. And it’s free: recommended.   }we found this old URL had been already reviewed, but not added to this List! Our mistake. This is a powerful and use ful set of command-line programs for the admin, or for your own computer or home network. "This website is dedicated to delivering powerful windows utilities for free so administrators can more effectively manage their environments. Please feel free to browse and download what you like. "   }here are the actual free tools. Recommended. Minimalist coding, enjoy.    }Inno Setup is a free installer for Windows programs. First introduced in 1997, Inno Setup today rivals and even surpasses many commercial installers in feature set and stability. Don’t forget to check out the Inno Setup newsgroups, the primary source for Inno Setup support (web-based interface available). Additionally, a large number of questions and answers can be found on Stack Overflow. Key features: Support for every Windows release since 2000, including: Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8,Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows 2000. (No service packs are required.) Extensive support for installation of 64-bit applications on the 64-bit editions of Windows. Both the x64 and Itanium architectures are supported. (On the Itanium architecture, Service Pack 1 or later is required on Windows Server 2003 to install in 64-bit mode.) Supports creation of a single EXE to install your program for easy online distribution. Disk spanning is also supported. Standard Windows wizard interface. …Yes, it may be used completely free of charge, even when deploying commercial applications. However if you wish to show your appreciation and support its development you can make a donation.   }the easy way to paste text and images. A quick way to get things “published” online, since it generates an URL immediately, which does work; but probably not suitable for serious uses. Here's the pasting page:    }Just paste it!   }these are the registry edits for XP. We used XP for all our windows apps, since it was similar to both the 16-bit OS and the 64-bit OS, the only one that was. Today, we mostly use W8.1 .   }600 ready-to-use registry edits for XP. All of the ones that we tested worked correctly.   }By starting using (later – resource) you agree that you have read, understood and agreed to the rules listed in the conditions of use (see below). Cracked serial numbers (s/ns).   }so, this is the best freeware pdf viewer that we have found. Those of you with older computers, or computers with small memories, will know how big and pushy the Adobe pdf viewer is, this one is lighter and faster, and has all the basic features that you would need. Recommended.    }online alarm clock, for those that are online a lot and need to be awakened at a certain time. Works even if the internet connection goes down. Simple; we Recommend it.    }Recovers “once in a lifetime” moments thought to be lost forever! Photorecovery® 2015 recovery software is designed to recover images, movies and sound files from all types of digital media. It is the #1 data recovery software for Memory Stick™s, SmartMedia, CompactFlash I & II, Micro Drives, SD/XD cards, MMC, USB flash drives and most other forms of digital media. Simply attach the media to your computer (a card reader is recommended) and run PHOTORECOVERY® 2015. The pictures are automatically saved off to another location.    }well, if you are a system administrator, or if for any other reason, you just have to have all the NirSoft apps, this is the way to get them all at once. “Windows only: portable application NirLauncher bundles 100+ of the best NirSoft utilities into a single launcher window, and even allows you to add your own utilities to make a killer flash drive toolkit.” And if you want those, then you will also want the SysInternals Suite, and Joe’s Freeware Tools. It is very easy to add apps to the NirLauncher. If you are doing some serious windows system work, NirLauncher, with at least the Nirsoft bundled apps and the Sysinternals, is Highly Recommended for you. We Highly Recommend the Nirsoft apps anyway; Nir Sofer is a person like us, and makes small, fast apps that are simple and easy to user. However, first you will want to read this:    }page with all the instructions and warnings, we recommend that you do not skip this page. Also, read the instructions for finding the other packages and making them available to the launcher. There is a download link at the bottom of the page. Or you can use:   }this link. There is a doc file with it, which shows the contents of the zip file. We use a firefox app that automatically detects documents linked to on a page, shows and icon, and then opens them from    }From there, you can then open them in a pdf/doc viewer. There are links to those apps, Firefox extensions, on this page. 2015 Update: you can also use other programmers’ packages on Nirlauncher, such as Piriform Tools, NTCore Utilites, MiTec Utilites, and JoeWare apps.    }”I searched for some time for a utility that would let me mirror a remote http site to my hard drive with Windows 95. While there are several utilities to do this, I couldn’t find any that I liked. Specifically, I wanted to be able to do it from the command line so that I could call it from a script, and I wanted duplicate files on my local drive for subsequent processing by another app. When I found wget for the unix environment, I decided to port it to Windows.” -from the website. If you aren't using a "legacy" OS on an old computer, then ignore this.    }automatic random password generator. You can specify upper/lower case, number, symbol, or space, and psw len from 4 to 42 characters (not bits). That is, Unicode alphameric chars. They don’t say how they guarantee randomness, but it is clean and fast to use.   }we use and recommend the File Menu Tools from Lopesoft. It adds a number of useful features to the right-click or context menu. For us, some of those features were redundant to apps and so on that we already had, but, having them one right-click away speeds up the work. Highly Recommended. We are also testing the editor, LopeEdit, now and will add it here later. 2013 Update: see below for LopeEdit. 2016 Update:  After using windows from XP-sp2 to 8.1, we have found that this File Menu Tools is probably the single most important tool we use, that isn’t a regular app. It provides a way out of many windows traps, both in windows, and in applications, as well.   }LopeEdit is one of the four apps we’ve chosen as the Best notepad replacements. Both of these apps have many features that coders, techs, and programmers would look for. So, they go basically far beyond being merely replacements for notepad. (And Notepad2, is still better than the new notepad in W7 and W8, BTW.) We use the “Light” version, since it is the free one; the Pro version has even more convenient features, such as code templates manager, external tools, multiple clipboards management, buit-in hexadecimal editor. Light version has a built-in file browser, find results widows, quick view, open files from Net (similar to Total Commander), syntax highlighting for a dozen languages, printing preview, configurable tool bars and menues. Recommended. See also Notepad2, the other app we’ve picked, which works very well with this one. Remember that our criteria are, must be freeware, or at the most “generous” shareware; must be small and fast, must run in 32-bit and 64-bit OS. It also must be simple, easy (as possible) to use, and so on. Lope Edit is the best as a text editor, but not as good for a quick notepad or for quick code changes. The download link    }is here. We like Notepad2, a fast and light-weight Notepad-like text editor with syntax highlighting. This program can be run out of the box without installation, and does not touch your system's registry, better than windows' notepad++.  See also Notepad3, below. What is the 4th application?  We thought you’d never ask.  See also Edxor, below.    }we usually carry only freeware here, but, this link is to the “basic” version of the software, and less espensive than the “enterprise” or “professional” versions. Recovers passwords for MS Word, Excel, and Powerpoint files (including version 2013), email accounts, network connections, local Windows Administrators, and more. Includes Encryption Analyzer to locate password-protected files on a computer. Uses advanced password recovery attacks: Dictionary, Xieve, Brute-force, Known Password/Part, Previous Passwords, and their combinations. Includes a Wizard for easy setup of password recovery attacks. Supports password modifications, including case changes, reversed words, etc. Combines attacks for passwords like “strong123password”. All recovered passwords are saved and ready to be reused on other files. Demo version recovers either the first 3 letters of passwords, or passwords containing no more than 3 characters. Demo version allows each of the attacks to work for up to 1 minute. For Windows Administrators, demo version resets a ‘Demo12345’ password only.   }Passware Kit scans the physical memory image file (acquired while the encrypted disk was mounted, even if the target computer was locked), extracts all the encryption keys, and decrypts the given volume. Such memory images can be acquired using Passware FireWire Memory Imager (included in Passware Kit Forensic), or third-party tools, such as ManTech Physical Memory Dump Utility or win32dd. BitLocker is a data protection feature available in Windows systems starting from Vista. TrueCrypt is a software application that creates virtual hard disks with real-time encryption.   }Using Firewire: If the target computer is turned off, but the encrypted volume was mounted during the last hibernation, skip this step. Take the hiberfil.sys file from the target computer or its hard drive image and use this file as a memory image for decryption. Requirements for Memory Acquisition: The target computer is turned on and the encrypted volume is mounted. Both the target computer and the computer used for acquisition have FireWire (IEEE 1394) ports. A FireWire cable.   }The Lumen database collects and analyzes legal complaints and requests for removal of online materials, helping Internet users to know their rights and understand the law. These data enable us to study the prevalence of legal threats and let Internet users see the source of content removals.   }if you want to use x-setup, which we Recommend, here is the pro version with a serial number for it. Very good for XP and all previous versions of windows. This is legal since the company went out of business in 2010.   }new k-lite mega code pack available only from this link. For a complete list of multimedia apps, see Julie Eclair’s VideoList at  .    }How to use: navigate to the search engine, place the mouse pointer over the search engine’s search box, press the right mouse button (Mac: press Ctrl and click), choose “Add to Search Bar” from the context menu, Choose Name and Icon and press Ok.   }Update 27aug13: a few of these apps were suitable and so are here now. Most were not, and the rest DLs, redirects, etc.    }USB-Backup is a free Graphical user interface for creating encrypted backups to external media. It is distributed under the GPLv2-License.  For the compression and the backup format itself the proven and very good compressing Open Source Software 7-Zip is used. The assurance is based on the so-called differential backup. In this method, the first backup is a “full backup” of the desired data is then updated only by updates. This way, only the first backup is time consuming and each additional update goes quite quickly. Furthermore, one can quickly restore all the data again in case of emergency.  -Recommended.   }we used the microangelo toolset 6, and it is probably the best icon app on the Web. It isn’t freeware; the trial is for 30 days, then to purchase. However, if you look around, you can find copy of the app that doesn’t expire after 30 days. There are other freeware icon apps, and we’ve listed a couple of them here. If you are working with icons a lot, there are also some large icon archives on the web:    }330,228 icons, 1,606 icon sets. These are all free. Note that our consultant, Julie Eclair, has told us of another way to make HQ icons. She said, make them in Inkscape so that they are .svg; then just reduce the image down to icon sizes.    }has been around since 1997. “First as hobby developed software, later as very popular and worldwide used software and lately as a company that offers development and web solutions. We still offer our mostly freeware and some shareware programs to the world. Some of the programs are very popular, making together now over 5 million downloads worldwide and still rising. The popularity is increased by several reviews in printed magazines, online download sites and even books. The secret of Miha’s utilities success is that we love to create them and that they really help people save their time working with digital photos, graphics or the internet. “ Recommended. More small, fast, free apps.   }MW Snap: this utility is a great tool for making screen snapshots of all kinds, saved as bmp, jpg, gif, tiff, or png. This is the fastest and easiest to use of the screen snapshot apps. Better than the windows snipping tool.   }this works in windows OS up to 8.1. Works well, except that the weather report location can’t be changed from the default (Czech). Main window is Windows-taskbar-like window with auto hide feature. There are displayed most important information about your computer. When switched on News Ticker fed by RSS Reader is displayed with scrolling news. Current Weather Conditions, Event Coundown, System Up-Time, Power Supply, Disk Information, CPU Usage, Process with highest CPU Usage, Memory Usage, Dayname and Date, Current Time. To change which RSS feed the infobar shows, go to RSS preferences as paste in the one you want there.  I like the NY Times, Jone likes the SF Chronicle. Note that the Infobar sometimes crashes. Also, if you need to move the taskbar, it can get in the way. Example: if you're using an app that displays the important info at the bottom of the screen - typical - you'll want to move the taskbar to the top, where the Infobar is. The Infobar is not as easy to move around, so you'd end it then. Of course, you could move the taskbar to the left or ride side, but we have found that it is even more in the way there.   }his machine journal viewer. It is simple, fast, and works on windows OS up toW10.    }This application allows to read files containing Windows 9x,NT,2K,XP,2K3,7,8 and 10 registry hives. It extracts many useful information about configuration and windows installation settings of host machine. Registry hive can be exported into REGEDIT4 format. Every topic data can be saved to CSV. It’s designed in Multiple Document Interface. Free to use for both private and commercial users. Note: after XP or Vista, you will have to turn off the protection for the system files and disable windows defender, to be able to use this app and apps like it. We have several other Registry apps on this and other Lists.    }the MiTec downloads page. A few of these apps cost, most are freeware. Highly Recommended.   }Keep up with time. A minimalist clock on the new tab page showing the current time, date, and weather. Both the background colour and the text colour are fully customizable. Weather is from HAM weather’s Aeris API. Inspired by Rainfall’s Currently and ViJo’s Big Clock Background. For those of you who want the thin font back, install the newest version (it’s not been reviewed yet but that shouldn’t be a problem).    }Squared tabs, appmenu, add-on bar, small button view and many more ‘old’ features for Firefox 29+ (Windows / MacOSX / Linux).    }This Firefox extension scans pages for file:/// links and makes it possible to open them with the system’s file browser. The extension was created to assist people who like to use HTML pages to link to local files or files located on a network share. For example linking to local files from a wiki page.  Scans for local file system URIs (file:///) on any page. Click on the added icon to open the local link with the system’s file manager. Alternatively, select any text that forms a path (e.g. “C:\tmp\cow 1.txt”) and use the context menu.    }Play embedded video and download links in an external player such as VLC or MPC. Automated process of copying video source URL from network console and pasting into favorite player by intercepting HTTP video file requests. Highly recommend using with uBlock Origin to block Flash video adverts or something that stops videos playing automatically without user interaction. To activate use the toolbar icon and start the video in the browser as normal. The default player path is configured as ‘C:\Program Files\VideoLAN\VLC\vlc.exe’ … I use smplayer whatever works best for you … Only tested on windows but should work on other OS’s. Can configure settings to open any request with a specfic file extension (e.g. pdf) as long the program or media player supports it …    }You can download any media file (flash games, videos, images, swf, embedded and more) on the web. This add-on opens “Media” tab with a single click. Very easy to use! Easy Media Download. }Browserling. Extension for “testing” a webpage in one browser, in another browser. “This extension makes it even simpler. Once installed, it lets you test the current website that you’re browsing. Just click the extension, choose platform, browser and version, and you can start testing!”  In our tests, we discovered that it doesn’t open the page in your other browser in your desktop, but instead, opens it in a webpage, in the same browser. That page simulates, in this case, Chrome.  But in a webpage still on the FF browser. That is, it is similar to, but not a replacement for, Browser View Plus (Playlink). MFF is trying to block that extension, we don’t know why. Note that it is extremely difficult to find a working version of Browserling that works with the current Firefox version. We Recommend instead, the OpenWith extension. It can be downloaded from Github here  .   }this is Stress Relief. One of our favorite “legacy” freeware apps, Highly Recommended.    }this page for Password Book and USB Write Protect 2.0. Recommended. PasswordBook is a portable and simple application without any complexities which allows you to store your valuable passwords and notes securely using DES encryption. No installation is needed, just download ‘PasswordBook’ extract it in a folder and run. USB Write Protect allows you to protect valuable file(s) containing in your USB storage devices from accidentally modified or deleted and prevents unauthorized user from connecting their USB Storage Devices and copying your valuable files. We use the write protect on our own zip drives. }RegChange program monitors registry changes made during the installation of some programs. She herself is free and requires no installation. Works just as one-two-three takes a snapshot of the registry branch to install, installs the program (or if you take other actions with the registry), and compares them, storing the results in a text file. DL 2017. The original link is the dead one; the Archive link shown is still good. We translated some more of the Russian: "Despite the "convenient simplicity", it works with 100% efficiency. In version 2.5 added the ability to save the scan results on the hard disk for later comparison and analysis (for example, after restarting the computer)."  Recommended. We did find, however, that it did not work well on windows after XP. Replacements: Regshot , What Changed 1.07 , and  RegFromApp v1.33
Note about the apps from the deceased AloneWolfSoft website: for each of the apps shown, 
there are literally hundreds of similar apps available on the Web. No List can include them all, or all their links, but - after we introduce an app to you that you like, but did not know about before, you then have the descriptions, etc., to find your own, either from this List or from the Web. So, we still include these as examples of freeware apps that are available from dozens of freeware app sites.   }The program OpenWith allows you to view, add and edit the file association (explanation for the novice users : associate - means to specify what program opens the file with any extension). The program is free and does not require the installation and registration.   }Brutal Force – a program that implements the algorithms used in the title (ie straight through all the combinations) for guessing the password to a rar-or zip-archive. The unregistered version of the password length is limited to four characters, but it can be increased up to 50 characters. Also during registration you can edit the symbol table, which is carried out too much, and change the priority of the program. It has a simple user interface, requires no installation. To work it needs a file UnRar.exe, which comes with it. This UnRar.exe 3.20 Beta 4 freeware, the same file is in the standard distribution WinRar’a any version. If WinRar installed on your computer (C: \Program Files \WinRar), then the program takes it from there. (Note that all the text on the application panels is in Russian characters, which windows shows as question marks.) Update 2015. Brute-force password guessers won’t work anymore (2015) for 99% of all places where they would have worked in the past. So, apps like this one and John The Ripper ( ), and so on, are useful for study, teaching and learning now – but not much else. Replacements: Several crackers are listed here:   }In the past few years, programmers have developed many password cracking tools. Every tool has its own advantages and disadvantages. “In this post, we are covering a few of the most popular password cracking tools.”    }Five (“Five in a row”) – a puzzle game that requires attentiveness and intelligence. Built on the principle of tic-tac-toe on the 25×25. Good program, but no match for Jae Kamel. Five ("five in number of") - the logical game, requiring care and enthusiasm. Built on the principle of crosses-Gann's Angles) should be considered specifically on the field of 19x19. The program is free and does not require registration and installation.   }here we found another useful registry tool, the RegCorrector. We did debate whether or not to share “geeky” apps and tools with you, such as registry tools and DOS apps. However, we think that some of you who receive these Lists may be geeks, or know one, so, we’re including all of them for you. This site is in Russian. This is another one of those sites, where a clever programmer has shared his various apps and so on; they are the ones that give us all the best, fast, small freeware apps shown on this List. The RegCorrector works automatically to correct your choice of typical registry problems. Registry Corrector is поиcк and automatically corrects the error found in the Registry in the branches of Software Locations, Shared Programs, Help, Fonts, Sounds, Device Drivers, Extensions, COM/ActiveX Entries, Startup, Uninstall, and also removes from the registry temporary recording programs Internet Explorer (TypedURLs), GOERZEN (RecentFileList), WinRar (ArcHistory), Far (SavedDialogHistory) and other. Weekly run Registry Corrector will serve as a good prevention of errors in your operating system. The program is free and does not require registration and installation   } FAT Disk Browser – a low-level (raw) disk viewer (Boot Sector, MBR, Root Directory and sector data) in various encodings (Text, Dec, Hex, Dir), easy to navigate across clusters, sectors and directories. Additional functions: Searching for the cluster of any file, drive map. Worked well in our tests. FAT Disk Browser - low-level (посекторный) viewer disk (Boot Sector, MBR, Root Directory and the sector with data) in various encodings (Text,Dec,Hex,Dir) with easy navigation on clusters, sectors and directories.Additional features: search entry in the cluster of any file,  map the drive. Compatibility: FAT32. The program is free and does not require registration and installation.   }FDRestorer – a program to recover deleted files with a standard floppy disk (1.44 Mb). That is, before there were geeks, there were nerds; and also, there were hackers; and some of us still have old machines that use floppy disk. 30may17 Update: the program is still available here.  FDRestorer - program recovery of deleted files with standard floppy disk (1.44 Mb). The probability of the correct recovery depends on: - The physical condition of the surface of the disk; - that has not been written to the top of a restore another file; - Fragmentation restore the file. When the first terrific chain FAT, the corresponding file. If the "line of Life" file is saved after the delete and is contiguous, file is restored to the chain of clusters of fat, otherwise the file will be restored direct посекторным reading the disc. It is important to ! As the directory for the recovery do not choose the disk not to inadvertently overwrite the file permanently ! The program is free and does not require registration and installation.    } FFRestorer – a program to recover deleted files from Flash-disk or any other removable drive with a FAT16 or FAT32. The probability of the correct recovery depends on:
- that has not been written to the top of a restore another file; - Fragmentation restore the file. When the first terrific chain FAT, the corresponding file. If the "line of Life" file is saved after the delete and is contiguous, file is restored to the chain of clusters of fat, otherwise the file will be restored direct посекторным reading the disc. It is important to ! As the directory for the recovery do not choose the current (Flash) drive not to inadvertently overwrite the file permanently ! The program is free and does not require registration and installation.    }Disk Browser – a low-level (raw) disk viewer with NTFS file system in various encodings (Text, Hex, File, Index), easy to navigate across clusters, sectors, MFT file and indices. The program is free, requires no registration and installation.    }The Netcraft Anti-Phishing Toolbar consists of a user interface implemented as a toolbar (a small extension that plugs into the Mozilla Firefox Browser) and central servers, able to respond quickly to large numbers of requests as each user moves around the web. The central servers are managed by Netcraft and hold the information about URLs and sites provided by the the Toolbar community and Netcraft.   }a “global quick view, based on a rolling 30-day average, easily review and then drill down to the city-level to learn about current broadband in your area.”  2015 Update: “Ookla Net Index has been discontinued. Ookla is devoted to providing world-class products and services. Sometimes that means saying goodbye to old sites, like Net Index, and hello to new ones…”  Replacement:   }National Broadband Map: how connected is my community? Enter any address in the search box to find it, or use the list below by state or area. “The National Broadband Map (NBM) is a searchable and interactive website that allows users to view broadband availability across every neighborhood in the United States. The NBM was created by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), in collaboration with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and in partnership with 50 states, five territories and the District of Columbia. The NBM is part of NTIA’s State Broadband Initiative. The NBM is updated approximately every six months and was first published on February 17, 2011.” The State Broadband Initiative was created by the NTIA, to encourage economic growth by facilitating the integration of broadband and information technology into state and local economies.    }net index explorer. Navigate current and historical data via an interactive map that enable you to examine detailed data at the city-level and build dynamic performance comparison charts. 2015 Update: “Ookla Net Index has been discontinued. Ookla is devoted to providing world-class products and services. Sometimes that means saying goodbye to old sites, like Net Index, and hello to new ones…”  Replacement:   }Description: This map displays broadband technologies offered to end users (e.g. DSL, cable, wireless, fiber, etc.).  The National Broadband Map is a tool to search, analyze and map broadband availability across the United States.   }Free anonymous WordPress blogs for activists and agitators. Get free, anonymous blogs at NETWORK23.ORG… Why should I? The bigger corporate blog and web site providers such as blogger or are required to hand over the details of users to the authorities. We don’t keep any details to hand over (apart from your email). We think this project is a good way to support freedom of expression, decentralisation of online content and the open web.   } After a long break while some of us pursued personal projects and other forms of activism Anarchy Computer Corp are pleased to announce we are back. You will notice nothing has changed since our last post so none of the old megaupload links have been updated yet. We had to ‘dispose’ of some of our hard drives so lost some of the software we had but while posting new things over the coming months we will be sorting out the old links, deleting the old megaupload ones and replacing them with new download links where possible or directing you to places we trust where you can find that particular software we once hosted with megaupload.    }Ping, Trace, Whois (IDN Conversion Tool), DNS Records (Advanced Tool), Network Lookup, Spam Blacklist Check, URL Decode, URL Encode, HTTP Headers SSL, Email Tests. 2016 Update: we have found that you might want to double-check the IPA it uses. Use, say, , and then copy that IPA into the Network Tools Ping Test.    }beginner’s guide to flash. Note that if you’re using a script-blocker in your browser, you won’t see the Guide. Allow scripts to see it. The webpage is somewhat difficult to use, and we won’t recommend those. However, the tutorial is simple and easy to read. There’s a link to an Adobe page which is supposed to be shareware version of Flash, but now (29 May 2013) you have to sign-in, etc. there.    }web site provides a unique collection of small and useful freeware utilities, all of them developed by Nir Sofer. Some of these apps didn’t work, but some did, and were very useful to us. Check these out. Warning: if you have Symantec installed, especially their endpoint protection, it will disable some of the utilities from nirsoft. It is a very invasive anti-virus package, and changes your files on your portable drive(s). We recommend complaining to Symantec about their invasive, such as we did. All of the nirsoft apps are free from viruses, malware, and Trojan horses, and pose no threat to any system. See also Nir Launcher. 2015 Update:  Nir Sofer is no longer online making these useful, small, fast windows apps. So, we suggest that you download what you want now. Most of his apps were still current through 2013 and windows 7.  2017 Update:    }NirSoft is back (30may17).    }we recommend this file-types manager. It is the only one of its kind on the Web that is small, fast, and “indy”. We also use his ServiWin ( ), and several other apps from that site. Recommended.   }SearchMyFiles v2.73 – Alternative to ‘Search For Files And Folders’ module of Windows + Duplicates Search. “SearchMyFiles is an alternative to the standard “Search For Files And Folders” module of Windows. It allows you to easily search files in your system by wildcard, by last modified/created/last accessed time, by file attributes, by file content (text or binary search), and by the file size. SearchMyFiles allows you to make a very accurate search that cannot be done with Windows search. For Example: You can search all files created in the last 10 minutes with size between 500 and 700 bytes. After you made a search, you can select one or more files, and save the list into text/html/csv/xml file, or copy the list to the clipboard. SearchMyFiles is portable, and you can use it from a USB flash drive without leaving traces in the Registry of the scanned computer. “   }WhatInStartup v1.35 . “This utility displays the list of all applications that are loaded automatically when Windows starts up. For each application, the following information is displayed: Startup Type (Registry/Startup Folder), Command-Line String, Product Name, File Version, Company Name, Location in the Registry or file system, and more. It allows you to easily disable or delete unwanted programs that run in your Windows startup. You can use it on your currently running instance of Windows, as well as you can use it on external instance of Windows in another drive. WhatInStartup also supports a special “Permanent Disabling” feature – If a program that you previously disabled added itself again to the startup list of Windows, WhatInStartup will automatically detect the change and disable it again. “ Highly Recommended.   }install and update all your programs at once. 1. Click all the apps you want; you can learn more about a program by hovering over it. 2. Click Get Installer and run it. Ninite installs apps for you in the background. No clicking next. We say NO to toolbars or other junk. 3. Run it again later. Your installer will update apps to the latest versions. If something is up-to-date we’ll skip it.   }the official source for downloading Nmap source code and binaries for Nmap and Zenmap. Source code is distributed in bzip2 and gzip compressed tar files, and binaries are available for Linux (RPM format), Windows (NSIS executable installer) and Mac OS X (.dmg disk image). Find all of this at . Nmap has traditionally been a command-line tool run from a Unix shell or (more recently) Windows command prompt. This allows experts to quickly execute a command that does exactly what they want without having to maneuver through a bunch of configuration panels and scattered option fields. One downside of the command-line approach is that it can be intimidating for new and infrequent users. Nmap offers more than a hundred command-line options, although many are obscure features or debugging controls that most users can ignore. Many graphical front-ends have been created for those users who prefer a GUI interface. Nmap has traditionally included a simple GUI for Unix named NmapFE, but that was replaced in 2007 by Zenmap, which we have been developing since 2005. Zenmap is far more powerful and effective than NmapFE, particularly in results viewing. Zenmap’s tab-based interface lets you search and sort results, and also browse them in several ways (host details, raw Nmap output, and ports/hosts). It works on Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, and other platforms.   }Zenmap is the official graphical user interface (GUI) for the Nmap Security Scanner. It is a multi-platform, free and open-source application designed to make Nmap easy for beginners to use while providing advanced features for experienced Nmap users. Frequently used scans can be saved as profiles to make them easy to run repeatedly. A command creator allows interactive creation of Nmap command lines. Scan results can be saved and viewed later. Saved scans can be compared with one another to see how they differ. The results of recent scans are stored in a searchable database.   }This section contains only very small utilities. If you’re interested in more important programs, visit the products page. You will find freeware software like the Explorer Suite. NTCore is the result of many years of experience. The main purpose of this project is to investigate about system internals and software security, in order to build the best software of its kind for developers and companies. In addition to a good number of free tools, NTCore offers (hopefully) the best (and sometimes the first) technical information about related topics to its products. For direct contact write at: .   }the CFF Explorer was started as a side project many years ago. While I will continue to release updates from time to time, it is not going through radical improvements. If your organization needs professional PE inspection (not editing), then you might take a look at Cerbero Profiler (the commercial product of my company), which properly supports many file formats beyond the complete Portable Executable specification. In addition to that we also offer a completely free PE viewer for the community called PE Insider. a freeware suite of tools including a PE editor called CFF Explorer and a process viewer. The PE editor has full support for PE32/64. Special fields description and modification (.NET supported), utilities, rebuilder, hex editor, import adder, signature scanner, signature manager, extension support, scripting, disassembler, dependency walker etc. First PE editor with support for .NET internal structures. Resource Editor (Windows Vista icons supported) capable of handling .NET manifest resources. The suite is available for x86 and x64. And here: }is the download link.   }page has old apps for windows. We downloaded mIRC, as a test. For those of you who don’t know, mIRC is the best of the free IRC interfaces that is still extant on the Web. Chatrooms!    }the old mIRC page.    }download page for mIRC7.22. }free online file format converter. Convert media files online from one format to another. There are several of these around today, but we still think this is one of the best ones. 100MB limit for free conversions. Online file and document converters are full fo ads, redirects, DLs, and scripts or apps that don't work, FYI.   }offers broadband testing and statistics, and comparison, and links to forums. We’ve used their tools, they’re Recommended. From this page link to the speed test , ping test   }network data (see above), and others.   }open office. This is a product and an open-source project which runs on all major platforms and provides access to all functionality and data through open-component based APIs and an XML-based file format. 2015 Update:  Warning!  some Open Office apps downloaded from online are corrupt or infected!  Avoid, for example, any site saying it is the “Apache Open Office” or “Apache”- anything open office. Those apps will destroy your documents, if they were made originally on Word.    }PaperScan Scanner Software is a powerful TWAIN & WIA scanning application centered on one idea: making document acquisition an unparalleled easy task for anyone. But it also provides advanced features like OCR, annotations or color detection. Universal Scanning Application, Automatic Color Detection, Import Images and PDF documents, Annotations, Image Adjustments and Enhancements, Various File Formats Saving, Batch Scanning With Separator Sheets Support, Quick-Scan Mode.    } is NOT a warez site, There are no illegal applications here. 2, is NOT a crackers site, There are no cracks or key-generators for commercial software here. Please DON’T ask me to crack passwords or programs for you, all such mails will be ignored ! 3. programs are freeware, Please don’t ask for registered version of the programs on this site ! 4. is not a virii site, Antivirus vendors could have signatures for some of the programs on this site. Cain & Abel v2.0 for example has been classified as a low-risk trojan virus even if the program’s features are all documented in the manual.rtf file and Abel (the server component) is completely visible (the blue icon in the system tray). I can assure to you that there are no viruses or hidden features in the programs from my site. Cain & Abel v2.0 does not infect files, it does not send your passwords over the Internet or anything like that…    }small apps for legacy computers. These are small, powerful apps that geeks love, and techs use.    }This viewer can display RSS feeds of version 0.91, 0.92, 1.0 and 2.0 as well as even the good old legacy format Scripting News 2. (Sorry, no Atom.) It provides a simple way to embed such RSS boxes in any valid HTML document via an automagically generated JavaScript tag — for free! Just enter the URL of any compatible RSS feed, modify the layout settings as you like and push the Reload button. When finished, copy the HTML code into your own web page – and voilà! The code behind this is written in JavaScript and runs completely in your browser*. You can get the source code together with all the other necessary files from the Github repository.    }lays Craig’s List apartment listings over Google maps. Works. Also, click on an area and it automatically enlarges and shows more details and so on.   }best small, freeware math graphing application.  “Graph is an open source application used to draw mathematical graphs in a coordinate system. Anyone who wants to draw graphs of functions will find this program useful. The program makes it very easy to visualize a function and paste it into another program. It is also possible to do some mathematical calculations on the functions. “   }makes really strong passwords, using a phrase and password you select, while you watch. Recommended. See also their hashing stuff (on this page).   }URL to pdf conversion site.   }pictview 1.94. “PictView is a DOS-based multiformat image viewer and converter, one of the fastest in the world. PictView supports more than 40 file formats in more than 140 versions. PictView is freeware, and you do not have to register to use it, however donations for the future development are very welcome. You may proceed directly to downloads. “ We are listing DOS apps here for those of you who use DOS in 16-bit or 32-bit computers. They also have a Windows version.    }Pingdom Website Speed Test. Enter a URL to test the load time of that page, analyze it and find bottlenecks. Pingdom offers cost-effective and reliable uptime and performance monitoring for your websites. We use more than 70 global polling locations to test and verify our customers’ sites 24/7, all year long. All tests are done with real web browsers, so the results match the end-user experience exactly. We use a bunch of instances of Google’s Chrome web browser to load websites, record performance data, and so on. Tests are done from dedicated Pingdom servers.    } is primarily a wiki, allowing developers to find, edit and add PInvoke* signatures, user-defined types, and any other information related to calling Win32 and other unmanaged APIs from managed code (written in languages such as C# or VB.NET). .NET developers worldwide can easily contribute to the community, sharing their valuable knowledge, whenever they have time to do so. * The term PInvoke is derived from the phrase “Platform Invoke”. PInvoke signatures are native method signatures, also known as Declare statements in VB.   }claims to be the best people finder on the Web. In our test, it was fast, found 2 out of 4 known-to-exist-online people (50% success rate), and displayed results that were organized, labeled, and easy to read. With the world's largest people search engine, Pipl is the place to find the person behind the email address, social username or phone number. Pipl is not always working, use caution to avoid redirects to pay-for services.   }this is the download page for Defraggler, which we recommend. It works well, and we found it very useful. The Quick Defrag setting is best, and is as fast as your USB drive is. (Can be used for any drive but we tested it on flash drives as well as on laptop disk-drives.) Recommended. }this is the download page for Speccy, which works well. We found it very useful: recommended.   } If you want to try it out, use the Piriform stock version, download from this page. If you’re already using it and like it, then you’ll want the Extensions too. They’re here:   }these make the CCleaner much more powerful, and obviously trying to compete with BleachBit, in our opinion. The extended Ccleaner works on XP and W7, we haven’t tested it on any other OS; see also their descriptions. We’ve used this on 3 different computers, works perfectly, portable.   }this is the homepage for Power Iso, another useful freeware app for iso and cd/dvd burning. You can make bootable images and discs with this. It has some other features that Image Burn doesn’t have, so, you’ll want both of them on your disk to use if you’re making bootable discs or images. There are also apps to make bootable USBs and images, and we’ll try to include the best of the small, fast, freeware versions here. Of course, Power Iso is not as small as some of the others, but we still Recommend it. Note: the freeware version is not on this webpage.    }those of you who have done some of your own downloading, will have noticed that we always give you the direct links for downloads, and never the downloaders and garbage that wants to put garbage on your computer. That’s what makes us better than search engines and websites that list many freeware apps, and so on.    }We recommend several free tools that can be used to compare Microsloth Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDF documents, remote files and directories, etc. These applications can be automatically configured for use in ExamDiff Pro during the installation.    }claims to convert any webpage to a print-friendly version. When tested, it only grabbed and converted the text portions, and left the graphics and ads untouched.    }generates theft-resistant passwords. The PwdHash browser extension invisibly generates these passwords when it is installed in your browser. You can activate this protection by pressing F2 before you type your password, or by choosing passwords that start with@@. If you don’t want to install PwdHash on your computer, you can generate the passwords right here.    }find Direct QB by Angelo Mottola here. “DirectQB is a game programming library entirely written in assembly 386 for QuickBasic 4.5. It has been mainly coded to fill the void into the weak graphics, input and sound capabilities of QB; it works in screen mode 13h (320×200 with 256 colors – the common SCREEN 13 for QB), supports keyboard, mouse and joysticks as input devices, and has a built-in sound engine that works with almost any SB compatible sound card. “ We collect old computers, and they use these kinds of programs.    }the Qbasic café. “What is QBasic / QuickBASIC? Explanation: QBasic as well as QuickBasic is an easy-to-learn programming language (and therefore ideal for beginners), based on DOS operating system, but also executable on Windows. Differences between QBasic and QuickBasic: QBasic is the slimmed-down version of QuickBasic. Compared to QuickBasic, QBasic is limited as it lacks a compiler. Therefore QBasic cannot be used to produce executables (.exe files). The source code (usually files with .bas extension) can only be executed immediately by the built-in QBasic interpreter. Furthermore, QuickBasic has a more extensive command set than QBasic.    }this is different from the usual password generators in that it makes a pronounceable password in one click.  }this page has a variety of commonly use resources listed all on one page as a “quick links” or “one click” page. However, it was last updated 28nov13, months ago. However, we found that it also has some novel links not on the usual “quick links’ pages, and also was very large and easy to read, suitable for mature humans or mobile-device users. We think you’ll enjoy this page.    }VNC enables you to remotely access and control your computers from another computer or mobile device, wherever you are in the world. It is used by individuals and by organizations across every industry sector for a range of different use cases, including providing IT desktop support to colleagues and friends, and accessing systems and services on the move.You deploy VNC to a computer you want to control and license it with a Free, Personal or Enterprise license key. You then deploy an appropriate VNC Viewer to the device you want to control from, and connect the two. If you are not sure which combination of products is right for you, use our product selector. If you are new to VNC, read our FAQ. See also III. Proxy Sites, below.    }a site for those seriously into the technicalities of Boot Sectors and such, they also have Bootice. We also use a tool from here, called UsbTool.exe, and if you’d like to use this freeware, go to    }The program is very simple way, installing the WinPE files to the USB devices. If the wim file is pure unedited file, it adds its own extras to wim file. Otherwise, the program only doing the installation winpe files to usb device. USB device has to be NTFS format. The program automatically makes it bootable the usb device. In fact, it is a simple the PE program. If you want, I can share with you the source code of the program.  Note: PE stands for Preinstalled Environment, Preinstallation Environment, and Portable Executable.
Also, Bootice can still be downloaded from here:    }BOOTICE is a Flash Drive Partitioning and Boot Sector Manipulation tool created by Pauly. Users might use it to quickly Partition and Format a USB Flash Drive from Windows. USB-FDD, USB-ZIP, and USB-HDD format options are available. Additionally the tool supports the ability to mark a partition active and make it bootable. This tool can also be used to backup, restore, or modify an MBR or PBR and much more. To conclude this flash drive partitioning tool makes for a great addition to any ones collection of Free USB apps. Links to 82 different applications and links. The USB tools are here:   }112 apps and links on this page.    }InfoHack Captures as much information as possible from the system its run on. Fast, excellent tool, but only for XP, Vista, and W7. Doesn't work on newer OS.    }powerful un-installer that completely removes the application: most of the apps own uninstallers do not do this.   We use this for basically every uninstall. Use caution with the “leftover files delete” section, which comes right after the registry-keys-delete section, and is last. Sometimes file paths which don’t belong to the app you’re uninstalling will be there. Also, when the number of files or file paths in this last section is very large, be alarmed, something is wrong.  Recommended. 2017 Update: We use only the version of this and don’t Recommend any other.    }we use and Recommend several apps from this site, and they’re listed here. Links good as of 2017.     }Use with caution; it may restore or reset System settings or features that you don’t want!     }Careful with reducing cache and other memory sizes in Firefox, might slow it down considerably. We actually set the cache to larger than the default size.     }Careful with reducing cache and other memory sizes in Firefox, might slow it down considerably. We actually set the cache to larger than the default size.     }Note that we Recommend and use both Notepad2 (above) and Notepad3.  Notepad3 can be installed with the option to remove the original Windows Notepad, Recommended, but it might also uninstall Notepad2; so keep second copy and move it back onto your drive afterwords, or keep the install zip and re-install it afterwords. Notepad3, when uninstalling Windows Notepad, might also uninstall Notepad++.    }Really important for all Windows OS after W7.    }you might not need this app, but, it is useful enough to have a copy stored just in case, for example, you used more than one computer or whatever.!   }handy tools on one page, like a swiss army knife for websites.   }this is the old Robtex site. Both sites are online. 2017 Update: most of the links on the old site now automatically redirect to the new one.   }Domain Name Server records. A domain name can be separated into different entities, or labels, consisting of the top-level domain (.com) and at least one sub domain ( In addition, there can be up to 127 levels of sub domains ( and To keep track of this, DNS-servers are assigned different zones containing domains of responsibility. This allows for the system to be balanced and decentralized. At the very top are thirteen root servers, listing the authoritative name servers for the top-level domains that make up the second level.    }IP Reverse DNS. As explained in the section on DNS, domains can be mapped to IP-addresses using A- and AAAA-records. However, the reverse is also true; an IP-address can be pointed to a domain name.    }Robtex is considered to be one of the very best collection of tools on the Web. Here’s from the “Route” tool-page:  ” An IPv4 address consists of 32 bits (four octets of 8 bits each), separated into two sections, called the network and the host, by an invisible border. The location of this border is in turn defined by a subnet mask, which is another set of 32 bits that when combined with the IP makes it possible for systems to determine which portion of the IP-address relates to the network, and which portion relates to the host. Since the introduction of Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) in 1993, networks are defined using a subnet mask separated from the IP by a slash (eg., meaning it contains all the IP-addresses between and The subnet mask (in this case ‘24’) is directly correlated to the amount of remaining bits out of the total of 32, once the network part of the address is accounted for. “   }Here is a list of "best" free PC optimization software. These PC optimization software let you optimize your PC easily. All these PC optimization software are completely free and can be downloaded to Windows PC. These PC optimization software offer various features, like: remove temporary files, remove unused files, clean privacy, cleans traces of your internet browser history, cleans registry and junk files to make your PC run faster, defragmentation, start-up manager, remove duplicate files, cleans log files, clear clipboard, clear DNS cache, remove memory dumps, file shredder, empty recycle bin and more. So, go through this list of free PC optimization software and see which ones you like the most.    }excellent collection of satellite software. “Welcome to David & Cecilia Taylor’s Web pages, which are not intended to be fancy in any way, simply to communicate information.  You’ll find a mixture of topics here – some notes on David’s experiences of digital photography, illustrated reports on a few of our travels, my collection of award-winning software utilities, hints and tips on weather satellite reception, and of course some personal information in Cecilia’s and David’s own pages.  I hope you enjoy the site.” We use ShowMan, Find Duplicates, and TinyBen from this Recommended site. We also use SatSignal itself. Here is a related geek-tool:   }RadioWORKS is a tool for calculating various items related to radio waves and radio wave propagation. Get detailed information about a frequency, such as the free-space wavelength, band classification, propagation methods, common transmitter configurations, etc. Calculate antenna lengths or frequencies. View a 3D coverage map by providing a latitude / longitude coordinate and transmitter height. View a 2D representation of line of sight coverage between two latitude / longitude points, including compensation for TX/RX height, adjustment for Earth curvature, and first Fresnel zone calculation. Look up the elevation of a latitude / longitude coordinate. Calculate path loss using the Free-Space, ITU Terrain, Hata Urban, Hata Suburban, Hata Open Area, COST 231 Hata Extended, Weissberger, or Empirical COST-Walfisch-Ikegami (Also known as 'COST 231 Empirical') non Line-of-Sight (n-LoS) and Line-of-Sight (LoS) mathematical models -- OR -- run the models backwards to get the matching distance for a given path loss value. Use the Distance and Power change prediction calculator to predict how a proposed transmitter power change, whether an increase or a decrease, will affect your usable range -- OR -- how a proposed range requirement change, whether an increase or a decrease, will affect your transmitter power requirements, while factoring in the signal decay rate observed in your current system. All path loss & distance / power change prediction calculations can also be displayed graphically. Calculate the beam width, gain, and far-field distance of a dish antenna. Context-sensitive help is available to guide with the usage of the various features. Additionally, all mathematical formulas used by the application are on display, including explanations and usage information     }Savant Tools are the hammer and screwdriver of your digital world. Their deceptive simplicity makes them endlessly useful, and absolutely essential. 40 links on the page.   }site that has all the links and resources for security and safety when using a computer.    }this site has another small app for managing portable storage media, which we use, called USB Flash Tools. It’s for backing-up and restoring these easily. You can find that here:    }but this woman has lots of other interesting apps and software – !   }Top 125 network security tools. “We’re very impressed by the collective smarts of the security community and we highly recommend reading the whole list and investigating any tools you are unfamiliar with. Click any tool name for more details on that particular application, including the chance to read (and write) reviews. Many site elements are explained by tool tips if you hover your mouse over them. Enjoy! “   }Aircrack is a suite of tools for 802.11a/b/g WEP and WPA cracking. It implements the best known cracking algorithms to recover wireless keys once enough encrypted packets have been gathered. . The suite comprises over a dozen discrete tools, including airodump (an 802.11 packet capture program), aireplay (an 802.11 packet injection program), aircrack (static WEP and WPA-PSK cracking), and airdecap (decrypts WEP/WPA capture files). For downloads and more information, visit the Aircrack homepage.    }SecTools.Org: Top 125 Network Security Tools. For more than a decade, the Nmap Project has been cataloguing the network security community’s favorite tools. In 2011 this site became much more dynamic, offering ratings, reviews, searching, sorting, and a new tool suggestion form. This site allows open source and commercial tools on any platform, except those tools that we maintain (such as the Nmap Security Scanner, Ncat network connector, and Nping packet manipulator).Click any tool name for more details on that particular application, including the chance to read (and write) reviews. Many site elements are explained by tool tips if you hover your mouse over them. Enjoy!
http://skunksworkedp2cg.onion/sites_new.html    }this page is supposed to be the latest (May, 2015) “onion” link list. Most of these links are DLs. They said “These are the latest sites we have discovered. However, this does not mean they are new, just new to us. Newest 30 sites: Generated on 2015-05-1. “ Mostly DLs.    }this app adds many new locations to the CCleaner, using winapp2 . It makes the CCleaner competitive with Bleach Bit; but we still prefer the Bleach Bit, since the CC loads a “monitoring” app automatically. This “monitoring” app, (1) runs right after startup, which interferes with your sstartup and the other apps or sys progs that are still loading or trying to load, such as your browser; replaces itself in the “startup” list, even after you’ve disabled, removed, or deleted it; and, restarts itself after you have terminated it. For those reasons we can’t Recommend it. Also, the bleach bit is more honest, and like the way it works better.    }To use this plagiarism checker, please copy and paste your content in the box below, and then click on the big green button that says “Check Plagiarism!” then sit back and watch as your article is scanned for duplicated content.  Worked in our tests.    }you can find the isobuster, and other useful apps, here, and download from here. It costs #39.00, but they will download a trial version. We don't know how long the trial period is.    }freeware wallpaper changer. This one is freeware, not “free trial” ware. Slow.    }photo duplicate finder.    }download from here.   }task killer 2.30 is described on this page. Simple, homemade freeware, that terminates processes, services, or windows, fast. Easy to use. Recommended. Here is:   }the download page for it. We keep this on the taskbar, in the quick-launch area and the running icon on the taskbar, since it is the fastest way to quickly kill a process, faster that all the other process managers we use, since it is one-click. If you want an application that isn’t so old-school, use Daphne instead.    }we have tested and used this Icon Maker. It is a simple, easy to use, freeware icon editor. We’re not using it at this time,  since we aren’t doing much icon work anymore, but, recommend this.    }this is the description page for ProcessKO 2.78. Our use of these older freeware apps is discussed elsewhere on this page. This is another one that is fast, easy to use, simple, and easy to read. Recommended. We use this one for fast shutdowns of the computer. It is even faster than DTaskManager’s “shutdown force” option. It has some novel features, as well. Here is:    }the download page for it. Note that you will need to use the 64 bit version of it on W7 and W8. ProcessKO is a small useful tool to quickly kill a running or hanging process / program. ProcessKO does not have to be installed.   }his product page. All his apps are small, fast freeware, and they remind us of Nir Sofer’s Nirsoft apps. This man is Nenand Hrg, and we are using his Q-dir programs, and the Folder Size app. They are an excellent alternative to windows explorer, and Highly Recommended. Here is:    }the description page for Q-Dir. And   }this is the download page. Note that the portable versions can be used when you aren’t on your own computer, such as at school, at work, or in internet cafes. We recommend downloading all six versions. We have tested the 32-bit install version on XP and the 64-bit portable version on W7 Enterprise, and they both work very well. (Note that Q-Dir can calculate and show the sizes of folders. As of Windows 8.1, Microsloth has not yet added that feature to Explorer ) See also his other small, fast freeware apps. Here is:    }the download page for those. Enjoy the ants program.    }a very useful little program. REcommnded. Works for all windows OS through W10.   }a free permissions analyzer can be found here. In our tests, its performance failures were the fault of the way our network is configured, not the app itself. You give an e-mail address to register, then they e-mail you a link to the app. You can download it directly as well, but, if your windows OS is resistant to the app or its installation, you’ll probably want to use another app to run the installer from, etc.    }here’s the download page for their free WMI Monitor. Again, the app seems to work perfectly well, but the system we were on made it difficult to complete our evaluation. We’d be interested to know what your results with this are like.   }another location to download facebook uploader. Again, you’ll need both the Picasa app and the adobe air app installed to use this. Obviously most of you have noticed that it is basically impossible to upload photos to FB in the regular way anymore (October 2012), and so you have to use these apps to do it now. They themselves are not smooth, and the uploader is problematical, and FB inserts too many extra steps, and so on.    }WiZ 5.03 is a compression and file packaging utility. It is compatible with PKZIP 2.04g (Phil Katz ZIP) for MSDOS systems. WiZ is a graphical front end for Zip and UnZip. It helps you open archives, compress files, edit text, scan you computer for archives or search inside an archive file.    }UnZip is an extraction tool for archives compressed in .zip format. Although highly compatible both with PKWARE’s PKZIP and PKUNZIP utilities for MS-DOS and with Info-ZIP’s own Zip program, its primary objectives have been portability and non-MSDOS functionality. UnZip will list, test, or extract files from a .zip archive, commonly found on MS-DOS systems. The default behavior (with no options) is to extract into the current directory (and subdirectories below it) all files from the specified zipfile.  }this is the download page for the latest version of Total Commander. TC is similar to the 7-Zip file Manager which many of you, of course, use, but has many features that 7Z does not. We have found TC to be very useful, and it is Highly Recommended as a replacement for windows explorer, such as Q-Dir is.  That alone should be enough to cause you to download it, but, we’ll also mention that Total Commander, TeraCopy, and Directory Opus all support each other. These apps all provide you with much better ways to do what you could do with Windows built-in or bundled apps, which we Don’t Recommend that you do.   }download the DVD Author Tools from here. See elsewhere in this Category for more info.    }the download page for WinMerge,  a Windows tool for visual difference display and merging, for both files and directories. It is highly useful for determining what has changed between file versions, and then merging those changes. WinMerge has Unicode support, Flexible syntax coloring editor, Visual SourceSafe integration, and Windows Shell integration. Regexp filtering for filenames and lines. Side-by-side line difference and highlights differences inside lines. A file map shows the overall file differences in a location pane.  Total Commander will compare any two files and show you all the details, but won’t compare directories or trees.   }we use the Folder Size for Windows 2.5. They aren’t supporting it past XP, so it isn’t available for Vista or W7. However, we use XP on one of our computers, and have found this to be very useful and helpful even though it duplicates features that we have in other apps. The point is that it adds folder size, etc., to the details available for folder view, so you don’t have to start another app to get the folder sizes, etc. Recommended. 32-bit and 64-bit versions available. Folder size doesn’t work on W8 or any later OS. Use Q-Dir for those.   }Benchmark values for old versions of Lamark Speed Test, are archived here, for historical and comparison purposes. Latest results, are available here. This page shows various chipsets compared. Roughly 50 different chips are compared, listed by manufacturer and type of chip. Guti's apps are Recommended.   }USB Memory Stick Tester is a small application designed to help testing removable storage media (such as USB memory sticks) for defects. Currently USB Memory Stick Tester works only on Windows XP. It would probably work under Windows 2000, but it might not work under older versions. Unfortunately there is no plan to port the application to other platforms, but if some is willing to port,  we would be more than happy to help. Download:   }here. 2017 Update: the tester works on W8.1 as well, and therefore probably W7 and Vista.   }why can’t I connect, small app to diagnose or repair connection problems. This application makes it easier to diagnose TCP/IP connection problems. For common server types, you probably want to check under the ‘Common’ menu option. If you don’t find your server, you can create a generic client under the ‘Generic’ menu option. This client can connect to any type of server given the right server name / IP address and port. You may also create a generic server under the ‘Generic’ menu option to mimic a server on any port (if available.) Use the ‘Advanced’ menu option to step through the entire socket process (Bind, Connect / Listen, Send, Shutdown, Close). Use the ‘Bridge’ menu to trace /analyze /diagnose the conversation between any client and server. Check the tools menu for special functions. Use the ‘Trace’ menu option to setup tracing to the screen and / or a log file. Tracing may be set to ‘All’, ‘Headers And Errors Only’, ‘Errors Only’, or ‘None’.    }verify if your Internet service provider is delivering the connection speed they promised. Comparison tests, etc. Update June 2012:   } performs a speed test with graphics, through your browser, or independently from the app. Allows saved results and comparison with others. Can be activated from Xirrus Wi-fi Inspector. We liked the graphics in this set of tools. The ping and speed test also give info on the ISP, including distance from your current location. Recommended. We have not yet tested this in conjunction with Tor, but will post results on these Lists after we do.   }We checked the first app that offered “free malware removal scan”,, but sadly, it did nothing of the kind, and then tried to install itself on a protected computer and, of course, failed. It did neither scanning nor removal from either its website or from, say, one of the computer temp folders, and so on. The other “free malware removal” link led also to stopzilla.  2015 DL.  Searching for a replacement app link for you, we found that there are some good ones in two categories: (1)online scanners, and (2) offline removers. There are no web-services that will both scan for and remove malware. Today’s date is 12dec15.  2017 Update:     }use this Recommended tool to detect and remove malware and viruses. Norton Power Eraser is easy to download, and scans your computer quickly to detect the most aggressive computer viruses. You don't need to install this tool. The Norton Power Eraser tool is compatible with computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems only. It does not work with computers running on Mac OS X.   }removes or corrects typical annoying features from browser page or web page. You click one button and they’re gone. Recommended. We use these bookmarklets on our own browsers.  }clean, simple site with lots of technical information. Includes some items you’d usually have to visit several other sites to find. Highly Recommended. The website will open in any browser. Tech data provided includes Linus, Windows, and Mac. Explains what the acronyms and abbreviations mean. Command line reference – Database and OS scripting.    }Convert Bits and Bytes, KB, MB, GB and TB. omputer storage disks and RAM are manufactured in binary units (power of 2) Bytes, KiB, MiB, GiB… The binary prefix convention allows common numbers such as 2048 bytes to display as round numbers, so 2 KiB. Power of 10 numbers are also calculated above (KB, MB, GB…) these are used by Apple and some hard drive manufacturers. Many documents still incorrectly use the old-style : KB,MB,GB… prefixes to refer to a power of 2 value.
The 'B' character for Bytes is case sensitive and easily confused with 'b' for bits: Kb,Mb,Gb…  1 Byte = 8 bits. Bytes are used to measure disc/file sizes. Bits are used to measure network or download speeds.    }An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line. Click on any command to see usage, syntax, and examples.    }Certutil (2008 R2/Server 2012). Dump and display certification authority (CA) configuration information, configure Certificate Services, back up and restore CA components, verify certificates, key pairs or certificate chains. A subset of these CERTUTIL commands are also supported under Server 2003 or by installing the Server 2003 Administration Tools.   }Area 51 is the Stack Exchange Network staging zone, where users come together to build new Q&A sites. New site ideas are proposed, discussed, and the best go on to beta. See the faq for more information. See other math sites, below.   }Area 51 is the Stack Exchange Network staging zone. It’s where groups of experts come together to build new Q&A sites that work just like Stack Overflow. Here you can: Propose new Q&A sites. If you have an idea for an expert Q&A site, propose it here. Get involved in the process. Help sites get off the ground by defining the types of questions that are wanted, recruiting a critical mass of experts, and committing to the site’s success. Someone proposed a great site. How do I get involved? A good Q&A site needs a lot of people to support it, so users are asked to invite their friends and help build the community. Continuous participation is really, really important because each phase of the proposal has different ways to get involved. Questions? Please ask in the Area 51 Discussion Zone. If they're about Stack Exchange in general, though, they're welcome at, the Stack Exchange site about Stack Exchange. Either way, somebody may have already asked your question. }Computer Science Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, researchers and practitioners of computer science. It’s 100% free, no registration required. Page linked to discusses what they call, Polynomial Time (P).  The question is, why is P called “easy” ? And the first answer is, Probably for historical reasons, and since it has some convenient mathematical properties such as being closed under composition. Nowadays people are also interested in quasilinear time algorithms. – “easy” is not really the same as “efficient”. But it is sometimes used as the opposite duality as “hard” another common term in complexity theory. FYI this is nearly the same as, why is PTime considered ‘efficient’. See    }for discussion of ‘efficient’.   }this is the mathematics website, Mathematica; link is to about 50 pages of links to web applications, which use mathematics or are about it. For other Math websites, see also the The Free List  and JKU One  .    }here are all 146 stack overflow top network sites; 182 links on page.    }Programmers Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional programmers interested in conceptual questions about software development. It’s 100% free.   }Network Security Protocols: Analysis methods and standards, John Mitchell, Stanford University. Joint work with many students, postdocs, collaborators.    }Enter a URL (ex. and the Sucuri SiteCheck scanner will check the website for known malware, blacklisting status, website errors, and out-of-date software.    }tells you your browser details, browser capability and operating system information. Great for away from home when it’s not your computer.    }check it out. See similar links on the Cold List , under “I. Freedom”.    }puts your frequently used links under graphical buttons all on one page.   }a couple of good ideas here. One is about startup lists, what to do about them, links to apps, etc., and the other one is for CLSID lists, formerly known as BHO lists. We, after research, used BHO Demon. It’s an older app and hard to find now, but we like how it works. Lots of explanations and warning windows/panels, user-friendly, and with the features you’d want. Recommended. Use this page:  }this is the only download page we could find for BHO Demon. However, it is no longer supported. The site that had the support files are ‘down’ now. Instead, for the same purpose, we recommend toolbar cop (below). 2013 Update: Toolbar Cop and its kind will be on The Internet Archive, or gone. There are newer, much better apps that will do the same thing, and more. (Manage BHOs and CSLIDs.) However, we have kept a copy for use with so-called Legacy systems, i.e., older computers and OS. We use some 16-bit computers in our lab. Many of the old apps we have there are for you, who have kept an old 16-bit computer running. Contact us, we can send one to you if you can’t find it online. People who use old machines know what we mean: the RAM is much, much smaller, the memory is smaller, and the chips are slower in them. 2017 Update: BHOs and CSLIDs are not really issues any more for most users.   }this is the latest version of the Toolbar Cop that we are aware of. It will allow you to manage BHOs (browser helper objects) in Internet Explorer, if you’re still using that browser. See also CSLIDs. Redirect 2015. Now it is   }Toolbarcop 3.4, Author: Ramesh, Date: 08/25/2005 08:13 AM, Size: 61 KB, License: Freeware, Requires: Win9x/ME/NT/2K, Downloads: 136884 times. For 'legacy' computers and their users.   }system explorer is our favorite system monitor, and we Highly Recommend it. We use it on every computer, whether our own or someone else’s. We’ve tested all the process- and system-monitor freeware on the Web, and this is the best one.   }here you can find out who made your files, and whether or not they’re safe, and so on. Online resource specialized to information about more than 1 million files and more than 15,000 user’s reviews. Different URL to the same page is:    }this is the file database search page.   }this is the best tweaker for windows 8 and 8.1 that we have found; and we recommend avoiding windows 10. “Ultimate Windows Tweaker does not require an install. Place the downloaded UWT3 folder in your Program Folder and pin the shortcut of UWT3 exe file to your Start Menu. Simply run its .exe file. Do not separate out the contents of the Program folder. To uninstall it, simply delete the program folder.’  You can control or restore many, many windows features with this .  If you ignored our advice and installed W10, we strongly Recommend that you use this app:    }O&O ShutUp10 means you have full control over which comfort functions under Windows 10 you wish to use, and you decide when the passing on of your data goes too far. Using a very simple interface, you decide how Windows 10 should respect your privacy by deciding which unwanted functions should be deactivated. O&O ShutUp10 is entirely free and does not have to be installed – it can be simply run directly and immediately on your PC. And it will not install or download retrospectively unwanted or unnecessary software, like so many other programs do these days   }This app, also somewhat old-fashioned, is like a cross between IrfanView (on this page) and Total Commander. Highly Recommended. Can be configured to open the current file in other apps you specify, and these can be buttons on the toolbar. The Viewer will open many formats without the usual companies’ apps; you don’t have to have Adobe, etc., installed to open many types of file. Free File Viewer will also, but is somewhat crude compared to the Universal Viewer. Universal Viewer also opens Word documents, and we use it to browse through Word docs, pdfs, etc., mixed files in a folder. This is the only app which allows you to browse through any mixed files in any folder. It also open multimedia files, but their players are a little crashy and a second or third choice. Imagine or Irfanview are preferred, Irfanview has the second best freeware media player, Recommended. Add it to the context menu. For image editors, see Julie Éclair’s Photolist (   ). Also view webpages w/o a browser. DL 2015. Replacement:   }Universal Viewer Pro differs from the Universal Viewer Free, it has more powerful viewers. Additional features/changes are: support for Word, Excel files (including DOCX XLSX). MS Office not needed. preinstalled PDF plugin. Adobe/Foxit Reader not needed. new multimedia player, which supports over 170 formats. External codecs not needed. (UV Free only shows multimedia files which are supported by Window Media Player engine). support for complex RTF files (with images, tables…). support for RAW-images (from 400+ cameras). image panel with “Convert to” feature. options added: option “Fit window to media size” for media mode search option “Highlight all matches” for text mode.   }The following list shows some of Lister plugins which you may find very useful in conjunction with Universal Viewer. Most of them are not included into UV package. For media players, see Julie Ecalir’s Videolist,289933,sid9,00.html    }alphabetical list of the identity of 3650 file extensions. Clicking on the extension goes to a page that gives very little additional info, if any; list useful for quick reference.   }the Terabyte Unlimited downloads page. We use several of their apps and they are Recommended.    }download the Burn CDCC from Terabyte here: a small and fast app that just burns, nothing else. Recommended if you have everything else done, and are ready to burn. “This utility will burn a CD, DVD, or BD data disc from a file that contains a raw disc image.”   }this is a browser speed tester that doesn’t use Flash. Compares your upload or download speed with your ISP’s average, your city’s average, and one other. It is powerful, though: stop or terminate other applications before running this test. Alternately, set your browser to a lower priority, below average.   }excellent collection of small, useful apps. Windows, Mac, and other platform pages available. This site is much easier to read and use than most of the other freeware sites! Highly Recommended. Note that some of these are 16-bit, see above.   }the documents free to download from Tiny Apps.  }this app is hard to find. The original site is down, and doesn’t seem to have the page which the app was on. Anyway, another fast, small, homemade freeware registry app which we recommend. Written by Thibaud Djian.   }Top Similar Sites is a free tool that helps you to find similar sites to any site! We found this one to be better than the other “similar sites” website.    }the alternative TC plug-ins site. The plug-ins are better orgnanized here and we found the site more readable and a little easier to use.   }this is “the other site” for TC mentioned above. Unofficial collection of all the plugins with descriptions and ratings; Recommended. Total Commander is one of our favorite windows apps, we Highly Recommend it. We also recommend that you download and install all the plug-ins for TC. There is a plug-in manager to make that much easier for you here: . We also want you to note that TC is really perfect for XP; and some do still use XP; we, for example, still use it on one of our laptops, an older model that is not ready for 64-bit. Most TC apps and plug-ins are 32-bit. That makes TC perfect for people with older hardware and software, and there are many of them. Note that TC is one of three or more apps shown on this page, which we use, which will up- and down-load from FTP sites, two others are Synwrite and Lope Edit.    }EDXOR is a versatile, convenient and optimal text editor and file processor that far surpasses the capabilities of other Notepad-like applications. It offers innovative clipboard handling, cryptographic options and logic text conversions, great for education, fun, or privacy. EDXOR is small, self-contained, dependency-free and very fast. It provides over 90 menu items, including many unique functions and options, for diverse applications. Copyright ©2001-2004 Dariusz Stanislawek, . We use Edxor when we need to quickly look at any file.
2017 Update: we use version 1.85, and it is the most recent version of Edxor we can find online.   }the Icon Maker download page. A simple, easy to use freeware icon editor. Recommended for a simple editor.   }SyMenu is a portable menu launcher and a Start Menu replacer that allows you to organize your portable applications in a quick and easy way. Moreover SyMenu automatically links any application installed on the host pc.All the linked items – SyItems – and all the indexed applications can be organized in a hierarchical structure with colorful folders, separators and labels and can be found with the internal search tool.    }URLVoid is a free service that analyzes a website through multiple blacklist engines and online reputation tools to facilitate the detection of fraudulent and malicious websites.   }Restyle the web with Stylish, a user styles manager. User styles are themes for web sites. User styles empower your browsing experience by letting you customize web sites. Take out irrelevant content, change colors, or completely redesign the entire site. You can even use user styles as themes on the interface of Firefox, Thunderbird, and SeaMonkey themselves. Stylish lets you easily manage user styles. Add, delete, enable, disable, and organize with a few clicks of a mouse, no code to edit, no obscure configuration to find. Stylish’s companion website,, hosts tens of thousands of user styles made by other Stylish users that you can try. For you technical types out there, think of it this way: Stylish and are to CSS as Greasemonkey and are to JavaScript.    }this is the Universal Viewer, which completes our collection of free, fast, small, useful apps for you (29 May 2013). This one about halfway between Free File Viewer and IrfanView, or like a cross between them. And even though this will open most images and some multi-media, it also will open technical files and such; so it is here as well as with the imager viewers and editors, most of which are on Julie Éclair’s PhotoList (  ). The Universal Viewer has a setting to add it to the context menu, and many other useful features. It is also (a) available as a plug-in for Total Commander, and, when used stand-alone, it uses most of the same plug-ins or add-ons or extensions, that Total Commander (TC) uses. It has a full-featured navigation panel that opens in a separate window. All the toolbars, menues, and plug-ins are configurable by the user, and has 8 built-in encodings for viewing. Basically all the features you would inspect in a Universal Viewer. For Word/Excel/PDF files, no additional software is needed to view these files. MS Office/Adobe Reader/etc. not needed at all. For multimedia files, no external codecs are needed either. Be sure to get all the plug-ins, add-ons, or extensions for this, since that is what makes it “Pro” quality. This is   }the page for the Lister plug-ins; page has links to all the TC plug-ins. Highly Recommended.   }We recommend that you download this freeware and shareware Editor. We looked for a long time to find the best of these, and this is one of two. We also  have seen the advanced Notepad ++; but this app is still better. Synwrite and Lope Edit are both very good for coders and technical folks, for programmers. Highly Recommended. Synwrite is also available as a plug-in for Total Commander (on this page). We can link directly to LopeEdit from the context menu or using the icon on the quick-launch taskbar. Synwrite as a built-in panel for adding it to the context menu. Both of these apps have features that are exactly what coders and script writers would want, would look for, short of using an actual SDK.  The Synwriter has the EControl Syntax Editor SDK, which has the syntax for about 50 different languages, see website. Synwrite can be configured to be 1-click away from LopeEdit or TC. Synwrite is also useful as a text editor. Current version is 6.16.1990.    }this is one of our favorite flash drive & card testers. Recommended. Warning: the write and read/write/compare tests format (erase) the drive or card. Here:   }is the download page itself. }so, this was the page that the old IDefense URL  redirected to. David Zimmer said, “SysAnalyzer is an automated malware analysis solution originally released under GPL while I was working at iDefense in 2005. It is not a sandbox. It works by analyzing before and after infection system states and live logging. iDefense no longer maintains a downloads section of their website so I have picked the project back up again and continue to do maintenance and updates on it in my spare time. As time permits I am slowly working to bring in updated support for Win7 and x64 systems. It has been primarily developed on WinXP machines.” The old links he gave have all been updated. Here is the new installer page:    }it will download a newer, if not the newest version. We tried it on windows OS, and it works through 8.1. Here is:    }the list of the new links for his products, the tutorial videos, etc. Page is current (15dec15). “It would be a shame to loose all that work, so I have given it a new home on the net. All of my old GPL software that used to be on the labs site has now been put into Github and can be downloaded here:     }All of the old training videos have been uploaded to my youtube channel. Note that sclog has received updates and is now in its own repository. An installer has been included in the GIT repository for each project. “   }lots of old DOS programs here. Enjoy. “the biggest free abandonware downloads collection in the universe!“     }this is our former media player. It has the features and the performance of a freeware player. Recommended. Open source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVD, Audio CD, VCD, and various streaming protocols. The actual download page:    }is here. Downloads immediately. Note: 2013 Update: our preferred media player is now the Media Player Classic Home Cinema, as supplied with the K-Lite Codec Pack. We use the K-Lite Mega Codec Pack; see links on Julie Éclair’s Videolist . We found that the VLC media player, had too many problems, crashed, and was too difficult to understand. Yes, they have manuals, Wiki-type tutorials, and so on; but our point is that, we shouldn’t have to study and read so much, take classes in school, just to use a media player, a freeware one that’s supposed to be accessible to anyone. We read nothing for the MPCHC, not even the “readme”, and it works straightforwardly and doesn’t crash. The control panels for VLC should have tooltips and explanations programmed into them. See also info on Julie Ecalir’s Videolist   .    }the description and download page for GUI For Dvdauthor. This is the front-end for Dvdauthor. Although properly a video app, we have put it here since you can use it to burn CDs and DVDs. GFD was written primarily to get captured television broadcasts comfortably into a DVD conform format.  Naturally you can use the program also for MPG videos of other origins, however no typical functions for copying DVDs (e.g. ripp, transcode…) are contained.  To burn the final DVD use your favorite burning program, or simply that one, that was included with the DVD burner.  GFD provides only the necessary VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS folders (as well as the VOB and IFO files).  These can be burned with any DVD – burn program (UDF – ISO format). Image Burner, reviewed on this List, is supported by this app.    }checks uploaded files for malware, using antivirus engines, indicated in the VirSCAN list. On uploading files you want to be checked, you can see the result of scanning and how dangerous and harmful/harmless for your computer those files are. cannot replace antivirus software on your computer. VirSCAN is not supposed and able to protect your computer from malware. VirSCAN only scans files, which may contain viruses, trojans, backdoors, spyware, dialers.   }Virustotal is a service that analyzes suspicious files and URLs and facilitates the quick detection of viruses, worms, trojans, and all kinds of malware detected by antivirus engines. Recommended. There are many of these on the Web now, but we found this one useful. This is the “MD5” site that is linked to from the system explorer site.    }VTzilla is a Mozilla Firefox browser plugin that simplifies the process of scanning Internet resources with VirusTotal. It allows you to download files directly with VirusTotal’s web application prior to storing them in your PC. Moreover, it will not only scan files, but also URLs. The scanning options are embedded in Firefox’s context menu and download dialog, making the analysis process as easy as clicking a single button.    }Download “Everything” from this site. It is an app that completely inventories your hard drive, or removable media if it’s NTFS. We asked him to make an FAT version too, and he’s said that he will. Really useful for OS that don’t have a search feature, such as Windows 7, and more complete than Search on those that do. Recommended. We use Everything, works up to W8.1.    }Sematic Data Extractor. This tool, geared by an XSLT stylesheet, tries to extract some information from a HTML semantic rich document. It only uses information available through a good usage of the semantics defined in HTML4 or XHTML 1. This tool DOES NOT take into account the new semantics added with HTML5, and in particular DOES NOT recognize microdatas, microformats or RDFa.    }Up to date information about the reachability of your website. Alerts are sent by e-mail, SMS (text message), or IM (instant messaging). A continuous quality check of the accessibility of your web server, 24 hours per day, 7 days a week. Periodic reports are sent by email. Sign up for a free trial now and WatchMouse will monitor your servers for 30 days at no charge.    }unofficial list of web applications, we haven’t tested them all yet. We did note that this list contains no apps for recording the audio of videos as they play on your computer. And again, users of public and school computers have no access to, e.g., the computer’s sound card, or any of that, so, there is a huge untapped market of users who need software that will enable them, for example, to record the audio of videos, or even the video of videos, and so on. September 2011 Update: We have since found several apps, one of which meets our criteria (fast, free, and friendly), for recording audio and video that you’re playing. Drawback: must have an FLV player (we found 2 good ones) or convert the file type (we found 1 offline app and 1 good website for conversions). See also Julie Eclair’s VideoList (  ) for converters, players, and so on.     }Online website down status checker tool. website checks selected site to see if it is ‘up’ or ‘down’; says if it is “down just for you” or not.    }Get a quick aggregated view of everything the Web can promptly tell you about a site (domain), including its daily visitors, safety status, Alexa rank, owners and much more. Website Informer is a special service for web masters that gathers detailed information on websites. The service is very easy-to-use — simply search for the URL, keyword or install our Widget and there you go!    }has table of URL escape characters.    }gives information about your browser and ISP.    }this site not only gives your IPA (Internet Protocol Address), usually abbreviated “IP”, but also other info, such as location.    }this is the page that gives your location, just click the Lookup button next to the IP. Scroll down for map.    }a more commercial “what is my IP?” site, but still has useful tools and apps, if you don’t already have them all. That is, links to apps and tools that you might want to look at, if you’re not an IT professional or serious geek: they would already have all they wanted, and already know about all that stuff.    }this is their interesting hash generator. Given a plaintext string, it shows the hash for it according to about 35 different algorithms. Good for computing students for study.    }their port-scanning scripts, applets, or whatever. In our tests, they worked well. When we use the site through an encrypted proxy network, it scans somebody else’s server, for the server port scan. That is, it still correctly scans someone’s server(s) and computer(s) when you’re invisible, and so passed one of our hard tests.    }this is their random website machine, like a generalized Stumble Upon. Click the button, and it takes you to a randomly selected website. Recommended if you’re really bored, or in a creativity slump.    }this site’s Windows Process Information Central; similar to other sites that provide info about windows processes. They also have an app called What Is Running, but we don’t use it since we prefer the other ones shown here. See also their other apps.    }Enter a shortened URL to see where it will take you.  Works.    }the whois lookup site; replaces above. Our link is to the whois page itself. But also very useful is    }which gives you ratings info about any URL. Great site. Recommended.   }online hash words generator. For security, does not know your master key(s). Completely self-contained. Runs in any browser. Works from a USB key. Layout works well in a sidebar. Smart [Enter] key moves to next empty field, makes a hashword, or starts over. Use copy/paste to apply the hash word to a password field.   }here is a complete list of standard TCP and UDP port numbers. Keep this for ready reference, on your computer.   }Paul Thurrott’s “supersite” for windows; meant in the sense of “supersets” in reference to sets. They are probably several of these kinds of sites but this is the best one we found. Has pages for windows, mobile, cloud, windows server, office, music and videos, games, and podcasts. Clean site, many ads but all on the right or at bottom. Technical, and has everything you could possibly want to know about he subjects. Reviews tech devices as well as systemware and software. News about everything technical. Conferences news and links, all that. Recommended.    }this network utility is highly recommended by others. We haven’t tested it yet, but included it here for your usage. “For a complete list of system requirements and supported platforms, please consult the User’s Guide. Information about each release can be found in the release notes. Each Windows package comes with the latest stable release of WinPcap, which is required for live packet capture. If needed you can install the latest development release from the WinPcap download page.”   }the rest of their tools. Note that they have used the name of our List for their website page.    }Suppose you have some code which may be edited by people with different text editors and coding style preferences. As discussed byJamie Zawinski, indentation width, tab width, and indentation behavior can vary widely and can often be a religious (and in the case of Python, sanity) issue. Some editors are nice enough to let you configure indentation and tab behavior inside the file you’re editing. This feature has many different names, such as “modelines,” “buffer-local properties”, or “file variables”. We use the term “modline” here.   }this is a pretty slick knowledge engine, we think that you’ll enjoy it. Note: we can’t recommend Wolfram’s physical book, since in there, he spends about the first quarter of the book, talking about how good the book is. ?  The websites talk about themselves a lot too, but we still Recommend them.    }the page is a little confusing. The free app you download converts data from PDF, HTML and Text documents into a formatted Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, MS Word, Open Office, HTML, plain text format files; but the online app on the page, converts from Word to PDFs. E-mails the converted file to you.    }If you've ever used a recent version of Microsoft Office, WPS Office Free will feel immediately familiar. It employs the same ribbon interface, and all of the most common tools and options are intuitively placed so you won’t spend ages searching for the setting or tool that you need. Performance is swift too, thanks to the light system requirements. Not everyone will be happy with the ads that need to be endured to gain timed access to certain features of WPS Office Free, but that's the only sacrifice you have to make to enjoy this otherwise superb software suite. The download server may fail to complete the download on the first try. Use DTA and keep trying. We downloaded two copies at once, and one finally succeeded.    }their extensive site map, lots of info about webpages, the Web, etc. Info: The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop Web standards. Led by Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee and CEO Jeffrey Jaffe, W3C’s mission is to lead the Web to its full potential. The W3C mission is to lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing protocols and guidelines that ensure the long-term growth of the Web, W3C’s vision of One Web.    }W3Techs – World Wide Web Technology Surveys W3Techs provides information about the usage of various types of technologies on the web. Our vision is to provide the most reliable and most extensive source of information on web technology usage. In our web technology surveys you can see the most popular technologies in these categories. Just enter an IP or URL, or use the bookmarklets. W3techs tells you what the site is made of, gives ratings, etc., much more.   }we have tested and used this aaICO icon editor. It is a simple, easy to use icon editor, and we recommend it for that. Freeware.    }this is a good complement to our other wifi scanner and detector. We like the graphic form of this tool. Provides connection, speed, and ping tests. Shows graph of wifi signal strengths over time. Recommended. Download the free version:   }from here. 30jun12. The newest version is 1.2.    }another freeware registry optimizer. Speeds up your computer mostly by terminating processes it sees as unnecessary or using too much resources. Not Recommended for systems newer than Vista.    }We usually recommend only freeware for you here, but, this package is very through and you might want to check it out. Without buying the product, you can still use it to study Windows structures and operations, and so we use and Recommend it as a learning tool. X-Ways Forensics, the forensic edition of WinHex, is a powerful and affordable integrated computer forensics environment with numerous forensic features, rendering it a powerful disk analysis tool: capturing free space, slack space, inter-partition space, and text, creating a fully detailed drive contents table with all existing and deleted files and directories and even alternate data streams (NTFS), Bates-numbering files, and more. Picture gallery, file preview, calendar/timeline display. Also serves as a low-level disk imaging and cloning tool that creates true mirrors (including all slack space) and reads most drive formats and media types, and supports drives and files of virtually unlimited size (even terabytes on NTFS volumes!). This feature overview is incomplete. It is impossible to list all the features and options. The above list was updated last on May 23, 2015. X-Ways Forensics is available for a fraction of what competing software costs. Check prices, order now. Other available languages: Deutsch Français Español Portugues (Brasileiro) Italiano. X-Ways Forensics is protected with a local dongle or network dongle or via BYOD. Reduced and simplified user interface available for investigators that are not forensic computing specialists, at half the price: X-Ways Investigator.   }free online file conversion. E-mails the converted file to you.    }technology podcasts from ZDNet.   }another list of links to tools, Oss, etc., similar to ours, but weak on reviews, tests, and annotations. We include this for you since it has a lot of MacIntosh links. We are weak on Apple & MacIntosh links! So, here’s a good collection of them for you. “last revised 27 September 2010”.    }online ZXing decoder. Decode a 1D or 2D barcode from an image on the web. Also links for mobile users.   }this is the Free Icon Tool, v. 2.0.2. We have used and tested this, and it is a simple, easy to use freeware icon editor. Recommended. Download from this page.

II. Web-Hosting and Design Sites.
2015 Update: We keep older sites alongside the newest ones, so that “legacy” users can have apps and support, for desgining and building websites, or finding hosts, etc., and so on. FYI did you know that WordPress currently (Dec. 2015) hosts 25% of the blog sites on the web? And that the Wordpress Malware destroyed these Lists and we have been working for 5 months to repair the damage done to us and our Lists by Wordpress?    }top-rated cheap web hosting page. DL 2015. Replacement:    }”Many visitors have told me that they have learned a lot just by reading my hosting reviews. So please don’t just trust my ranking! Read my hosting reviews! “ The page has these tips: “1. Most web hosts publish the HUGE discount price in their website but don’t mention the renewal price. As an intelligent webmaster, you need to find out the renewal pricing before signing up. I have made that easy for you. Check out price comparison – offer price vs renewal price. 2. There is no such thing as unlimited hosting and they are just marketing gimmicks. You should also learn about the limits of each web host. Read unlimited hosting is limited. 3. Web hosts like to list a bunch of scripts as part of their “hosting features” but these scripts are always free no matter they list them or not. It is like listing oxygen as FREE in the restaurant menu. The added value they provide is not the script but the script installer. Learn more about script installers.” 2016 Best Cheap Web Hosting.   }not quite 99, but a few really good web tools here. Some of them are already on this list. We found the “social popularity” search (for URLs) novel. Also tutorials and website widgets.    }shows you descriptions of a website from the site’s metadata.  2016 Update: the site failed our tests, and redirected to Bing each time.    }Do you need content to add to your web site? Or articles for use on your opt-in newsletters and e-zines? maintains a huge collection of articles on a wide variety subjects. Just click on the appropriate category to read the articles. They also have a video section now. We found the site to be somewhat commercial, though, and not really academic.    }newsmagazine for website makers.   }web developer’s handbook. Many links.    }Welcome to AndreaVB Programming site, this site covers many aspects of Visual Basic and VB.NET programming. Developers will find examples, downloads and discussions on the most common programming topics as well as advanced tips and techniques, API programming and other languages. Enjoy your stay! AndreaVB Forum, Open Message Board with many sections from Printing to API and new .NET languages. Ask your questions to our experts. VB Articles and Tutorials, Articles about Visual Basic. AndreaVB Download/Upload center, Download full projects, OCX, and demos.    }”Have you ever dreamed about making flash effects for your web site, but never had the knowledge to use Macromedia Flash? Although Macromedia Flash is relatively easy to use, you still have to have “a programmer’s” mind to really be able to create what you want. The Anfy Flash system solves this problem for you. With this service, you don’t need to know or own Macromedia Flash, you don’t need to know ActionScript. Here, you select the flash effect you would like for your page(s), customize it using our user friendly software, and the server creates the flash effect for you.” Again, Recommended if you make HTML or older style sites. Here is:    }the site map, good place to start looking.    }Joomla is open source software (meaning it’s free to everyone) that is a content management system (CMS). It not only keeps track of every piece of content but also allows even non-programmers to build web sites and web applications that are simple or very complex.    }best cheap web-hosting companies, with summaries and details below them. Many websites and blogs will run fine on cheaper web hosting plans. However, when looking for cheap hosting you don’t want to find cheap service instead! And of course you still want your obligatory support for PHP & MySQL web scripts. We believe the sweet spot option is to get a discount or a promo on a standard hosting plan from a reputable hosting company. Check out the selection below for  the best values in the web hosting industry with the best prices and promos refreshed every day: Best web hosting deals for November 08, 2015 Updated daily!    }checks the backlinks for a URL you specify. Did well in our tests; shows a list of the URLs back-linked to by your website, with statistics, in a table format. Shows the pagerank of backlink giving url, outbound Links which means total external links found on backlink giving webpage, and any abnormal flag like nofollow tag used on your backlink. Recommended for online only, the desktop app is payware.    }this is their front page. Here, projects are displayed. These would be website design projects, which they don’t say: the site is very non-self-explanatory. However, it is very slick. You can filter your view of the projects by color; also view which school used it/them, and which tools they used.    }we avoid pay-sites in out Lists for you, dear reader, but this one lets you design your website for free, and you only pay when you’re ready to publish. Very slick site. Here is:     }download the Beginner’s Guide.    }examples of site users of behance created.    }page with tips About HTML, CSS, PHP and javascript.   }Free Website Builder, Premium Hosting & Free Web Tools.     }web hosting site.   }From Weebly: Weebly is the easiest way to create and publish a Web site online.    }has 5 pdfs on HTML and CSS, useful for beginners or reference.    }a site with links to web coding and development forums.    }site for web design and assistance, using CSS.    }site about CSS graphics design for webpages.    }list of special characters in HTML.    }Optimizing page loading time. “It is widely accepted that fast-loading pages improve the user experience. In recent years, many sites have started using AJAX techniques to reduce latency. Rather than round-trip through the server retrieving a completely new page with every click, often the browser can either alter the layout of the page instantly or fetch a small amount of HTML, XML, or javascript from the server and alter the existing page. In either case, this significantly decreases the amount of time between a user click and the browser finishing rendering the new content.”    }Trace Explorer aggregates trace-routes to hundreds of thousands of popular websites and makes the result searchable, allowing you to discover which web sites are hosted near each other, at a particular ISP, or behind a specific router. 2015 Broken. This route tracer doesn’t work anymore. 2016 Replacement:    }A reverse IP domain check takes a domain name or IP address pointing to a web server and searches for other sites known to be hosted on that same web server. Data is gathered from search engine results, which are not guaranteed to be complete.  Also has network location, visual tracer, phone location, reverse-e-mail, whois look-up. Also:    }provides interesting visual reverse IP lookup tool. Knowing the other web sites hosted on a web server is important from both an SEO and web filtering perspective, particularly for those on shared web hosting plans.    } There are several easy steps that can help you identify the creator of a website. Knowing who created the website can help you either learn from the designer or allow you to contact the creator to develop your own website.   }56 Flash tutorials.    }50 freeware apps or tools for design and developing.    }Eskimo North Internet Hosting. Google ranks fast sites, and sites that support SSL and HTTP2 higher. Websites are hosted on highly optimized modern hardware and software for fast response. Our servers fully supports HTTP2 and SSL. We want our customers and yours to be happy and profitable!  Is your Windows machine borked?  Windows-10 Start Menu broken?  Let me help!  High Performance, Multiple IPv4 Available: Virtual Private Servers. Mosh, a new shell which is specialized for mobile environments, is available on all our Linux servers.  It is also useful for slow or unreliable 56k dial connections.    }An RSS Feed is a dynamically generated summary (in XML format) of information or news published on other web sites- so when the published RSS changes, your web site will be automatically changed too. It is a rather simple technology that allows you, the humble web page designer, to have this content displayed in your own web page, without having to know a lick about XML!    }The tool on this page allows you to quickly view meta data (title, description or keywords) from a list of urls you provide. It allows you to quickly check your own website or have a peek at what your competitors are writing.    }here are 77 free tools for the website developer, researcher and SEO.     }IRC Client freeware and other photoshop freeware.    }image editing scanner freeware, plus many related links.    }free FTP facilitator, open source GNU code.    }secure web hosting page.    }free- and low-cost hosting packages. A variety designs available, etc. Offers high-speed, 24/7 service, etc. Check it out.  }used by wj32 for his site. Fresh Roasted Hosting is an independent web hosting company headquartered in vibrant Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Tucked in among coffee houses, independent retailers, and the oldest continually-operating market house in the US, we deliver all the same high-end web hosting solutions you’d expect from our larger competitors, but with much better service — and often at a better price!    }Welcome to VisualBasicTutorial.NET, the complete Visual Basic Tutorial for the absolute beginner to learn how to program.  Do you want to teach yourself how to code but don’t know where to start?  Does it all seem too daunting and confusing?   I’ll never forget the light bulb moment when I “got” programming.  It really was a life changing moment – I knew how to code!  This site will help expedite that light bulb moment in a series of simple tutorials written in plain English with absolutely no jargon.    }scan collection mgmt. 2015 DL. Replacement:    }ScanSort  is  a  utility  that can be used to identify, verify and sort images based upon information contained  in  CSV  files.  It  can  also generate  reports  about  the  status  of  image collections and create archives of files to trade with others.   }info on apps and tools for web building, some playful and useful stuff.   }MJ’s Diagnostics is a small utility that reports if all the HTML Help runtime & Workshop (compiler) DLLs are installed and registered to the correct locations.  If you have compiler crashes, and crashes when simply opening a CHM, or when searching from the CHM search tab, then this utility will help sort out rouge DLL problems.  The problem: Some vendors instead of installing HTML Help Workshop (help compiler), install compiler DLLs (a subset from an old Workshop) and register parts to non-standard locations. Suddenly HATs and .CHMs are crashing. The fix is to reinstall HH Workshop. Run Workshop once. Run the report again. Email me if you need help. See also: Other HTML Help Problems. Note that MJ’s Diagnostics will give you other information about the system and browser that you’re on, useful if you are on a public or work computer. Two versions are on this page” works on OS from XP to 8.1; works on OS after XP and supports 64-bit.    }Exploring Online Webmaster Tools. One of the most exciting developments of the Web is the emergence of online tools. There is even a category
of web tools that caters specifically to webmasters. Rob Gravelle examines the role of the webmaster and presents a few sites that provide useful tools.     }HTML Goodies intended purpose is to help new and growing website developers learn their trade, and to provide them with tips, guides and reference sets for their use as they become more accomplished.  To that end, we have arranged the site into sections that range from a completely non-technical introduction to the concepts involved in developing websites all the way through to keyword references.  Beginning at the beginning with an introduction is simply the polite thing to do!  The very first section in our Index is therefore the INTRODUCTION section.     }Hubris Communications provides a number of Internet connectivity solutions. Choosing the right one for your situation can be confusing if you don’t understand the differences between each type of service. Click a service listed below to learn how the technology works and whether it is right for you. Dial-Up Internet Service, ADSL: Asymmetric DSL Service, Metro Ethernet Service.  T-1 Service. You can get a quick overview of the major connectivity options we  offer in one handy printout. Our Service Matrix lists details, service features, and pricing in an at-a-glance format. (Acrobat Reader® required.) View the Service Matrix (PDF: 256KB):  .    }every webmaster, site developer, and SEO knows this site: the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. If you don’t then    }”This page offers resources about ICANN: what’s going on, who works here, principles we steer by, and how you can get involved. Click in the left navigation column (or on any heading below) to find the following information.” Their archives also has a list of all the accredited Registrars.    }Leading ethnic prepay service offer addressing over 70% of the U.S. immigrant population; # 1 International Airtime Top-up service across the USA; A new customer every 8 seconds.    }Welcome to the secure IDT Carrier Wholesale Portal.    }”Hello. I’m Kitty, a freelance designer and founder of Ink2Art. You can view my resume by visiting my other site, and also the sites listed in my portfolio. I love the process of developing web sites, I truly do. That’s why I started Ink2Art in October of 1998. I’m a perfectionist, don’t sleep much, and have great support systems in my life. I’m patient, perceptive, and artistic.”    }The Internet Traffic Report monitors the flow of data around the world. It then displays a value between zero and 100. Higher values indicate faster and more reliable connections. The free ITR Client for Windows is now available for download, and allows you to monitor ITR in realtime, test your connection when problems occur and more! Click here to download.    }dotPeek is available for download in two distributions: as a part of ReSharper Ultimate installer and as portable versions for 32-bit and 64-bit processors. Both distributions are functionally equivalent. You can start using dotPeek right after installation. dotPeek is free software, you don not need any license.The installer-based distribution is a safe bet if you want to use dotPeek on a single PC and take advantage of automatic version management. The portable distribution is a better fit if you prefer to share dotPeek between multiple machines – for example, using a flash drive or Dropbox folder.  In dotPeek, you can control everything with shortcuts. Note that dotPeek provides two keyboard schemes inherited from JetBrains ReSharper. First of all, you may want to study the shortcuts assigned to dotPeek commands in both of these schemes. As soon as you choose, which scheme you prefer to use, select these scheme on the Environment | General page of dotPeek options. As you study these help pages, you can choose your preferred scheme on the top-right corner of the page so that shortcuts from this scheme are displayed to you. You can quickly configure code viewer preferences – such as whether to wrap long lines or display line numbers – in the View | Outlining and View | Options menu. Besides decompiling library code, by default, dotPeek automatically finds, fetches, and displays original source files if they are available locally or on a symbol server. If you want to see only decompiled code, clear the Use debug information for navigation and Allow downloading from remote locations check-boxes on the Decompiler page of dotPeek options.     }Welcome to IntelliJ IDEA help! JetBrains IntelliJ IDEA is cross-platform. It works on Windows, OS X and Linux and brings the whole range of precise developers tools, all tied together to create the convenient development environment.     }Attached to the bottom and sides of the workspace are IntelliJ IDEA tool windows. These secondary windows let you look at your project from different perspectives and provide access to typical development tasks. These include project management, source code search and navigation, running and debugging, integration with version control systems, and many other specific tasks.     }IntelliJ IDEA editor is a powerful tool for creating and modifying source code. As any other IDE editor, it supports basic features like bookmarks, breakpoints, syntax highlighting, code completion, zooming, folding code blocks, etc. There are, however, plenty of advanced features like macros, highlighted TODO items, code analysis, intention actions, intelligent and fast navigation, and a lot more. To configure your editing environment, use the Editor settings page and its child pages. There is also a Quick Switch Scheme command that lets you change color schemes, themes, keymaps, etc. with a couple of keystrokes.     }”Where can I download an old/previous dotPeek version?”  Our first version was 1.4. That is shown as 32_1.4 on this page.    }A content management system is software that keeps track of every piece of content on your Web site, much like your local public library keeps track of books and stores them. Content can be simple text, photos, music, video, documents, or just about anything you can think of. A major advantage of using a CMS is that it requires almost no technical skill or knowledge to manage. Since the CMS manages all your content, you don’t have to.    }gives information about a URL, with most information about backlinks, and similar results.    }getting started with HTML boilerplate.    }Caching Tutorial. This is an informational document. Although technical in nature, it attempts to make the concepts involved understandable and applicable in real-world situations. Because of this, some aspects of the material are simplified or omitted, for the sake of clarity. If you are interested in the minutia of the subject, please explore the References and Further Information at the end.    }a simple flash tutorial.    }DNS service provider; click on Services. Offers a free entry-level service.    }this page shows what kinds of objects can be referred to by OIDs. Example: a file format; an ISO International Standard (  ).    }download joomla from here for free, and others. Also the three Intros,    }for beginners;   }for developers, and!_1.5_Template_Tutorial    }for web designers (the template tutorial).    }reference site with many tables for programmers and website builders. It has an HTML code table, which says this: “Again, nothing to do with ASCII really, but has been requested by a number of you out there. To get special characters to show on an HTML web page, special HTML codes can be used (ascii code or word) and are interpreted by the web browser. These HTML codes are otherwise referred to as html entities, html characters or html symbols. “. Recommended. Phonetic alphabets, phone dialing codes, EBCDIC codes, and more.    }Hosting with protection from DDoS attacks to sites of any content. We offer protection against DDoS attacks proxies (cleaning spurious traffic from DDoS-requests and redirect traffic to backend purified) for the project with any content. Own secure (SSL / TLS) communication channel (Jabber) for communication and customer support services (without saving logs).    }a tool for building living UI pattern libraries. It helps designers and developers work faster and smarter together. We don’t normally list pay sites here, we’re “not into” that; but this one has both a free trial and a free sample, as well.,2817,2424725,00.asp    }The Best Web Hosting Services for 2015, By Jeffrey L. Wilson. November 4, 2015. If you have a business, you need a website. These top-rated hosts can help you establish an effective online presence.    }another cheap web-hosting site.    }the details on cheap PHP hosting.     }We are a specialized hosting and internet service provider, located in Sweden, a free-speech haven. We serve a growing community of international clients with special needs. PRQ is globally known for:Refugee hosting. Our boundless commitment to free speech has been tested and proven over and over again. If it is legal in Sweden, we will host it, and will keep it up regardless of any pressure to take it down. We have ZERO tolerance against SPAM and related services! Confidentiality. We defend your integrity to the end. With our discreet customer relations policy we don’t even have to know who you are, and if we do, we will keep that knowledge strictly confidential. Technical proficiency. The PRQ team has a solid background in computer networking, security, hardware, and software. Most of us have been online for over 10 years. We can assist you with almost anything – keeping your servers secure, mitigating DDoS attacks, or keeping your high-traffic websites up and running smoothly. To make this possible, we run our own fully multi-homed backbone network (AS33837), with the capacity needed both to handle large DDoS attacks and to provide excellent connectivity to customers with bandwidth utilization ranging from a few Mbps to several hundred.    }RED is a robot that checks HTTP resources to see how they’ll behave, pointing out common problems and suggesting improvements. Although it is not a HTTP conformance tester, it can find a number of HTTP-related issues. RED interacts with the resource at the provided URL to check for a large number of common HTTP problems.    }here is a list of 5 things you can do to optimize your web pages without having to redo your site design or set up distribution caches around the planet. It helped me to reduce load time of this web site by about 70% on average. Some of these tips require some control over your web server, like being able to edit .htaccess or even the Apache server config. If so, they will be marked accordingly. Others can be done with every shared hosting plan.    }start of basic scanning tutorial.    }basic scanning tutorial. Sample of several pages-long website.   }this is, of course, the Software Engineering Radio site, with podcasts for Software Developers. “Software Engineering Radio is a podcast targeted at the professional software developer. The goal is to be a lasting educational resource, not a newscast. Every two to four weeks, a new episode is published that covers all topics software engineering. Episodes are either tutorials on a specific topic, or an interview with a well-known expert from the software engineering world. All SE Radio episodes are original content – we do not record conferences or talks given in other venues. Each episode comprises two speakers to ensure a lively listening experience. SE Radio is managed by the volunteers and staff of IEEE Software, a leading technical magazine for software professionals published by the IEEE Computer Society. All content is licensed under the Creative Commons 2.5 license. “    }The SeaMonkey project is a community effort to develop the SeaMonkey all-in-one internet application suite (see below). Such a software suite was previously made popular by Netscape and Mozilla, and the SeaMonkey project continues to develop and deliver high-quality updates to this concept. Containing an Internet browser, email & newsgroup client with an included web feed reader, HTML editor, IRC chat and web development tools.    }Show all site information such as analysis html, basic site info, DNS record analysis, traffic analysis, site technical info, link site analysis, visitor analysis. Include check ip, reverse ip and keyword ranking tools.    }2257 hand-picked sites in 225 categories. Directory for Software Development, The most useful links to Processes, Methods, Tools, Services.    }204 hand-picked data formats sites. For building webpages and sites, they have 65 links for CSS, 109 links for HTML, 2 links for JSON (Java Script Object Notation), 4 links for RSS ( Rich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary, Really Simple Syndication),  70 links for XML, and 23 links for XSL.    }this is another kind of tool for web-building, etc., that you may find interesting; they make “lenses” of your website. Their homepage explains, and has FAQs and TOS for them. “Squidoo is a website hosting hundreds of thousands of hand-built web pages (just to be difficult, we call them “lenses”). Each lens is one person’s look at something online.”    }normally we only list free services and apps, free websites; but this one is almost free, and very simple, good for beginners. Very inexpensive hosting. “This guide is designed for people who are interested in making their very first website. It doesn’t matter if you are looking to setup a personal or business website, I will show you how to create a website that fits your needs. Before I move on and give you the step by step instructions for setting up a website, I want you to let you know that it will cost you some money. Creating a website is actually free, but a personal domain name ( and hosting (the service that connects your site to the internet) will cost you approximately $3-4 per month. “    }the “analyzer”, supposed to show you the site’s title, description, and metatags, doesn’t, but it provides useful information that’s similar to what other such websites give. However, the other features of the site work well. It will give the source code of any website, etc.    }up-to-date scan collecting tutorial.    }shows free webhosting websites, and a lot of other free stuff. Site is easy to read and use, and fast. 4 pages of free web hosting.    }how to merge multiple CSV files.    }the start of a simple JavaScript tutorial. DL 2015. Replacement: }JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the world. This page contains some examples of what JavaScript can do.    }webmaster resources and SEO tools, etc.    }a long list of website creation and information links. This is a little old by today’s standards, and might have many DLs. Owing to its length, we aren’t able to verify all the links and sites, so, we give it to you “as is”.     }example and tutorials about HTML5, with links, etc., and graphics.     }This site depends on user content to publish tutorials on Photoshop and Flash.    }Codrops is a web design and development blog that publishes articles and tutorials about the latest web trends, techniques and new possibilities. The team of Codrops is dedicated to provide useful, inspiring and innovative content that is free of charge. What started as an experimental blog became an exciting playground for sharing the passion for web design and web development.    }checks the markup validity of web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, etc.    }Web designers and developers can watch video tutorials on this site.   }The site includes material on the Windows operating system for both novices and more advanced PC users. There are interactive tutorials for beginners on very basic subjects and numerous articles at a variety of levels. Topics include system configuration and tweaks, file management, computer maintenance, security and fundamentals of using PCs. There is a separate section covering the Internet. There are also a number of PowerPoint™ presentations that are available for downloading. All material is copyrighted. Reproduction on another site is prohibited without permission of the author.    }There are also online slide shows on a variety of computer topics. A tutorial with tips on downloading is at the sister site Windows for Beginners. Downloads are provided 'as is' and their use is the downloader’s responsibility.    } is a free tool that lets you find out where websites are hosted. This information can be useful when you are looking for a new hoster for your own website, or for example when you need to contact the web hoster of a certain domain to report abuse. Our service is totally free, and we have no daily lookup limits. To check a URL, use this link:    }gives complete information about the URL and ISP, including a map.    }Find out, which technologies a particular website is using. We use the bookmarklet often, and they have a browser extension as well. We still recommend Firefox over Chrome, many of the apps listed above have bookmarklets or extensions for Firefox. However, if you can’t run Firefox for whatever reason, Chrome is the only second choice. It is fast and strong; we ran it on a remote desktop on a server, through a wireless connection. No other browser would run on that ultra-secured station. W3Techs provides information about the usage of various types of technologies on the web. W3Techs collect information about the usage of various types of technologies used for building and running websites, and produce and publish surveys that give insights into that subject. They provide the most reliable and most extensive source of information on web technology usage. “In our web technology surveys you can see the most popular technologies in these categories.” Our company has no affiliation with any of the technology providers, which we cover in our surveys: W3Techs – World Wide Web Technology Surveys.”    }something has happened, most of the links and help pages from this website are missing. Only the home and front pages remain. We have a copy of their Webmaster links page, which is a good set of links, very helpful to you if you’re building a website. We checked the links on that page and most of them are still good. We found a copy of their links page here:    }and from this you can see how useful that set of links are, for website developers, webmasters, and so on. Recommended. This archived page also contains some DLs, so, the site must be fairly old. first crawled over it in 2011. }So, we found an archived copy of this page. It was made in 2003, and updated a few times since then. Again, though this seems like an old page or old link, that was less than 10 years ago. This page has many useful links, some of them are already on this List and some are on the JKU Research List (  ) or JKU Academic Research List ( ) already. 407 links on this page, Highly Recommended.    }Compare the best web hosting companies with the latest user reviews and rankings on the #1 Web Hosting Comparison Directory. November 07, 2015.    }Easily discover who is hosting any website. Our lookup tool provides the most accurate results and gives you crucial information about the site.    }lists, links, and information for inexpensive hosting sites.    }their price-search page.    }tips and info about inexpensive hosting.    }FYI about selecting a host.    }” is a community-driven resource whose goal is to keep consumers and businesses informed of the continued innovations and evolution of the web hosting industry”. That page is the ‘tour’ page.    }7 myths about managed (web-)hosting. Has links to related articles.    }”This resource was built in order to provide help with webmastering, programming, using Linux OS, programming and much more.” Example:    }webmaster key, for design, development, and resource forums.    }”This site came into existence as a collection of webmaster tools developed to help myself and a few other webmasters with our daily webmaster chores. After creating a fair number of online tools, it was decided that we should make the site public, so that other webmasters around the world would have access to them for free. The suite of free tools and resources offered continues to grow to this day, and we aim to offer something useful for the beginner to the advanced webmaster alike.”    }contains the most common HTML tags and their proper syntax.    }”I’ve been helping people build websites since 2004. I wrote this FREE guide to help anyone – from bloggers to business owners – make their website without having to learn code. So far, this guide has helped build over 7000 new websites, and you can do it, too. “    }looking for a commercial website developer? This one comes Recommended. Could be very costly though. “Companies come to FX Digital because we deliver results; in an industry too often filled with hype and spin, FX Digital is one of those rare companies that actually deliver results. Just like every other website designer out there we design successful websites, however unlike most we define a successful website as any website that generates an income, because let’s face it a website should generate an income.”   }free online tools for web design that can help create a great works. Though the webpage’s author doesn’t speak English well, nevertheless here are many tools for creating or customizing webpages, including color tools we haven’t seen before. Most of the image processing tools are redundant to the ones we use, which are Irfanview when offline, and Pixlr when online. 2015 Update: Redirects to a new WordPress blog; that is, an unused one. You would have to make an account to sign-in to be able to build a WordPress blog there. Replacement:    }similar to the webtodesign site. “Where do you find free images online? How can you easily create your own logo? What color scheme should you choose for your website? Odds are these questions have crossed your mind at some point doing your web design journey. If you haven’t spent the last couple of years studying the ins-and-outs of your web design handbook, fret not, we’ve got you covered. Turns out the internet is crawling with free tools to help even first-time web designers create projects that look oh-so-professional. Check out this list of some of our favorite free tools to help you do everything from designing your site pages to picking the perfect color palette for any occasion.”  142 links on this page.   }More then 20 Metrics to Measure & Track Success of your website.  No need to check Web stats on different websites and tools. Note that the site doesn’t accept “https” URLs, so remove the ‘s’ and it will check and “http” URL. Gives information about the browser and ISP as well.    }Weebly is a San Francisco, California based company that was founded in 2006 with the mission to help people put their information online quickly and easily. We now enable 3 million people to easily create personal sites and blogs or establish web presences for businesses, weddings, classrooms, churches, artistic portfolios, and more. In early 2007, the Weebly founding team joined a seed funding program called Y Combinator and began working full-time to make the Weebly service spectacular. We were proud to be named one of TIME’s 50 Best Websites of 2007, and have continued to improve Weebly’s feature set and ease of us e.  2016 Update: Weebly is still there.
http://wf4df37hrebhwzts.onion  }Web Design Guidelines: Onionland Style. Use on Tor.    }complete and easy to read who-is information, including dates, registrant, owner, etc. Includes desktop apps, commercial IRIS service, browser plugins and boomarklets.    }Whether you are thinking about changing web hosts or are after genuine feedback. Our users have reviewed over 477 hosting companies. You can browse through honest ratings of key features, support, uptime and costs of each company. These real unbiased reviews will enable you to choose the hosting package that’s right for you.    }open-source, cross-platform video converter; works with Windows, etc.    }the world’s largest web development site.   }This site is difficult to use and browsers have trouble loading and redirecting it. Redirect to 3 sites: (1)    }page to create your own website; page is in French; (2)    }create your own web-tv; site also in French; and (3) supposed to link to apps.wmaker, but now redirects to (1). The apps.wmaker site is perhaps ‘down’. –The application or service?, wmaker.apps, was designed to make an extension of your website into a mobile application. More info here:   }useful if you speak French. 2015 Update: the original site is on the Archive, and the redirected sites are down.  Here it is:   }”xFruits is a Web 2.0 service. You do not need any specific learning to deal with it. It is a free online service offering to every user the possibility of: – Enriching your home – Enlarging your blog’s functionalities- Creating, generally, your information system from the RSS feed. XFruits makes possible the Mashup RSS creation in a very simple way thanks to the Composer. You can assemble the bricks together so as to build your own feed-based service. “xFruiter” service’s users are referenced. xFruits has been thought of as from its origin to be upgradeable and modular, and thus, to allow a developer’s community to take part in the project. Our ambition is to create dozens of new bricks! XFruits is already available in English, French and Spanish version, a Japanese version will be available soon. This service is still in Beta, we count on the xFruiters’s ideas and suggestions to help the service to advance. One of the Home’s component is intended for collecting your ideas. The most successful ideas will be integrated into xFruits. XFruits is a service sponsored by the WM company, based in Ajaccio, which is specialized in the CMS on request. Do not hesitate to contact us:” So, their service is probably not available anymore, but we liked the ideas and wanted you to see them. On their ‘about’ page are comments and feedback about the product. Re/ the redirected sites, see below.   }A mashup, in web development, is a web page, or web application, that uses content from more than one source to create a single new service displayed in a single graphical interface. For example, you could combine the addresses and photographs of your library branches with a Google map to create a map mashup. The term implies easy, fast integration, frequently using open application programming interfaces (open API) and data sources to produce enriched results that were not necessarily the original reason for producing the raw source data. The term mashup originally comes from British – West Indies slang meaning to be intoxicated, or as a description for something or someone not functioning as intended. In recent English parlance it can refer to music, where people seamlessly combine audio from one song with the vocal track from another—thereby mashing them together to create something new. The main characteristics of a mashup are combination, visualization, and aggregation. It is important to make existing data more useful, for personal and professional use. To be able to permanently access the data of other services, mashups are generally client applications or hosted online.   }”Creat your website now!”  “What is it? An online solution to create its website. Who is it for? You Webmagazines publishers, bloggers and Web TV producers who want to focus primarily on the quality of their contents. Why use it? To offer its audience a Web offering that natively integrates mobile applications, video and social networks in its DNA. “   }although the site name is childish, it works well for “well-formed” URLs. It is free to use but, of course, they want you to pay for it eventually. It analyzes the site whose URL you enter, rates it, shows what might be good additions, shows related sites (usually sites the website uses), and so on. Guest user may run one website review per week. However, we disliked their “free trial” since you still have to give a credit card number or pay-pal for it.    }this page has links to HTML tutorials, even for beginners, and website building. DL 2015. Replacement:    }All web pages that you see on the Internet use HTML to format its pages for display in a web browser. This is so whether the website is a shopping site, a search engine, a blog or a tutorial site like This tutorial is intended to be a systematic guide to teach you HTML from the ground up. It assumes no knowledge of HTML. By the end of this tutorial series, you’ll be confidently creating web pages by directly coding in HTML.    }page with links to XHTML tutorial, again even for beginners. DL 2015. Replacement:     }Today we’ll explore exactly what XHTML is, and how you can use it to start producing the next generation of Web pages. This tutorial is broken into multiple parts, as follows: Part 1 asks “Why use XHTML?”, before we jump straight in and code our first HTML page. We then step through the basic building blocks of the technology, highlighting some of the benefits of XHTML along the way. Part 2 builds on this knowledge, as we explore the advanced building blocks of XHTML, including comments, text, and more. Part 3 considers the way XHTML deals with lists, graphics, and linking XHTML documents.   }Huge selection of free ringtones, themes, wallpapers and games for mobile phones. 8.4 million items shared by more than 25 million Zedge users world-wide. No charges and no subscriptions, and easy to download.

III. Proxy sites. (See also the Cold List for tutorials and info on Proxies and privacy.)
New!  Proxy Search Engines (2015). See also the JKU Research List for more proxy and private search engines.
Some institutional filters/firewalls block proxy sites also. So far in our tests, one institution’s blocking system has blocked every proxy site that we’ve tested. Therefore, we are listing many proxy sites here for you to use. When we find one that doesn’t get blocked, we’ll note that here.  Proxies that failed, we omit from the list. The newest proxy sites have the best chance of succeeding since they haven’t been added to the blocking lists yet. See also VPNs (virtual private networks). BTW, at the location that blocked every proxy tried, we still got out with Tor.    }All Proxy Sites maintains a list of currently active proxy sites which enable visitors to browse the web anonymously. These proxy sites are extremely useful to circumvent content filters like SmartFilter and WebSense. This allows people to browse the web unhindered at school or work. You can begin by reviewing our Top Proxy Sites or our Recent Proxy Sites. Or, if you are a seasoned proxy site veteran, you can also pick a proxy type from one of the categories on the left. Current 9jan16. 56 links on page.    }anonymoX is more than just an Add-On. The actual anonymization and country faking is done by an anonymization network. It consists of many servers, in every country of your country list. These servers are provided and managed by us. If you use anonymoX’s anonymization network without paying, that is only possible because you indirectly participate in the server funding by viewing advertisements. Instead of accessing a website directly, it will be first opened by one of our servers, called a Proxy. This Proxy hides your true internet identity and makes it look as if not you, but the Proxy is currently visiting the website. AnonymoX is an initiative for anonymization on the internet. The aim is to restore the users right of anonymity in the web. Most websites monitor the behaviour of their users, giving the websites hosts the ability to analyze the general users behaviour and create detailed user profiles, which are frequently sold to third parties. A threat for freedom of speech on the internet manifests in the repression through federal or private organizations. More and more governments censor websites with the excuse of child safety, copyright infringement or the fight against terrorism and thereby limit the freedom of speech. Also blocking users based on their origin with GeoIP-Blocks is applied often, for example at media platforms like YouTube.    }”In a free state there should be freedom of speech and thought.” –Tiberius (42 BC – 37 AD).  “GNUnet is a framework for secure peer-to-peer networking that does not use any centralized or otherwise trusted services. A first service implemented on top of the networking layer allows anonymous censorship-resistant file-sharing. GNUnet uses a simple, excess-based economic model to allocate resources. Peers in GNUnet monitor each others behavior with respect to resource usage; peers that contribute to the network are rewarded with better service. GNUnet is a peer-to-peer framework with focus on providing security. All peer-to-peer messages in the network are confidential and authenticated. The framework provides a transport abstraction layer and can currently encapsulate the network traffic in UDP (IPv4 and IPv6), TCP (IPv4 and IPv6), HTTP, or SMTP messages. GNUnet supports accounting to provide contributing nodes with better service. The primary service build on top of the framework is anonymous file sharing.”    }good for general use. DL 2015. Replacement:    }We offer a free web proxy to easily access blocked websites and surf the web anonymously. If you want to encrypt your whole internet connection and enjoy all advantages of our VPN, please sign up for free and setup our VPN solution    }this site worked well in our test. DL 2015. Replacement:    }You can tap into the free flowing, dynamic and evolving internet through our safe proxy environment. When started, a virtual browser is launched on a hardened, optimized and dedicated quadcore server so you can browse any website in private. Many traces of your internet viewing history are instantly eliminated and even hidden from your installed system management software. Cloaking your IP address from external monitoring is also included.    }new (11/13/11) proxy site. This is a page for bypassing Internet censorship. It does not enable any hacking or illegal activities. Current Dec.2015.    }use the Internet anonymously almost anywhere you go and on any computer: all connections to the Internet are forced to go through the Tor network (see below); leave no trace on the computer you’re using unless you ask it explicitly; use state-of-the-art cryptographic tools to encrypt your files, email and instant messaging.  See also The Cold List, the Freedom Category, from JKU.    }from here you can download Tor for free.  DL 2015. Replacement:    }Download Tor Browser for Windows. Version: 6.0 Size: 41.8 MB Filename: torbrowser-install-5-5-3_en-US.exe.    }Tails is a live system that aims to preserve your privacy and anonymity. It helps you to use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship almost anywhere you go and on any computer but leaving no trace unless you ask it to explicitly. It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card independently of the computer’s original operating system. It is Free Software and based on Debian GNU/Linux. Tails comes with several built-in applications pre-configured with security in mind: web browser, instant messaging client, email client, office suite, image and sound editor, etc. Tails relies on the Tor anonymity network to protect your privacy online: all software is configured to connect to the Internet through Tor; if an application tries to connect to the Internet directly, the connection is automatically blocked for security. You can also use Tails to access I2P which is an anonymity network different from Tor. Using Tails on a computer doesn’t alter or depend on the operating system installed on it. So you can use it in the same way on your computer, a friend’s computer, or one at your local library. After shutting down Tails, the computer will start again with its usual operating system. Tails is configured with special care to not use the computer’s hard-disks, even if there is some swap space on them. The only storage space used by Tails is in RAM, which is automatically erased when the computer shuts down. So you won’t leave any trace on the computer either of the Tails system itself or what you used it for. That’s why we call Tails “amnesic”.    }Installing Tails can be quite long but we hope you will still have a good time. We will first ask you a few questions to choose your installation scenario and then guide you step by step. 1. Install from another Tails. If you know someone of trust who uses Tails already, then you can install your Tails by copying from it. Make sure that this Tails is up-to-date. You need: (a)1 other Tails (USB stick or DVD); (b)1 USB stick (at least 4 GB); (c)½ hour to install. 2. Download and install. You need: (a)2 USB sticks (at least 4 GB) Why 2?; (b)1 hour to download Tails ( 1.1 GiB ); (c) 1 hour to install. (2 hours total). You also need a smartphone, another computer,or a printer to follow these instructions: First you will install an intermediary Tails on the first USB stick. First you will install an intermediary Tails on the first USB stick. From here   }you can start the installation by downloading the .iso file.  You can also Burn Tails on a DVD or Run Tails in a virtual machine.   }this site has a list of about 50 proxy sites that you can try. We’ve tested a few that are listed here. Scroll down to “new sites” to test the others.  DL 2015. Replacement:   }Have you ever faced any website blocked problem while accessing internet in your college, school, and office or while connecting to a public Wi-Fi? Sometime your ISP blocks some website in your region, state or country due to government rule or order. This might feel OK if you don’t visit those blocked sites, but what if you have some work on those sites but you are unable to view them ? In this case the top proxy sites can help you. Proxy server generally creates a new IP and hide your existing IP which enables you to access any site that are blocked in your country or blocked by your ISP. Lock Google Chrome Browser to Protect your Browsing data. The proxy also helps you to keep your data online secure by creating a Virtual Private Network (VPN) and help you to browse anonymously throughout the internet. Nowadays keeping your online data secure is becoming a big need. Because there are hackers who are looking for your online presence and attack your privacy. Thus, it is important to safe browsing while using the internet. Proxy servers do the same. Proxy Servers create a VPN and restrict your data between your PC and proxy server and while doing this they hide your IP which helps you to browse anonymously.  Remove memory card password easily
http://dg6exbqq42btatnw.onion    }GNUnet files sharing, on Tor. 2015 DL. Update: the GNUnet sites (   ) do not respond. Here is    }a description of it: GNUnet is a framework for secure peer-to-peer networking that does not use any centralized or otherwise trusted services. Currently, the service implemented on the framework serves to perform censorship-resistant file-sharing.    }Partner:s Deutsche Telekom, Firefox Silent Circle, Tor, EFF.  Our privacy policy, in a sentence: We don’t collect your IP address or any other personal info, except the info you volunteer. Your data is currency, and it’s being taken. Companies like Google, Facebook and thousands of others you’ve never heard of build profiles based on your online activity and track you in ways you wouldn’t expect. Cybercriminals and governments have proven they can access the most “secured” sets of personal info. Everything we do online is subject to surveillance. Our tools make it simple to better control your data. Your identity is at risk. Your sensitive personal information, identity and passwords are vulnerable to being tracked and hacked. We encrypt your Internet activity, which keeps you safe on public Wi-Fi, prevents wireless eavesdropping and protects you against other online threats. Billions of ads contain malware and invisible tracking. Our technology blocks over 5000 trackers, sources of malware and identity theft. Entering the Internet through our Virtual Private Network also masks your Internet Protocol (IP) address to prevent trackers and hackers from associating your Internet activity with your real name and identity. The Internet is censored. Defeat Internet censorship and bypass filters and firewalls to access blocked services, websites and applications. We allow you to mask the location of our VPN servers, so that you can stay private and access content freely no matter where you’re located. Keep your searches private Your typical searches are not private. Search engines and thousands of other companies save your personal searches and may associate them with your real name. We anonymize your search queries and let you search privately through your search engine of choice without being tracked.    }Disconnect search prevents search engines from tracking your searches. You can use it as a browser proxy, search engines you use will go through disconnect. It makes the searches and the browser slower, and doesn't always work, but usually does.  Use caution, Disconnect will try to redirect you to its donate/pay page(s).    }the Disconnect proxy extension for Firefox. "Search privately using your favorite search engine. Disconnect Search lets you: search with DuckDuckGo, Bing, & Yahoo (Google not currently available),  search through your omnibox or address bar, and stop ISPs & sites from tracking your searches. "     }Duck Duck Go, or DDG, functions like a proxy. Their explanation is a little long, but explains things that most users will not know.
"At other search engines, when you do a search and then click on a link, your search terms are sent to that site you clicked on (in the HTTP referrer header). We call this sharing of personal information "search leakage."  For example, when you search for something private, you are sharing that private search not only with your search engine, but also with all the sites that you clicked on (for that search). In addition, when you visit any site, your computer automatically sends information about it to that site (including your User agent and IP address). This information can often be used to identify you directly. So when you do that private search, not only can those other sites know your search terms, but they can also know that you searched it. It is this combination of available information about you that raises privacy concerns. DuckDuckGo prevents search leakage by default. Instead, when you click on a link on our site, we route (redirect) that request in such a way so that it does not send your search terms to other sites. The other sites will still know that you visited them, but they will not know what search you entered beforehand. At some other search engines (including us), you can also use an encrypted version (HTTPS), which as a byproduct doesn't usually send your search terms to sites. However, it is slower to connect to these versions and if you click on a site that also uses HTTPS then your search is sent. Nevertheless, the encrypted version does protect your search from being leaked onto the computers it travels on between you and us."    }The invisible internet project. I2P is an anonymous network, exposing a simple layer that applications can use to anonymously and securely send messages to  each other. The network itself is strictly message based (a la IP), but there is a library available to allow reliable streaming communication on top of it (a la TCP). All communication is end to end encrypted (in total there are four layers of encryption used when sending a message), and even the end points (“destinations”) are cryptographic identifiers (essentially a pair of public keys). Within the I2P network, applications are not restricted in how they can communicate – those that typically use UDP can make use of the base I2P functionality, and those that typically use TCP can use the TCP-like streaming library. We have a generic TCP/I2P bridge application (“I2PTunnel”) that enables people to forward TCP streams into the I2P network as well as to receive streams out of the network and forward them towards a specific TCP/IP address. I2PTunnel is currently used to let people run their own anonymous website (“eepsite”) by running a normal webserver and pointing an I2PTunnel ‘server’ at it, which people can access anonymously over I2P with a normal web browser by running an I2PTunnel HTTP proxy (“eepproxy”). In addition, we use the same technique to run an anonymous IRC network (where the IRC server is hosted anonymously, and standard IRC clients use an I2PTunnel to contact it).   }their download page. Dependency: Java Runtime Version 7 or higher. (Oracle, OpenJDK, or IcedTea Java Version 7 or 8 recommended, except Raspberry Pi: Oracle JDK 8 for ARM, PowerPC: IBM Java SE 7 or 8). Determine your installed Java version here or type java version at your command prompt.    }uncensored anonymous search.  It is “powered by” google custom search, and a few others here are as well. (We now include google sites and engines, and don’t reject them as we did in the past issues of JKU.) They say this on the search page (edited): “Founded in 2009 by Internet Privacy advocats, Gibiru is the preferred Search Engine for Patriots. Gibiru is faster than the NSA Search Engines since it does not install all sorts of personalization and tracking cookies on your system. Gibiru provides Uncensored and Unpersonalized Anonymous Web and News Results. Gibiru is Not partnered with the NSA so you can Browse  the Internet safely the way the Constitution would have intended. “ We found the site clean and the search relatively fast and easy to use. It also has links to “surveillance reports” and “anonymous news”. They also offer free plugins for Firefox users, 128 bit encryption and so on.  Here also is:    }their secure (https), uncensored anonymous search.    }Official HMA! Web Proxy extension; easily switch to secure anonymous browsing. Hide My Ass! operates the most popular browser based web proxy online, this is our official extension that enables you to easily redirect your web traffic through our anonymous proxy network.    }VPNs, privacy software, proxies, and more. Recommended.
http://jm6miyk4tog63kqs.onion/    }Services run by the admin of TorStatusNet, My Hidden Blog, and Hidden Image Site.    }Our online database of proxy lists contains the largest number of functioning and tested proxies.  In addition to public proxies the database contains many of the “paid” and “private” lists of proxies. All the proxies before coming to the list undergo a thorough check. Each proxy is checked on the set of parameters (ping, connection speed, country, type and degree of anonymity). Ability to export in the IP:Port format (premium only). For a guaranteed secure connection via the high-speed secure private server – use VPN access. If you have suggestions for functionality or have found any errors – please let us know via feedback. Site current as of 9jan16. 31 links on the page, the site limits access to the full list, saying “restriction of the free version 64 last checked proxies available from 1666 total available for premium users.”.    }this is a 100% free internet proxy service, and one of the oldest that still exists. The catch: they heavily try to sell you their pay-for services, and you don’t get the full VPN protection without doing so. They also make the free service hard to find on the page, etc. Find that here    }showing the individual proxies available.     }Our easy-to-use software lets you change your IP address anytime by routing your Internet traffic through private and secure servers worldwide. A small dropdown box will appear on your web browser toolbar (e.g. Internet Explorer / Firefox) with a list of several countries. Select one and your IP address will change so that you appear to be located in that country. You can quickly jump back and forth between locations around the world. IP address options are arranged alphabetically by country. Just click the box to instantly get an IP address in the location of your choice. When surfing websites where you are not concerned about displaying your IP, you can select “Clear” for your regular Internet connection (see images below).    }Ixquick is the world’s most private search engine. It was once one of the top-rated metasearch-engines in the world, and is also one of the oldest ones that still exists. Allows, e.g., image searches without using cookies, and does not record your IP address, etc.; only Ixquick does this. You can also do proxy searches through them, thus leaving no traces. Their advanced search is very sophisticated, allowing you to utilize the features that each search engine has; more info at    }their description page. We find Ixquick’s site- and search result-pages to pleasant looking and easier to read than most search engines. Their image search is one of the best. This is a much better metasearch-engine than google is. Others are better than google in specific ways or with specific features, but this one is better overall, including readability and ease of use. Found two results in the hard search term test. Returns video results basically only from Blinkx, which has been quite FUBAR in recent years. Recommended except for  videos.    }They say “Unlike other search engines, Lukol does not track or share personal information: We do NOT record your IP address, browser data, or operating system. We do NOT send tracking cookies to your computer. We do NOT record your search terms. We do NOT share your private data (IP address, cookies, and search terms) with governments. When we obtain enhanced results from Google, we tunnel your search query through our proxy servers, without exposing your IP or cookie data.” Ixquick offers the same services. So, this is like google results through a proxy, same as Ixquick’s Startpage.   }one of the best proxies in our tests.  If the URL is blocked, try    }instead. They mail out new proxy site URLs to your e-mail, their unique service.    }Skip blocking, proxy overshoot, and get rid of the blocking, proxy, the best service in PHP that, without ads, super fast connect to theInternet and free safety and the high-speed, Protect your identity online and protect your computer from hackers and viruses networks. Site is in Arabic or Persian, you can translate it.    }the actual download page.    }the Disconnect proxy.  Says, "Visualize and block the otherwise invisible websites that track your search and browsing history. Stop tracking by thousands of third-party sites. Disconnect is open-source, pay-what-you-want software. You can get help on our site. Note about using Disconnect with other filtering add-ons like Adblock Plus: Disconnect is compatible with other filtering add-ons, but if you want Disconnect to show blocking info, uninstall then reinstall any other filtering add-ons you have (i.e., Disconnect must be added first). P.S. Green (or checked) means blocked! " They  claim it speed-up page or link loading, but, it actually slowed down searches and slowed down the browser in our tests; enough that we eventually uninstalled it. But it does work as advertised, and, for most users, the slowdown might not be noticeable, or might be acceptable to them.    }Hide My Ass! Web Proxy 1.3.2 by HideMyAss! Hide My Ass! operates the most popular browser based web proxy online, this is our official extension that enables you to easily redirect your web traffic through our anonymous proxy network.
http://nemlq3kd36frgvzp.onion   }TorPortal. Use on Tor network.    }The world’s largest distribution network for proxy sites to circumvent Internet censorship. See also The Cold List , which has many Freedom websites.    }instructions how to install the Circumventor program which gets around all web blocking.    }a non-caching web proxy with advanced filtering capabilities for enhancing privacy, modifying web page data and HTTP headers, controlling access, and removing ads and other obnoxious Internet junk.    }here are the FAQs for Privoxy.    }the Privoxy user manual is here, for those of you who want to use it. We installed it on a public computer, but it didn’t work owing to technical problems which they describe here:    }this is all bad news to the millions of people across the U.S. who use public computers, including students, researchers, and others. We ourselves have no time at all to read the manual nor to fix the browser’s problems, etc., and most facilities and institutions lock-up the browsers and computers so that we users, the public, can’t make any necessary changes in them. This, of course, is wrong.    }another good surfing proxy. Did well in our tests; allows you to specify what’s excluded: cookies, scripts, referrers, ads, etc.    }use the free Proxy server on this page, or start a free trial if you prefer. 2016.     }Public Proxy Servers is a free and independent proxy checking system. Our service helps you to protect your identity and bypass surfing restrictions since 2002. Unlike developers of other checkers we are completely independent, i.e.: 1) we do not offer paid listing to owners, 2) we do not require a link back on listed websites, 3) we do not own any proxies. This allowed us to focus on technical aspects and develop a truely unique and innovative checking engine. The best checking engine available today. Unlike all other websites provides proxy list solely based on quality parameters of proxy servers (access time, life time, functionality, etc).    }All I2P users act as a network node themselves (unlike, for example, the Tor network) and thus relay traffic for other users. Due to the routing of traffic through other peers, the average speed will be considerably lower than on the clearnet, but this won’t be a major burden for sharing e-books, since these are generally quite small. In my experience, the average speed is about 17KBps per torrent, but I’m not sure if this is representative for all I2P torrent users. Windows: Installing I2P in Windows is not much of a hassle either. Just grab the graphical installer from  which at the time of writing was i2pinstall_0.8.12.exe. If you do not already have Java, the I2P installer will open where you can download Java. If it doesn’t, you can get Java here:    }Download and install Java (make sure to not install the Ask Toolbar) and then relaunch the I2P installer. Basic configuration: 1. Port forwarding; 2. Raising the bandwidth of I2P. Configuring foxyproxy to reach eepsites (.i2p): As you probably already know, to download a file using a torrent, you first have to get a .torrent file. The way this works within I2P is analogous to clearnet – you get them from sites that index torrents. At the time of writing, there are 2 torrent indexes on I2P. The one we will be using is the Postman tracker located at http://tracker2.postman.i2p . To access a website with an .i2p pseudo-TLD, you need to configure Firefox to route those requests through a local proxy. Sounds like moonspeak to you? Don’t worry, it’s easy.    }Anonymize any hyperlink with a simple prefix.  Check for deep link blocking with our Test Link creator. This type of service is also commonly called a link anonymizer, link dereferrer, referrer hider. Anonymous links do not bypass all possible methods for blocking deep links. They only hide referrer to prevent simple hotlink checking based on the HTTP REFERER header. Referrer checking is the easiest, and most commonly method used to stop direct links to media files such as images. Anonymous links will not affect password protection or other advanced methods for blocking direct links.    }Make a test link, you enter a URL. Possible Uses (among many). Quickly test if a server is blocking deep links based on referrer information; quickly test your own website’s detection of the HTTP “Referer” header; quickly test JavaScript links. For example, enter above: javascript:alert(‘hi’) .     }go to search results via the Searx proxy.    }technical info on using Privoxy and Tor.    }the world’s most privite search engine. This is one of our favorite engines, we use it every day. Does search w/w/o proxy, customizable. Combines Ixquick (The Netherlands) results with non-redundant results from google.  Highly Recommended.    }here is a list of untested proxy sites. Update 2015: Their URL has changed, but the site is still there. Use    }Anonymous proxies appear on the Internet constantly, often only to disappear rapidly when their owners discover the bandwidth cost. To help users find a current anonymous proxy server, dedicated individuals maintain anonymous proxy lists. We maintain our own anonymous proxy list that users can access by clicking the Proxy Sites button on the top menu. In addition, these other websites also maintain frequently updated lists of anonymous proxy servers on the Internet: Ros Instrument, Atom Intersoft, Cybersyndrome, Multiproxy, Proxz, Public Proxy, Proxy 4 Free, Stay Invisible, Samair, Anonymity Checker, Alive . The anonymous web proxies on these lists can be configured in the web browser manually or one of the many client applications available for anonymous web proxy configuration can be automatically configured. Also see:    }Hiding an IP online is necessary for a variety of reasons. Various websites, video games, and miscellaneous connections to the Internet share information about the network’s location and host. The simplest way to prevent sharing this information, while still being able to connect to the Internet is by hiding the individual’s and his/her Internet enabled device’s IP address. To do this,  the user has to use a proxy server to hide the original IP.    }I2P, short for the Invisible Internet Project, spawned in 2003, and is an anonymizing network that focuses on secure internal connections between users. Tor, on the other hand, largely focuses on allowing users to reach the regular internet anonymously (called the clearnet). In other words, we can think of Tor as being a path to the regular internet, while I2P seeks to create its own internet. In this light, we can already see that these two services are apples and oranges, thus there is no reason to say that one is better than another. Unfortunately this debate regularly takes place.    }Hidden Services are in a peculiar situation. While they see a loyal fan-base, there are no dedicated Tor developers to take care of them. This results in a big pile of features that need to be researched, implemented and deployed to make Hidden Services more secure and effective. The purpose of this blog post is threefold: Introduce Hidden Service operators to various shortcomings of the Hidden Service architecture; Introduce researchers to various research questions regarding Hidden Services; Introduce developers to the plethora of coding tasks left to be done in the hidden Service ecosystem. Note that not every idea listed in the blog post is going to turn out to be a great idea. This post is more of a brain-dump than a solid fully-analyzed agenda.    }here’s the Tor Project overview, you’ll find this interesting if you need to use a proxy.    }the Tor manual is here, with all that technical data.      }here are various mirror sites to use Tor with, if you need them.    }”Notice: 2014-8-3: From now on the contributed proxy server IP addresses added daily by our users, and displayed here for a full day, will be limited to 30 per day. This feature is becoming very popular and we must limit the number displayed per day so they don’t block out the 30 proxy server addresses our computers need to display every hour (1 freshly tested proxy server IP every 2 minutes). This should give us a good balance of servers tested every 2 minutes and ones that might be on the page all day without being tested until the next time they are displayed. You can add as many as you like, but only 30 will be displayed on any given day. We may never get that many in any case, but better to have a policy in place before things get out of hand. “ ” The majority of the web pages on this site contain free proxy lists. More specifically each of these web pages contain a free Public Proxy IP list. Some of the lists are for HTTP and HTTPS and so target just your browsing of the Internet, some are for Sockets, anonymizing everything on your device, and some of the other IP lists offer different levels of anonymity. However, if you are looking for a web site that permits you to type in the URL of the site you wish to visit anonymously, and have it take you there immediately, then you are looking for a Web Proxy Server, not a list of free proxy IP addresses. In that case here is a link to a maintained list of Web Proxy Servers. We test and rate every free proxy IP before displaying it on our site. New proxy server IPs listed on this page are added at a rate of approximately one every 2 minutes, and once a day for all the other free proxy lists. The speed(Latency) and anonymity rating(Level) of each free proxy is tested by our servers and is then displayed along with the organisation/ISP, and up to date geographic information such as city and country of origin. “ 64 links on the page. “Saturday January 9, 2016“ on the page.    }list of URL proxies. The ones that we tested, worked.    }some info about proxies and Tor.

IV. Linux, etc.
2015 Update: since you won’t find support for XP and older OS online, we are providing that here. In this List, we have described and linked to some apps for so-called “legacy” users and systems. However, apps and links up to windows 8.1 and current in 2015 are also included. If you find any dead links (DLs) which we have missed, let us know, and we will give a replacement link, at no extra charge.
2016 Update: We don’t like W10 and so, the newest Windows OS we test for is W8.1. Note the new links and sites for 2016 below. 
2017 Update: Well, Ok, we tested some apps on W10 as well, but still don't Recommend it. 
Some acronyms used below:
API stands for Application Programming Interface. An API is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building web-enabled and
mobile-based applications. The API specifies how you can authenticate (optional), request and receive data from the API server.
BIOS is short for Basic Input-Output system. It’s low-level software that resides in a chip on your computer’s motherboard. The BIOS loads when your computer starts up, and the BIOS is responsible for waking up your computer’s hardware components, ensures they’re functioning properly, and then runs the bootloader that boots Windows or whatever other operating system you have installed. It is pronounced Bye-Ohss.
GNU stands for GNU's Not UNIX. The GNU Project was launched in 1984 to develop a complete Unix-like operating system which is free software: the GNU system. Variants of the GNU operating system, which use the kernel Linux, are now widely used; though these systems are often referred to as "Linux", they are more accurately called GNU/Linux systems. Explanation: Recursive acronyms are fun because generally speaking the first letter is arbitrary. WINE could just as easily be PINE, DINE, MINE, or NINE, but I guess they liked the sound of WINE best.  Pronunciation: gnu: uk:​ /nuː/ us: /nuː/.
GRUB stands for GRand Unified Bootloader. It is a flexible and advanced boot loader for the Linux operating system. there are two other boot loaders used in Linux: LILO and Linux Loader. The location of GRUB is usually in the Master Boot Record (MBR) of the disk drive. you can also place it on the first hard disk sector of the / or /boot partition if you wish to use a boot loader from another operating system.
PE stands for Preinstalled Environment, Preinstallation Environment, and Portable Executable.
POSIX stands for (1) Portable Operating System Interface, and (2) Portable Operating System Interface based on uniX.
SDK is an acronym for Software Developer Kit. When a company publishes their API, there’s typically accompanied documentation that shows how the API authenticates, how it can be queried, and what the appropriate responses are. To help developers get a head start, companies often publish a Software Developer Kit to include a class or the necessary functions easily into projects that the developer is writing.
UEFI stands for Unified Extensible Firmware Interface. New computers use UEFI firmware instead of the traditional BIOS. Both are low-level software that starts when you boot your PC before booting your operating system, but UEFI is a more modern solution, supporting larger hard drives, faster boot times, more security features, and—conveniently—graphics and mouse cursors. Even if your PC uses the term “BIOS”, modern PCs you buy today almost certainly ship with UEFI firmware instead of a BIOS. UEFI replaces the traditional BIOS on PCs. There’s no way to switch from BIOS to UEFI on an existing PC. You need to buy new hardware that supports and includes UEFI, as most new computers do. Most UEFI implementations provide BIOS emulation so you can choose to install and boot old operating systems that expect a BIOS instead of UEFI, so they’re backwards compatible. UEFI is essentially a tiny operating system that runs on top of the PC’s firmware, and it can do a lot more than a BIOS. It may be stored in flash memory on the motherboard, or it may be loaded from a hard drive or network share at boot. The currently accepted pronunciations for UEFI are (1) you-eff-eye, and (2) you-effy.
WINE also has two conflicting meanings. One source says that WINE initially stood for Windows Emulator, then later shifted to the recursive acronym, Wine Is Not An Emulator in order to differentiate the software from CPU emulators. The other source says, WINE originally stood for Wine Is Not An Emulator.
XML stands for EXtensible Markup Language, and is a markup language much like HTML. It was designed to describe data. XML tags are not predefined in XML. You must define your own tags, the order in which they occur, and how they should be processed or displayed; the most recognizable feature of XML is its tags, or elements (to be more accurate). XML is self describing, and uses a DTD (Document Type Definition) to formally describe the data. XML is not a replacement for HTML; they were designed with different goals. XML was designed to describe data and to focus on what data is. HTML was designed to display data and to focus on how data looks. HTML is about displaying information, XML is about describing information.    }Definition: wget: retrieves files from the web Wget is a network utility to retrieve files from the Web using http and ftp, the two most widely used Internet protocols. It works non-interactively, so it will work in the background, after having logged off. The program supports recursive retrieval of web-authoring pages as well as ftp sites –you can use wget to make mirrors of archives and home pages or to travel the Web like a WWW robot. Wget works particularly well with slow or unstable connections by continuing to retrieve a document until the document is fully downloaded. Re-getting files from where it left off works on servers (both http and ftp) that support it. Both http and ftp retrievals can be time stamped, so wget can see if the remote file has changed since the last retrieval and automatically retrieve the new version if it has. Wget supports proxy servers; this can lighten the network load, speed up retrieval, and provide access behind firewalls. See GNU wget (below).    }Well, another very remarkable essay, that I am proud to present. SiuL+Hacky tackles here once more uncovered ground, and teaches all of you more elements of Linux reverse engineering… you may want to check his good first essay about Linux reverse engineering… a bad omen of these commercial times… even Linux is getting more and more soiled by commercial overbloated applications   }FUSBi, the Free USB Installer, downloads free GNU/Linux Distributions for you and creates bootable USB images. FUSBi supports automated installation of of all the FSF-endorsed Free Software GNU/Linux Distributions, such as gNewSense, UTUTO, Dynebolic, Musix GNU+Linux, BLAG and GNUstep. You can also use it with your local image files. FUSBi is a Free Software itself and is licensed under GNU General Public License version 3 or later.    }How to install linux on a windows 8 system? I want to have both Linux and windows on my laptop may you help my how I can do it? Microsoft Windows really created a big mess for all Linux distributions. If you have a pre-installed Windows 8 system, you will probably never be able to install Ubuntu or any other OS in the normal (LiveCD/LiveUSB) or Wubi way. This is because Windows 8 introduced several new features, of which 2 are: UEFI which substitutes what we have known as the BIOS (an alternative to), and Secure Boot which prevents anything but the installed operating system, in this case Windows 8 from booting. This is no longer the case for Ubuntu since 12.04.2 I also want to notify that I spend this week testing 15.04 and had an excellent outcome. Of 12 Laptops ( 4 Toshibas, 3 HP & 5 Lenovo) where Windows 8.1 was pre-installed, on all cases, Ubuntu detected the Windows Boot Manager correctly, gave the option to install alongside Windows 8.1 (It actually said Install alongside Windows Boot Manager) and solved any issues that appeared on previous Ubuntu versions. I basically did not have to do anything else on this cases. This was with Secure Boot on and on an EFI enabled boot system. This does not mean that in your cases it will work perfectly, it just means that on my cases, I had a 100% Ubuntu Perfect installation. Again, with 15.04 (On all cases it was 64-bit).
http://bomboclatu7rk22w.onion/users/sign_in    }GitLab Community Edition: Open source software to collaborate on code. Manage git repositories with fine grained access controls that keep your code secure. Perform code reviews and enhance collaboration with merge requests. Each project can also have an issue tracker and a wiki. Welcome to bomboclat! The clearnetless GitLab server. Support:    }This app is one of the easiest ways to add Ubuntu to your Windows system. Wubi’s dialog interface requires users to select a mere six options to install the Linux OS. Don’t expect help with this utility. Users are expected to have a basic understanding of Linux and booting into alternate operating systems. Download page for this.    }page on how to create a recovery disk. Learn how to use the Restore Disk using ASR method in case of a Windows system failure.   }download page for this. With USB Drive Data Recovery Software you can recover your accidentally lost documents from a USB flash disk.    }Cygwin is: a large collection of GNU and Open Source tools which provide functionality similar to a Linux distribution on Windows, and a DLL (cygwin1.dll) which provides substantial POSIX API functionality.  Cygwin isn’t a way to run native Linux apps on Windows. You must rebuild your application from source if you want it to run on Windows; isn’t a way to magically make native Windows apps aware of UNIX® functionality like signals, ptys, etc. Again, you need to build your apps from source if you want to take advantage of Cygwin functionality. The Cygwin DLL currently works with all recent, commercially released x86 32 bit and 64 bit versions of Windows, starting with Windows XP SP3. The most recent version of the Cygwin DLL is 2.3.0. Install it by running setup-x86.exe (32-bit installation) or setup-x86_64.exe (64-bit installation). Use the setup program to perform a fresh install or to update an existing installation. Note that individual packages in the distribution are updated separately from the DLL so the Cygwin DLL version is not useful as a general Cygwin release number.    }’git’ tutorial primer. “My name is Daniel Miessler and I work in Information Security based out of San Francisco, California. This site is a life project based on creating, consuming, and sharing worthwhile content in the areas of information security, philosophy, politics, design, and other topics.” Site Recommended, we found it readable, clear, clean, and useful. “hacker”, “techie” and “geek” news and info. Note: this “git” primer does not explain what it is, what “git” itself is. That’s typical of various computer products broadly called software or systemware, including network systems and application, including platforms, protocols, and so and so on. So, we did some checking…. First, git is a type of VCS. What is a VCS? “Veritas Cluster Server (also known as VCS and also sold bundled in the SFHA product) is a High-availability cluster software, for Unix, Linux and Microsoft Windows computer systems, created by Veritas Software (now part of Symantec). It provides application cluster capabilities to systems running other applications, including database, network file sharing, and electronic commerce websites. High availability clusters (HAC) improve application availability by failing them over or switching them over in a group of systems—as opposed to High Performance Clusters, which improve application performance by running them on multiple systems simultaneously. Most Veritas Cluster Server implementations attempt to build availability into a cluster, eliminating single points of failure by making use of redundant components like multiple network cards, storage area networks in addition to the use of VCS. “. Second, what is git itself? “The Linux kernel is an open source software project of fairly large scope. For most of the lifetime of the Linux kernel maintenance (1991–2002), changes to the software were passed around as patches and archived files. In 2002, the Linux kernel project began using a proprietary DVCS called BitKeeper .In 2005, the relationship between the community that developed the Linux kernel and the commercial company that developed BitKeeper broke down, and the tool’s free-of-charge status was revoked. This prompted the Linux development community (and in particular Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux) to develop their own tool based on some of the lessons they learned while using BitKeeper. Some of the goals of the new system were as follows: Speed, Simple design, Strong support for non-linear development (thousands of parallel branches), [and] Fully distributed[.] Able to handle large projects like the Linux kernel efficiently (speed and data size) Since its birth in 2005, Git has evolved and matured to be easy to use and yet retain these initial qualities. It’s incredibly fast, it’s very efficient with large projects, and it has an incredible branching system for non-linear development.“ So how would you define a repository? Wikipedia says: storage location from which software packages may be retrieved and installed on a computer.    }Dedoimedo offers the most detailed guides and articles on a wide range of topics, including Linux and Windows, security, virtualization, hardware, and so much more. Their home page.    }This tutorial focuses on GRUB legacy. If you’re looking for a tutorial on GRUB 2, the next generation of the popular bootloader, please take a look at this article. GRUB stands for GRand Unified Bootloader.    }Welcome to the GRUB 2 bootloader tutorial! You must have read my GRUB legacy guide. In the last two and a half years, it alone has garnered some half a million views, proving to be quite popular and useful to computer users worldwide. Site date 2010.    }GRUB 2 works like this: /etc/default/grub contains customization; /etc/grub.d/ scripts contain GRUB menu information and operating system boot scripts. When the update-grub command is run, it reads the contents of the grub file and the grub.d scripts and creates the grub.cfg file. That’s all.     }a review of Kubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala, with screenshots.     }This article is supposed to provide you with basic understanding of the GRUB bootloader. If you have read my other Linux articles, you are familiar with partitioning and Linux notation, as well as with the command line. The next logical step is to enhance this knowledge by taking one step further. Understanding how GRUB works and what boot entries in the boot menu mean will help you understand how the operating systems work, how to fix, recover or modify the GRUB menu to suit your needs, and how to setup different work environments with several operating systems.    }installing Kubuntu, full tutorial.    }Linux documentation. Very useful collection of manuals and helps and how-tos. Recommended.    }Linux manual pages.    }UTUTO GNU/Linux is a Gentoo-based distribution developed by at the Universidad Nacional de Salta in Argentina. Named after a fidgety local lizard that pokes its nose into every hole, UTUTO is a high-performance desktop system designed to be used by home and office users, developers, organisations and government officials.    }old-school documents and e-mail, technical documents.    }that jargon document free from here.     }grub download files stored here.   }”The premiere GNOME/GTK+ software directory. GnomeFiles is a software repository for the GTK+ widget toolkit and the GNOME desktop environment. It was launched on 16 June, 2004, two months after GNOME closed its software repository due to security issues. It is an admitted clone of BeBits, a similar BeOS software repository which predates it by half a decade. GnomeFiles. org is currently owned by OSNews LLC and its source code is licensed from Eugenia Loli-Queru.” …When we checked, the site was up; nonetheless several blogs reported that the site was down. In our tests, the site had 6 categories on the front page, and “application repostory” was the 6th one. Each category has 5 links, sometimes to app sites, sometimes to other sites. The “application repostory” led to searches for them, not a repository, and none of what’s is in the quotation. We don’t know where the “GNOME/GTK+ software directory” is now, but some sites say it is no longer supported. 603 total links in the website.    }All the development is done through a Git repository. If you are interested in the cutting-edge version of GNU GRUB, for example, to test a newer version or to add new features, we strongly recommend giving the latest repository version a try.    }download page for the GNU GRUB manual, in all the packed file forms.    }download link for the pdf. Starts immediately.    }this is the documentation of GNU GRUB, the GRand Unified Bootloader, a flexible and powerful boot loader program for pcs. This edition documents version 0.97. This manual is for GNU GRUB (version 0.97, 8 May 2005).    }the GRUB manual itself.    }The list of command-line and menu entry commands. These commands are usable in the command-line and in menu entries. If you forget a command, you can run the command help.    }GNU Wget is a free software package for retrieving files using HTTP, HTTPS and FTP, the most widely-used Internet protocols. It is a non-interactive commandline tool, so it may easily be called from scripts, cron jobs, terminals without X-Windows support, etc. GNU Wget has many features to make retrieving large files or mirroring entire web or FTP sites easy, including: Can resume aborted downloads, using REST and RANGE. Can use filename wild cards and recursively mirror directories. NLS-based message files for many different languages. Optionally converts absolute links in downloaded documents to relative, so that downloaded documents may link to each other locally. Runs on most UNIX-like operating systems as well as Microsoft Windows. Supports HTTP proxies. Supports HTTP cookies. Supports persistent HTTP connections. Unattended / background operation. Uses local file timestamps to determine whether documents need to be re-downloaded when mirroring. GNU Wget is distributed under the GNU General Public License.    }Time UNIXGenerator UNIX timestamp (the number of seconds passed from 1 January 1970 00:00). Returns the current time as the stamp and specially given. With the help of this tool, you can generate an unictype stamp from a specific date, recognize the unictype stamp and also recognize the current unicast.    }There’s no one right option here. People who want a full Linux experience will probably want a virtual machine, while users of a few crucial shell utilities may prefer Cygwin. Others who just want to run a single program may find better luck with a version of that program ported to Windows.    }This tutorial shows how you can upgrade your GRUB bootloader to GRUB 2 on Ubuntu 9.04. GRUB 2 has been rewritten from scratch to clean up everything for modularity and portability. 2015 DL. Replacement:   }These instructions are for installing more than two OS’s on your hard drive. If you only need two operating systems (such as a Windows installation and a (K)ubuntu Linux installation), it is easiest to just use the (K)ubuntu installer to do it for you (see WindowsDualBoot, for example).   }As many users are asking us an easier way to create bootable USB to reduce the task that we have covered in install windows 7 from USB guide (which uses command prompt), we have compiled a list of utilities that help you create a bootable USB in a few minutes. There might be some paid tools that help to create a bootable USB, but these tools are really helpful as one can create a bootable USB in a few steps. All these utilities are absolutely free to download and use.    }Download Kubuntu CD and USB stick images. For the desktop a 32-Bit version and a 64-Bit version are available. Download the Kubuntu ISO to create your own installation CD or USB stick. The download process can take a while, depending on your connection speed (the file size is 700MB). 2015 DL. Replacements: see this site    }for info, and this one   }for links to the apps. 40 links for “Creating a Kubuntu Live USB from CD”.    }Kubuntu comes with a wide variety of card games. Explore more games through the KDE Games website, or by clicking on the thumbnails below: There you can find board and logic games, as well as Arcade and Strategy games. Fun and educational games for kids are also included.   }12 unetbootin packages. This PPA currently publishes packages for Saucy, Raring, Quantal, Precise, Oneiric, Natty, Maverick, Lucid, Karmic, Jaunty, Intrepid, and Hardy.   }This web-page is part of a larger site giving examples of how to install Windows+Ubuntu Linux operating systems ‘dual boot’ in a computer.  Illustrated Dual Boot HomePage .    }grub-mkrescue – makes a bootable rescue CD or floppy disk image.    } USB-Backup is a free Graphical user interface for creating encrypted backups to external media. It is distributed under the GPLv2-License. For the compression and the backup format itself the proven and very good compressing Open Source Software 7-Zip is used. The assurance is based on the so-called differential backup. In this method, the first backup is a “full backup” of the desired data is then updated only by updates. This way, only the first backup is time consuming and each additional update goes quite quickly. Furthermore, one can quickly restore all the data again in case of emergency. local disks, such as the system disk C: can be backed up by using shadow copies, but this requires administrator privileges. The use of the program is user-friendly and has been developed in cooperation with users.  Network drives can also be backed up. Installation: the program does not require installation – so it is also admin-friendly ;)  I put it mostly in the Startup folder of the corresponding user and thats it.    }The Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) helps you to install, customize, and deploy the Microsoft Windows Vista™ family of operating systems.    }The Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) is designed to help corporate IT professionals customize and deploy the Microsoft Windows Vista™ family of operation systems. By using Windows AIK, you can perform unattended Windows installations, capture Windows images with ImageX, and create Windows PE images.   }A service pack (SP) is a Windows update, often combining previously released updates, that helps make Windows more reliable. Service packs, which are provided free of charge on this page, can include security and performance improvements and support for new types of hardware. Make sure you install the latest service pack to help keep Windows up to date. Service packs take about 30 minutes to install, and you’ll need to restart your computer about halfway through the installation.    }The Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) helps you to install, customize, and deploy the Microsoft Windows Vista™ family of operating systems.    }The Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) is designed to help Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), system builders, and corporate IT professionals deploy Windows onto new hardware. The Windows AIK is a new set of deployment tools supporting the latest release of Windows. This guide describes the current methods, tools, and requirements for deploying Windows. Supported Operating Systems: Longhorn (Windows Code Name) ; Windows Vista; Windows Vista Business; Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition; Windows Vista Business N; Windows Vista Enterprise; Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition; Windows Vista Home Basic; Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition; Windows Vista Home Basic N; Windows Vista Home Premium; Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition; Windows Vista Starter; Windows Vista Starter N; Windows Vista Ultimate; Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit edition, Windows XP. Download: Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) User’s Guide for Windows Vista    }nLite Deployment Tool for the Bootable Unattended Windows ISO (Remove components, integrate hotfixes, drivers and themes. Tweaks, patches…)   }File: pebuilder3110a.exe, Size: 3.15MB, MD5 hash: f9013d809cde9c8137f604d3806bf898, Attention! Do not link to any mirror directly. Link using this page!    }Bart’s PE Builder helps you build a “BartPE” (Bart Preinstalled Environment) bootable Windows CD-Rom or DVD from the original Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 installation/setup CD, very suitable for PC maintenance tasks. It will give you a complete Win32 environment with network support, a graphical user interface (800×600) and FAT/NTFS/CDFS filesystem support. Very handy for burn-in testing systems with no OS, rescuing files to a network share, virus scan and so on. This will replace any Dos bootdisk in no time!    }Hi all, welcome to my page about building a highly modular CD-Rom boot disk. I’ve been creating boot disks for about 19 years and I’m sharing it with the public for about 16 years now. The CDBOOT disk was one of the first disks and it was time for a new version. The old version (v1.x) could not load both Atapi and SCSI CD-Rom drivers and it had other limitations. Features: Supports eltorito.sys(can only be used on “no-emulation mode” bootable CD-Rom’s); Supports Atapi (also UDMA) CD-Rom drives; Supports ASPI/SCSI CD-Rom drives, The boot disk is based on MODBOOT, a very modular boot disk; Easy customize to load the drivers you want, or to set the first drive letter. You can easily add or remove (existing) Dos SCSI/ASPI drivers. Just copy/remove 1 driver plugin file; uses for searching “autorun.bat” on all CD-Rom drives (and runs it). Important notice: the development and maintenance for this page has stopped.  Please don’t contact me about this page! I’m leaving the page as it is, for reference…    }Firstly you need to tweak the bios. There’s a Microsoft friendly flag to only allow their os. In windows shrink your c: partition using the remaining empty space create a new partition making it as large as you can, but leave room for future windows software and data.  Follow instructions with your install disk it should run smoothly from there.    }File:, Size: 1.45MB, MD5 hash: b6401022a699f4e55ea27a7c6b76da48, Attention! Do not link to any mirror directly. Link using this page!    }hardy heron 8.04.1.    }DL 2015. The site, which sells live USB, .iso, recovery tools, and so on, is not free, but is a commerical site. It is still there, but there is no “doku” on the site.    }Rufus is a small utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives, such as USB keys/pendrives, memory sticks, etc.  It can be especially useful for cases where you need to create USB installation media from bootable ISOs (Windows, Linux, UEFI, etc.); you need to work on a system that doesn't have an OS installed; you need to flash a BIOS or other firmware from DOS; you want to run a low-level utility.  Oh, and Rufus is fast. For instance it's about twice as fast as UNetbootin, Universal USB Installer or Windows 7 USB download tool, on the creation of a Windows 7 USB installation drive from an ISO. It is also marginally faster on the creation of Linux bootable USB from ISOs.    }DriveImage XML V2.50, Free Download; English (1.78MB); Image and Backup logical Drives and Partitions. File Size:1.78 M. Price: Private Edition Free. System Requirements: Pentium Processor – 256 MB RAM Windows XP, 2003, Vista, Windows 7, or Windows 8.    }”The Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK) is designed to help corporate IT professionals customize and deploy the Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 family of operation systems. By using Windows AIK, you can perform unattended Windows installations, capture Windows images with ImageX, and create Windows PE images,” Microsoft stated in the description of the tool.nAIK is a download weighing in at 1,375.9 MB and is offered as an ISO file labeled 6001.18000.080118-1840-kb3aikl_en.iso. The tool is designed to integrate with Vista RTM and SP1, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 with KB926044, Windows Server 2003 SP2 and Windows XP SP2 with KB926044. Until this point in time, Microsoft has said nothing about support for the third and final service pack for Windows XP. It is still unclear if the updated release date for AIK is synonymous with an update in terms of the actual functionality, features and capabilities delivered by the Kit. Also, Microsoft is focusing on Vista SP1 and Windows Server 2008 with no indications that XP SP3 will receive the same treatment. “Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) must be installed on a running Windows installation. You can recreate custom Windows images with Windows Vista SP1 slipstream media or update existing Windows Vista RTM images online with the Windows Vista SP1 stand-alone package,” Microsoft advised.    }Unix & Linux Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un*x-like operating systems.. It’s 100% free, no registration required. 232 links on page.    }using a unetbootin plugin.    }building a unetbootin plugin.    }unetbootin install modes described. Note that there are other methods, and other apps, for creating bootable USBs. Some of those links are on this page, for apps we’ve tested or know to work safely.    }the installer described. This and the following links are provided for those of you who would like to use, or consider using Unetbootin.   }features of the installer.     }An A-Z Index of the Bash command line for Linux. Click on a command and it shows the usage, syntax, and examples. Recommended.   }Links to GNU/Linux Websites and Books.  133 links on the page. Page current as of May 5, 2017. Manuals, tips, tutorials and documentation, recommended books, OS downloads, apps and utilities, discussion and newsgroups.   }Rescatux is a GNU/Linux rescue cd (and eventually also Windows) but it is not like other rescue disks. Rescatux comes with Rescapp. Rescapp is a nice wizard that will guide you through your rescue tasks.    }Super GRUB2 Disk helps you to boot into most any Operating System (OS) even if you cannot boot into it by normal means.   }Auto Super Grub Disk is an special Super Grub Disk fork. It can fix the Linux boot without having to ask anything to the user who do not have to bother about what option should (s)he choose. he most up to date links for download can be found on the main site. This documentation is outdated. It’s only useful if you are using Grub legacy. There isn’t a Windows oriented tool for recovering grub yet. Please check current documentation for other options even more easy at: Wizards.   }GRUB2 is a complete rewrite of GRUB, and Super GRUB2 Disk is a complete rewrite as well. As Super GRUB2 Disk uses GRUB2, the differences between GRUB Legacy and GRUB2 also apply to the different versions of Super GRUB Disk. Perhaps the most notable difference between Super GRUB Disk based on grub legacy and Super GRUB2 Disk is that Super GRUB2 Disk does not write to the disk at all, and so cannot rewrite the MBR. Super GRUB2 Disk can only be used to boot a broken system, it cannot fix it directly. Though once a system is booted, re-installing grub is usually just a matter of running “grub-install /dev/sda”. While there are some features of Super GRUB Disk based on GRUB legacy that will never be included in Super GRUB2 Disk, the opposite is also true. For instance, Super GRUB2 Disk supports booting OSX, loop booting from iso files, booting an OS from USB without USB support in the BIOS, and other features that are not possible with GRUB legacy.   }This is an exciting release. For the first time we are not relying on Debian’s grub packages but on our own grub2 build system. Yes, just like the distributions do when they build their own packages. This improvement let us to track grub git so that we can use its latest features. Sometimes you choose to rely on an stable grub release but sometimes some features are needed as right now. One of these features is being able of booting from EFI system from a hard disk or usb in EFI mode. (That feature was wrongly announced in the past releases of Super Grub2 Disk as being functional). And, what it’s better than that… The same disk also works for BIOS based boot and also for CDROM boot. Let me repeat it slowly. With Super Grub2 Disk hybrid iso you will be able to boot from: EFI mode. Cdrom or DVD media. EFI mode. USB or hard disk media. BIOS mode. Cdrom or DVD media. BIOS mode. USB or hard disk media.    }Windows Automated Installation Kit Downloads, NovaBACKUP. Last Updated: Jul 02, 2013 01:24PM PDT There are three varying types of AIK available to download based on your operating system: Windows XP / Server 2003, Windows Vista SP1 / Server 2008, Windows 7 / Server 2008 R2.   }the Terabyte Knowledge Base. 155 archived articles; 259 articles related to TB Unlimited Products; 5 articles on hardware or BIOS; 113 articles on Operating Systems.    }The How-To Guides are categorized into sections below. Each section can be expanded or collapsed by clicking the plus or minus button on the section header bar. You can also quickly jump to a section by placing the mouse over any header bar and clicking on a Jump to link.    }“LOL! Why Should Someone Use Any Software At All To Make A Windows7 Bootable Flash Drive / USB HDD? Just Make The Partition Active (Use Diskpart tool of windows) and Extract The Whole Windows7 ISO Into That Active Partition. Keep The Drive Plugged, Enter the BIOS and Select It As Your 1st Hard Disk if There is No Option To Boot From USB Drive, save and exit. After Restarting Windows 7 Setup Will Start To Load. I do this all the time as a hardware engineer. Never seen this method failed me. One more thing I should mention here; Installing Windows7 from a USB 2.0 Drive into a decent system takes almost 12 minutes in average. ENJOY….For Windows XP I Use WinToFlash, The Best Tool Around For This Job.”    }GNU/Linux Post-Installation Checklist; Defying Murphy’s Laws.    }EaseUS Todo Backup Full Features. The app that this app runs, which is present all the time, allows it to gather data so that it can perform the back-up when you want it to.We checked the forums, it is harmless and not malware, and doesn’t use any significant system resources.,review-1191.html   }page 1 from this site. A Bootable Windows Preinstallation USB stick can be a useful tool for any PC fix-it guy’s toolbox. Here’s how to make one and use it for maximum effect.,review-1191-2.html    }page 2 from this site.,review-1191-3.html    }page 3 from this site.    }shareware and freeware for the XP OS.    }20 tutorials on this page, 23 links total.    }this Category combines booting from flash drives, from iso images, on any drive, with Linux distros and related subjects, since they are all necessary for windows users to use linux on the same computer; and Linux distros generally for windows users who want to have Linux on any computer.    }On April 17th, 2014 Kubuntu 14.04 LTS was released. It is codenamed Trusty Tahr and is the successor to Saucy Salamander 13.10 (Saucy+1). Trusty Tahr is an LTS (Long Term Support) release. It will be supported with security updates for both the desktop and server versions until April 2019.   }The (K)Ubuntu LiveCD can be installed on and run from a USB pendrive. Settings can be “persistently” saved (but the LiveCD kernel modules can not be upgraded). Programs can be installed and run, however, and files saved to the USB drive. (The installed programs will remain installed). A (K)Ubuntu Live CD is needed to do the installation. For additional info, see the Ubuntu Official documentation, the Ubuntu Community documentation or the Pendrivelinux instructions. The USB “LiveCD” can be used to install (K)Ubuntu on computers (including netbooks) that do not have CD-ROM/DVD drives. USB pendrives to be used to run (K)Ubuntu should have a minimum of 2 Gb (preferably 4 Gb). If you wish to install a fast, fully functional Linux system on a pendrive that has less memory than that, use PuppyLinux or Lubuntu. USB Creator. You can make a “LiveCD” on a USB pendrive using USB Creator and either a LiveCD or an .iso version of the LiveCD stored on your hard drive. USB Creator is installed by default in (K)Ubuntu. If not, install: sudo apt-get install usb-creator-gtk. Run: Menu -> System -> Startup Disk Creator, Create a boot CD to allow booting from the USB drive. Many computers do not allow booting from a USB drive (but they do allow booting from the CD-ROM). You can create a CD-ROM using these Pendrivelinux instructions and set your BIOS to boot from this CD-ROM. When you boot from this CD-ROM, it will use the bootup files on the (K)Ubuntu USB drive you previously created (in the step above).    }This is the original Kubuntuguide. You are free to copy this guide but not to sell it or any derivative of it. This Kubuntu help guide is neither sold nor distributed in any other medium. Beware of copies that are for sale or are similarly named; they are neither endorsed nor sanctioned by this guide. Kubuntuguide is not associated with Blue Systems (the current sponsor of Kubuntu), Canonical Ltd., or any commercial enterprise. Kubuntu allows a user to accomplish tasks from either a menu-driven Graphical User Interface (GUI) or from a text-based command-line interface (CLI). In Kubuntu, the command-line-interface terminal is called Konsole, which is started: K menu -> System -> Konsole Terminal.   }These downloads consist of PowerPoint and Flash presentations on a variety of computer subjects as well as an assortment of small useful scripts for carrying out common Windows tasks. There are also online slide shows on a variety of computer topics. We recommend this site.   }BartPE (Bart’s Preinstalled Environment) is a lightweight variant of the 32-bit version of Microsoft Windows XP or Windows Server 2003, similar to Windows Preinstallation Environment, which can be run from a Live CD or Live USB drive. A BartPE system image is created using PE Builder, a freewares program created by Bart Lagerweij. It requires a legal copy of Windows XP or Windows Server 2003. Additional applications can be included in the image using plugins.[1] As it often resides on a Live CD or USB drive, BartPE allows a user to boot Windows, even if a hardware or software fault has disabled the installed operating system(s) on the internal hard drive — for instance, to recover files. It can also be used to scan for and remove rootkits, viruses and spyware (that have infected boot files), or to reset a lost administrator password.    }Windows Preinstallation Environment (AKA Windows PE and WinPE) is a lightweight version of Windows used for the deployment of workstations and servers or troubleshooting an operating system while it is offline. It is intended to replace MS-DOS boot disks and can be booted via PXE, iPXE,[1] CD-ROM, USB flash drive or hard disk. Traditionally used by large corporations and OEMs (to preinstall Windows client operating systems on PCs during manufacturing), it is now widely available free of charge via the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK).    }pestudio is a tool that performs the static analysis of 32-bit and 64-bit Windows executable files. pestudio is free for private non-commercial use only. For commercial use of pestudio, please, to obtain more details about the License models and prices. The application presented here may not be used for illegal purpose. Any decompilation and/or reverse-engineering of this application and its components is forbidden. pestudio is delivered as a ZIP file (MD5: CE7694D81FEDA5A095CF130D6A510361). Once the package is decompressed, pestudio does not require any installation nor does it change the system it is running on. pestudio is portable and runs on any Windows Platform.    }WinToFlash homepage.    }how to use Rescatux’s Restore grub option so that you can gain access again to your Gnu/Linux installation. 2:05.

1. Q: What happened to “Language Tools”, your list of online dictionaries?
A: We have moved it to JKU Academic Research List , where there was the most demand for it.
2. Q: How can we contact you?
A: At the following addresses: Mr. Jae Kamel, & ; Dr. Jone Dae, & .
3. Q: When did you add the Linux Category to this List?
A: February, 2014.


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